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Showing 1 to 15 of 66 results Save | Export
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Myer, Rachel A.; Shipley, Thomas F.; Davatzes, Alexandra K. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2018
The ability to accurately reason using three-dimensional visualizations is vital to success in STEM disciplines, particularly the geosciences. One impediment to learning from visualizations is spatially-based misconceptions. Such errors can arise from a range of sources (e.g., prior beliefs, inaccurate application of analogy, and visual…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Scientific Concepts, STEM Education, Misconceptions
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Kirchner, Nina; van Dongen, Eef; Gowan, Evan J.; Pattyn, Frank; Noormets, Riko; Jakobsson, Martin; Ingólfsson, Ólafur – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2018
GRANTISM (GReenland and ANTarctic Ice Sheet Model) is an educational Excel™ model introduced by Pattyn (2006). Here, GRANTISM is amended to simulate the Svalbard-Barents-Sea Ice Sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum, an analogue for the contemporary West Antarctic Ice Sheet. A new name, "GRANTSISM," is suggested; the added S represents…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Earth Science, Science Instruction, College Students
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Ford, Danielle J. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2018
With the release of the Next Generation Science Standards, the Earth and environmental sciences receive greater emphasis at all grade levels. These rigorous standards increase pressure on elementary teachers to possess strong science content and pedagogical content knowledge. They also require teachers to hold a set of beliefs compatible with the…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Student Attitudes, Earth Science, Science Instruction
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Czajka, Charles Doug; McConnell, David – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2018
Past research has evaluated how preservice teachers, high school students, and introductory college students conceptualize geologic or deep time. The ability to think on geologic timescales is regarded as an important skill in the study of geology, yet little work has specifically addressed how student understanding of this concept evolves during…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Geology, Student Attitudes, Time
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Hubenthal, Michael – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2018
The elastic rebound theory is a fundamental explanatory geoscience construct introduced in most introductory undergraduate geoscience courses. Classroom experience, supported by a recent case study of undergraduate students' model-building activities, indicates that learning this theory tends to be incomplete, in spite of instruction employing…
Descriptors: Plate Tectonics, Undergraduate Students, Scientific Concepts, College Science
Nussbaum, E. Michael; Cordova, Jacqueline R.; Rehmat, Abeera P. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Refutation texts, which are texts that rebut scientific misconceptions and explain the normative concept, can be effective devices for addressing misconceptions and affecting conceptual change. However, few, if any, refutation texts specifically related to climate change have been validated for effectiveness. In this project, we developed and…
Descriptors: Climate, Misconceptions, Scientific Concepts, Instructional Materials
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Hale, Annie E.; Shelton, Catharyn C.; Richter, Jennifer; Archambault, Leanna M. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Coupling the study of sustainability with geoscience may enable students to explore science in a more sophisticated way by examining the social-technological-ecological relationships that exist between human-nonhuman and flora-fauna-land interactions. Elementary educators are a population capable of making these issues come to life for today's…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Sustainability, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers
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Metzger, Ellen P.; Curren, Randall R. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Because challenges to sustainability arise at the intersection of human and biophysical systems they are inescapably embedded in social contexts and involve multiple stakeholders with diverse and often conflicting needs and value systems. Addressing complex and solution-resistant problems such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and…
Descriptors: Sustainability, Ethics, Science Instruction, Geology
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Holley, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
This study reports on a case study-based curricular intervention designed to help undergraduate engineering students make connections between geoscience and its applications. Teaching through case studies resulted in a measurable and significant improvement in the confidence that students had in their ability to apply geoscience concepts in an…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Engineering Education, Case Studies, Earth Science
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Undersander, Molly A.; Kettler, Richard M.; Stains, Marilyne – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Concept inventories have been determined to be useful assessment tools for evaluating students' knowledge, particularly in the sciences. However, these assessment tools must be validated to reflect as accurately as possible students' understanding of concepts. One possible threat to this validation is what previous literature calls the item order…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Test Items, Scientific Concepts, Science Tests
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Cheek, Kim A.; LaDue, Nicole D.; Shipley, Thomas F. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Geoscientists analyze and integrate spatial and temporal information at a range of scales to understand Earth processes. Despite this, the concept of scale is ill defined and taught unevenly across the K-16 continuum. This literature review focuses on two meanings of scale: one as the magnitude of the extent of a dimension and the other as a…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Spatial Ability, Time, Scientific Concepts
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Ormand, Carol J.; Shipley, Thomas F.; Tikoff, Basil; Dutrow, Barbara; Goodwin, Laurel B.; Hickson, Thomas; Atit, Kinnari; Gagnier, Kristin; Resnick, Ilyse – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2017
Spatial visualization is an essential prerequisite for understanding geological features at all scales, such as the atomic structures of minerals, the geometry of a complex fault system, or the architecture of sedimentary deposits. Undergraduate geoscience majors bring a range of spatial skill levels to upper-level courses. Fortunately, spatial…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visualization, Curriculum, Geology
Anderson, Steven W.; Libarkin, Julie C. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
Nationwide pre- and posttesting of introductory courses with the Geoscience Concept Inventory (GCI) shows little gain for many of its questions. Analysis of more than 3,500 tests shows that 22 of the 73 GCI questions had gains of <0.03, and nearly half of these focused on basic physics and chemistry. We also discovered through an assessment of…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Concept Teaching, Scientific Concepts, Pretests Posttests
Moss, Elizabeth; Cervato, Cinzia – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2016
As part of a campus-wide effort to transform introductory science courses to be more engaging and more accurately convey the excitement of discovery in science, the curriculum of an introductory physical geology lab course was redesigned. What had been a series of ''cookbook'' lab activities was transformed into a sequence of activities based on…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Educational Change, Science Instruction, Cooperative Learning
Marshall, Jilll A.; Castillo, Adam J.; Cardenas, M. Bayani – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2015
We investigated the effect of modeling and visualization resources on upper-division, undergraduate and graduate students' performance on an open-ended assessment of their understanding of physical hydrology. The students were enrolled in one of five sections of a physical hydrology course. In two of the sections, students completed homework…
Descriptors: Earth Science, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation
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