ERIC Number: EJ764498
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Exploring Methods of Analysing Talk in Problem-Based Learning Tutorials
Clouston, Teena J.
Journal of Further and Higher Education, v31 n2 p183-193 May 2007
This article explores the use of discourse analysis and conversation analysis as an evaluation tool in problem-based learning. The basic principles of the methods are discussed and their application in analysing talk in problem-based learning considered. Findings suggest that these methods could enable an understanding of how effective problem-based learning communication is constructed. For example, by analysing patterns of group communication and considering how participants give meaning to problem-based learning talk, problem-solving sequences and facilitation devices can be highlighted. Moreover, emotional and behavioural action such as cognitive dissonance and readiness for the individual within the group experience can be elucidated through talk which otherwise may remain hidden. In this way both discourse and conversation analysis can be an effective means of reflexive and evaluative practice for both tutors and students.
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Teaching Methods, Discourse Analysis, Group Experience, Problem Based Learning, Tutorial Programs, Tutors, Students, Group Dynamics, Student Participation, Independent Study, Student Responsibility, Problem Solving
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A