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Handley, Lawrence R. – Journal of Geography, 1982
Commercial geography, originally taught in 18th-century trading schools, reached its zenith in the mid-1920s because it was stimulated by the development of the British Empire, noted for its commercial applications, and popularized through information disseminated by geographical societies. Demise factors include America's isolationist attitudes,…
Descriptors: Educational History, Geography Instruction, Higher Education, Intellectual Disciplines
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Claval, Paul C. – Journal of Geography, 1983
The educational history of geography instruction in France from 1870, when it was first taught at the university level, through the 1970s is discussed. (RM)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Course Content, Educational Change, Educational History
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Mathewson, Kent – Journal of Geography, 1986
Reviews the life, theories, and influence of Alexander von Humboldt, the early nineteenth century founder of modern geography. Maintains that Humboldt's novel approaches to the study of landscape antiquities have value for contemporary students in cultural and historical geography. (JDH)
Descriptors: Archaeology, Educational History, Educational Theories, Geography Instruction
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Hewes, Leslie – Journal of Geography, 1983
A former Sauer graduate student reminisces about one of the most influential, albeit controversial, figures in American geography. Topics include Sauer as a geography educator, his fieldwork, his department at Berkeley, his opinions about the subfields of geography, his interest in the here and now, and his personal interests. (SR)
Descriptors: Biographies, College Faculty, Field Studies, Geography
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Richason, Benjamin F., Jr. – Journal of Geography, 1983
Columbus sighted Jamaica during his second voyage and was marooned there for more than a year during his fourth. The succession of early maps of Jamaica betrays its slow development and its unimportance to early colonizers. Modern tourism is the elusive "gold" which the Spanish fortune hunters did not find. (CS)
Descriptors: Area Studies, Cartography, Colonialism, Foreign Countries
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Gullick, Charles J. M. R. – Journal of Geography, 1983
Describes the ethnic history and the economic development of Jamaica from its beginnings as a Spanish colony through British rule to post-World War II independence. Rastafarianism, an extremist Black nationalist movement, arose after independence. Its militancy is due to an overwhelmingly Black majority population, with few countervailing ethnic…
Descriptors: Area Studies, Black History, Blacks, Colonialism
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Clarke, Colin G. – Journal of Geography, 1983
Kingston, capital of Jamaica, has been molded by three institutions: colonialism, the sugar plantation, and slavery. It has an enormous marginal population living in permanent poverty and not absorbable into the labor force. This marginality, fundamentally related to dependent capitalism, sustains itself by keeping wages low. (CS)
Descriptors: Colonialism, Demography, Developing Nations, Economic Development
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Eyre, L. Alan – Journal of Geography, 1983
Jamaica experienced organized violence from 1976 to 1980, when general elections were held. Describes field work carried out in ghettos and shanty towns which mapped the rigid geographical polarization of Jamaica and its effects on employment, education, and migration. The geographic framework for a resumption of hostilities remains. (CS)
Descriptors: Conflict, Developing Nations, Field Studies, Foreign Countries
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Wishart, David J. – Journal of Geography, 1982
The years between the Dawes Act of 1887, which imposed allotments in severalty on the American Indians, and 1933, when an advocate of Indian self-determination became Commissioner of Indian Affairs, were marked by a drive to assimilate the Indians. Geography instruction in Indian government schools during this period is discussed. (RM)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indians, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education
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Spencer, Donald S. – Journal of Geography, 1988
Describes geopolitics as the branch of geography that explores the relationship between geographical realities and international affairs. The essential task of the discipline is to identify those geographical circumstances that explain the power interests, the character, and the behavior of nations. Includes a lesson plan that introduces students…
Descriptors: Geography, Higher Education, International Relations, Political Divisions (Geographic)
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Brothers, Timothy S. – Journal of Geography, 1991
Uses the U.S. General Land Office Survey as a source of data for reconstruction of local presettlement vegetation patterns in the United States. Data serve as a basis for an introductory biogeography course at Indiana University, Indianapolis. Includes field exercises, questions, and tables of frequency of witness-trees records. (NL)
Descriptors: Class Activities, College Curriculum, Course Content, Field Instruction
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Hartshorne, Richard – Journal of Geography, 1990
Reprint of a presentation to the National Council of Geography Teachers in 1952 stating that a fundamental error in popular thought about geography is that the land masses of the continents are the basic divisions of the world. Analyzes the U.S. world position and claims the United States has a responsibility for the world's future. (NL)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education
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Pattison, William D. – Journal of Geography, 1990
Reprints an article from a 1964 "Journal of Geography" that defined the four traditions of geography. Proposed a basic nomenclature with associated ideas to confront the pluralism inherent in geographic thought. Claimed that the four traditions offered a pluralistic basis to maintain an alliance between professional geography and pedagogical…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education
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Semple, Ellen Churchill – Journal of Geography, 1990
Reprints a 1904 article from the "Journal of Geography" exploring geography's teaching focus. Argued for unchanged emphasis on the land and its people but advocated a deeper geographical interpretation of history. Contended that teaching should pay attention to scientific interpretation, and that children should discover a self-constructed…
Descriptors: Anthropology, Concept Teaching, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education
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Cramer, R. E.; Gritzner, C. F., Jr. – Journal of Geography, 1990
This 1963 article, reprinted from the "Journal of Geography" lamented the lack of geographic education. Urged geographers to promote the subject and ensure its place in the curriculum. Claimed school administrators failed to understand geography's vital role. Discussed current status of the field and mentioned poor student test scores. (NL)
Descriptors: Course Content, Curriculum Development, Educational History, Educational Innovation
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