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Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2016
This article examines Advanced Placement Human Geography (AP HG) in the context of its place in efforts to reform geography education. It presents a critical analysis of the AP program and its curriculum, asserting that it represents "powerful knowledge" as conceptualized by Young. It concludes with a call for research in AP HG aligned…
Descriptors: Geography Instruction, Advanced Placement Programs, Human Geography, Educational Change
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Huynh, Niem Tu; Solem, Michael; Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2015
This article provides an overview of learning progressions (LP) and assesses the potential of this line of research to improve geography education. It presents the merits and limitations of three of the most common approaches used to conduct LP research and draws on one approach to propose a first draft of a LP on map reading and interpretation.…
Descriptors: Geography, Geography Instruction, Maps, Map Skills
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Jo, Injeong; Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2014
The primary objectives of this article are: (1) to conceptualize teacher dispositions related to teaching spatial thinking in geography classrooms; and (2) to propose an exemplar assessment that can be used to prepare teachers who are disposed toward teaching spatial thinking through geography. A detailed description of the construction procedures…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Geography Instruction, Teaching Methods, Teacher Characteristics
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Jo, Injeong; Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 2014
Twenty-four pre-service teachers participated in a workshop designed to provide explicit opportunities to learn what spatial thinking is and how to incorporate it into teaching practice. The objectives of this paper are to: (1) examine the educational effect of the workshop on pre-service teachers' pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) and (2)…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Spatial Ability, Thinking Skills, Workshops
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Jo, Injeong; Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2009
This article examines whether questions embedded in geography textbooks address three components of spatial thinking: concepts of space, tools of representation, and processes of reasoning. A three-dimensional taxonomy of spatial thinking was developed and used to evaluate questions in four high school level geography textbooks. The results…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Cognitive Processes, Geography Instruction, Spatial Ability
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham; Chalkley, Brian; Fletcher, Stephen; Hay, Iain; Le Heron, Erena; Mohan, Audrey; Trafford, Julie – Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 2008
This article examines the role and purpose of community engagement as a learning and teaching strategy within higher education geography. It explores different interpretations of the concept of community engagement and illustrates different examples of this kind of learning through six case studies drawn from Australia, New Zealand, the UK, and…
Descriptors: Geography, Community Involvement, Experiential Learning, Foreign Countries
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham; Bockenhauer, Mark H.; Walk, Fred H. – Journal of Geography, 2005
Geography teacher preparation is an ongoing problem for the discipline. Changes in certification requirements and federal and state educational policies have diminished the role of colleges and universities in educating teachers. At the same time, geography education reform efforts have resulted in higher standards and an increased quantity of…
Descriptors: Geography Instruction, Teacher Education, Mentors, Teacher Certification
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2003
Implementation of "Geography for Life: The National Geography Standards" has met with mixed success. The purpose of this paper is to explore the factors influencing this innovation adoption process. A framework of external and internal factors that influence how teachers come to understand and incorporate the form and function of educational…
Descriptors: Geography, Prior Learning, Educational Innovation, Educational Change
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 2002
Action research is defined as systematic classroom-based inquiry to solve teacher-perceived problems. It has been a component of education, particularly professional staff development, for the past century under several names although geography educators in the United States have rarely used it for this, or any other, purpose. This paper reviews…
Descriptors: Geography Instruction, Action Research, Educational Change, Staff Development
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham – Journal of Geography, 1998
Argues that the pendulum between federal and state education initiatives has swung to the states; reviews the extent to which state standards have incorporated the recommendations of "Geography for Life." Concludes that the translation of "Geography for Life" into state standards is uneven due to problems of accessibility. (DSK)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Objectives, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education
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Bednarz, Sarah Witham; Audet, Richard H. – Journal of Geography, 1999
Presents a survey on the degree of training in geographic-information systems (GIS) given to prospective geography teachers. Reveals that only a handful of programs intentionally expose student teachers to GIS in a meaningful manner. Discusses implications for plans to integrate GIS into the curriculum. (DSK)
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Geography Instruction, Higher Education, Preservice Teacher Education