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Jo, Injeong; Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2014
The primary objectives of this article are: (1) to conceptualize teacher dispositions related to teaching spatial thinking in geography classrooms; and (2) to propose an exemplar assessment that can be used to prepare teachers who are disposed toward teaching spatial thinking through geography. A detailed description of the construction procedures…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Geography Instruction, Teaching Methods, Teacher Characteristics
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham; Bockenhauer, Mark H.; Walk, Fred H. – Journal of Geography, 2005
Geography teacher preparation is an ongoing problem for the discipline. Changes in certification requirements and federal and state educational policies have diminished the role of colleges and universities in educating teachers. At the same time, geography education reform efforts have resulted in higher standards and an increased quantity of…
Descriptors: Geography Instruction, Teacher Education, Mentors, Teacher Certification
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2002
Action research is defined as systematic classroom-based inquiry to solve teacher-perceived problems. It has been a component of education, particularly professional staff development, for the past century under several names although geography educators in the United States have rarely used it for this, or any other, purpose. This paper reviews…
Descriptors: Geography Instruction, Action Research, Educational Change, Staff Development
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 1998
Argues that the pendulum between federal and state education initiatives has swung to the states; reviews the extent to which state standards have incorporated the recommendations of "Geography for Life." Concludes that the translation of "Geography for Life" into state standards is uneven due to problems of accessibility. (DSK)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education