NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Audience
Researchers2
Laws, Policies, & Programs
What Works Clearinghouse Rating
Showing 1 to 15 of 2,047 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Ricker, Timothy J.; Sandry, Joshua; Vergauwe, Evie; Cowan, Nelson – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
There is a long-standing debate over whether the passage of time causes forgetting from working memory, a process called trace decay. Researchers providing evidence against the existence of trace decay generally study memory by presenting familiar verbal memory items for 1 s or more per memory item, during the study period. In contrast,…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Short Term Memory, Time, Verbal Communication
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Unsworth, Nash; Robison, Matthew K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
A cognitive-energetic account of individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) and sustained attention performance is proposed suggesting that variation in the voluntary control of the intensity of attention (intrinsic alertness) is critical for the relation between WMC and attention control. Four experiments examining individual…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Attention, Individual Differences, Reaction Time
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
McQueen, James M.; Eisner, Frank; Burgering, Merel A.; Vroomen, Jean – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Learning new words entails, inter alia, encoding of novel sound patterns and transferring those patterns from short-term to long-term memory. We report a series of 5 experiments that investigated whether the memory systems engaged in word learning are specialized for speech and whether utilization of these systems results in a benefit for word…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Speech Communication, Cognitive Processes, Memory
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Son, Gaeun; Oh, Byung-Il; Kang, Min-Suk; Chong, Sang Chul – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
We investigated whether clustering based on feature similarity improves the representational quality of visual working memory (VWM). We hypothesized that similar items are organized into clusters, and their recall precision increases with fewer clusters because of reduced memory load. In a series of 6 experiments, participants remembered…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Cognitive Ability
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Villata, Sandra; Franck, Julie – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Studies on agreement production consistently report an increase in production errors in the presence of an attractor mismatching the agreement feature of the target. In contrast, results from comprehension studies are mixed, ranging from lack of effect to facilitation. We report 2 forced-choice experiments and 2 self-paced reading experiments on…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Interference (Language), Language Processing, Grammar
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Kimel, Eva; Ahissar, Merav – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Are difficulties of individuals with dyslexia (IDDs) reduced or enhanced in tasks where linguistic regularities typically facilitate performance, such as vocabulary acquisition and reading? If impaired short-term memory and poor phonological decoding pose the main impediments to IDDs, then they are expected to compensate for these difficulties…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Dyslexia, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Caselli, Naomi K.; Pyers, Jennie E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Lexical iconicity--signs or words that resemble their meaning--is overrepresented in children's early vocabularies. Embodied theories of language acquisition predict that symbols are more learnable when they are grounded in a child's firsthand experiences. As such, pantomimic iconic signs, which use the signer's body to represent a body, might be…
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Vocabulary Development, Lexicology, Semantics
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Hamamouche, Karina; Cordes, Sara – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Throughout the life span, we are capable of representing quantities in the absence of language, or nonsymbolically. Additionally, over the course of development, we learn many symbolic measurement systems for representing quantities such as time and number. Despite substantial evidence of a relation between the acquisition of symbolic and…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Time Perspective, Measurement, Correlation
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Martin, Jessie D.; Shipstead, Zach; Harrison, Tyler L.; Redick, Thomas S.; Bunting, Michael; Engle, Randall W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
This study uses a novel framework based on work by Shipstead, Harrison, and Engle (2016) that includes measures of both working memory capacity and fluid intelligence in an attempt to better understand the processes that influence successful reading comprehension at the latent level. Further, we extend this framework to a second educationally…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Short Term Memory, Intelligence
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Bahrami Balani, Alex – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
People's everyday lives offer plenty of situations where complex processing of information takes place, in which information needs to transfer across modalities to achieve a behavioral goal. The study examined the differential effects on object detection by a visual, verbal, or auditory cue held in working memory (WM), and the role of concurrent…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Transfer of Training, Cognitive Processes, Visual Stimuli
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Lei, Xuehui; Mou, Weimin; Zhang, Lei – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
This study investigated the extent to which people can develop a global representation of local environments through across-boundary navigation. Participants learned objects' locations in two misaligned rectangular rooms in an immersive virtual environment. After learning, they adopted a local view in one room and judged directions of objects…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Computer Simulation, Navigation, Learning Processes
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Brunyé, Tad T.; Smith, Amy M.; Hendel, Dalit; Gardony, Aaron L.; Martis, Shaina B.; Taylor, Holly A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Students learn more effectively through repeated retrieval of study materials relative to repeated exposure to the materials, a phenomenon known as the "testing effect" or "retrieval practice". This pattern has been demonstrated repeatedly with verbal materials, and more recently with visuospatial materials. The extent to which…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Memory, Transfer of Training, Maps
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Evans, Nathan J.; Hawkins, Guy E.; Brown, Scott D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Theories of perceptual decision making have been dominated by the idea that evidence accumulates in favor of different alternatives until some fixed threshold amount is reached, which triggers a decision. Recent theories have suggested that these thresholds may not be fixed during each decision but change as time passes. These collapsing…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Reaction Time, Task Analysis, Perception
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Liefooghe, Baptist; Hughes, Sean; Schmidt, James R.; De Houwer, Jan – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Automaticity can be established by consistently reinforcing contingencies during practice. During reinforcement learning, however, new relations can also be derived, which were never directly reinforced. For instance, reinforcing the overlapping contingencies A [right arrow] B and A [right arrow] C, can lead to a new relation B-C, which was never…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Visual Stimuli, Interference (Learning), Reaction Time
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Wixted, John T. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Signal detection theory is one of psychology's most well-known and influential theoretical frameworks. However, the conceptual hurdles that had to be overcome before the theory could finally emerge in its modern form in the early 1950s seem to have been largely forgotten. Here, I trace the origins of signal detection theory, beginning with…
Descriptors: Perception, Bias, Theories, Experimental Psychology
Previous Page | Next Page »
Pages: 1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  |  10  |  11  |  ...  |  137