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Showing 1 to 15 of 2,190 results Save | Export
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Gettleman, Jessica N.; Grabman, Jesse H.; Dobolyi, David G.; Dodson, Chad S. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
When pristine testing conditions are used, an eyewitness's high-confidence identification from a lineup can be a reliable predictor of their identification accuracy (Wixted & Wells, 2017). Further, Grabman, Dobolyi, Berelovich, and Dodson (2019) found that high-confidence identifications are more predictive of accuracy for individuals with…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Human Body, Recognition (Psychology), Accuracy
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Rabovsky, Milena; Schad, Daniel J.; Abdel Rahman, Rasha – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Language production ultimately aims to convey meaning. Yet words differ widely in the richness and density of their semantic representations, and these differences impact conceptual and lexical processes during speech planning. Here, we replicated the recent finding that semantic richness, measured as the number of associated semantic features…
Descriptors: Semantics, Language Processing, Correlation, Inhibition
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Grainger, Jonathan; Beyersmann, Elisabeth – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Two masked priming experiments investigated the impact of prime lexicality (word vs. nonword) and the pseudo-morphological structure of prime stimuli (pseudosuffixed vs. nonsuffixed) on embedded word priming effects. In the related prime conditions, target words were embedded at the beginning of prime stimuli and were followed either by a…
Descriptors: Morphology (Languages), Morphemes, Priming, Decision Making
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Kuhlmann, Beatrice G.; Brubaker, Matthew S.; Pfeiffer, Theresa; Naveh-Benjamin, Moshe – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Few studies have compared interference-based forgetting between item versus associative memory. The memory-system dependent forgetting hypothesis (Hardt, Nader, & Nadel, 2013) predicts that effects of interference on associative memory should be minimal because its hippocampal representation allows pattern separation even of highly similar…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Memory, Comparative Analysis, Interference (Learning)
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Saryazdi, Raheleh; Chambers, Craig G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
One core question in studies of language processing is the extent to which interlocutors engage in real-time communicative perspective-taking. Current evidence suggests that both children and young adult listeners are able to draw on common ground (shared knowledge) to guide referential interpretation. However, less is known about older listeners,…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Older Adults, Young Adults, Language Processing
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Bartolozzi, Federica; Jongman, Suzanne R.; Meyer, Antje S. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
In conversation, production and comprehension processes may overlap, causing interference. In 3 experiments, we investigated whether repetition priming can work as a supporting device, reducing costs associated with linguistic dual-tasking. Experiment 1 established the rate of decay of repetition priming from spoken words to picture naming for…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Language Processing, Priming, Task Analysis
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Tatz, Joshua R.; Undorf, Monika; Peynircioglu, Zehra F. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
According to the principle of inverse effectiveness (PIE), weaker responses to information in one modality (i.e., unisensory) benefit more from additional information in a second modality (i.e., multisensory; Meredith & Stein, 1986). We suggest that the PIE may also inform whether perceptual fluency affects judgments of learning (JOLs). If…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Decision Making, Acoustics, Layout (Publications)
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Viebahn, Malte C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Studies have demonstrated that listeners can retain detailed voice-specific acoustic information about spoken words in memory. A central question is when such information influences lexical processing. According to episodic models of the mental lexicon, voice-specific details influence word recognition immediately during online speech perception.…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Priming, Acoustics, Word Recognition
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Belletier, Clément; Camos, Valérie; Barrouillet, Pierre – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Several working memory (WM) theories assume a resource sharing between the maintenance of information and its processing, whereas other theories suppose that these 2 functions of WM rely on different pools of resources. Studies that addressed this question by examining whether dual-task costs occur in tasks combining processing and storage have…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Short Term Memory, Attention, Recall (Psychology)
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Stone, Sean M.; Storm, Benjamin C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Retrieval fluency can affect the metacognitive judgments people make about their memory. In a study by Benjamin, Bjork, and Schwartz (1998), participants predicted they would be better able to recall the answers to questions they retrieved more quickly than the answers to questions they retrieved more slowly, despite actual performance going in…
Descriptors: Memory, Search Strategies, Metacognition, Decision Making
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Wong, Harris; Odic, Darko – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Research over the past 20 years has suggested that our intuitive sense of number--the Approximate Number System (ANS)--is associated with individual differences in symbolic math performance. The mechanism supporting this relationship, however, remains unknown. Here, we test whether the ANS contributes to how well adult observers judge the…
Descriptors: Number Systems, Symbols (Mathematics), Equations (Mathematics), Problem Solving
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Pilditch, Toby D.; Lagator, Sandra; Lagnado, David – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
How do we deal with unlikely witness testimonies? Whether in legal or everyday reasoning, corroborative evidence is generally considered a strong marker of support for the reported hypothesis. However, questions remain regarding how the prior probability, or base rate, of that hypothesis interacts with corroboration. Using a Bayesian network…
Descriptors: Evidence, Reliability, Logical Thinking, Probability
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Eskenazi, Michael A.; Nix, Bailey – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Reading in difficult or novel fonts results in slower and less efficient reading (Slattery & Rayner, 2010); however, these fonts may also lead to better learning and memory (Diemand-Yauman, Oppenheimer, & Vaughan, 2011). This effect is consistent with a desirable difficulty effect such that more effort during encoding results in better…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Difficulty Level, Word Frequency, Layout (Publications)
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Leggett, Jack M. I.; Burt, Jennifer S. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Successfully retrieving information protects it against later forgetting. Failed retrieval attempts are also beneficial if followed by study of corrective feedback. To explain both of these findings, researchers have proposed the "mediation hypothesis." In the case of learning from corrective feedback, initial errors may serve as…
Descriptors: Error Patterns, Cues, Recall (Psychology), Feedback (Response)
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Wen, Yun; Mirault, Jonathan; Grainger, Jonathan – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
In 2 ERP experiments participants read 4-word sequences presented for 200 ms (RPVP paradigm) and were required to decide whether the word sequences were grammatical or not. In Experiment 1, the word sequence consisted of either a grammatically correct sentence (e.g., "she can sing now") or an ungrammatical scrambled sequence (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Syntax, Language Processing, Grammar, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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