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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,857 results Save | Export
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Hurlstone, Mark J.; Hitch, Graham J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
A central goal of research on short-term memory (STM) over the past 2 decades has been to identify the mechanisms that underpin the representation of serial order, and to establish whether these mechanisms are the same across different modalities and domains (e.g., verbal, visual, spatial). A fruitful approach to addressing this question has…
Descriptors: Serial Ordering, Recall (Psychology), Visual Stimuli, Short Term Memory
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Ratcliff, Roger; Van Dongen, Hans P. A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Sleep deprivation adversely affects the ability to perform cognitive tasks, but theories range from predicting an overall decline in cognitive functioning because of reduced stability in attentional networks to specific deficits in various cognitive domains or processes. We measured the effects of sleep deprivation on two memory tasks, item…
Descriptors: Sleep, Reaction Time, Accuracy, Memory
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Lindau, Berit; Topolinski, Sascha – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
People prefer words with inward directed consonantal patterns (e.g., MENIKA) compared to outward patterns (KENIMA), because inward (outward) articulation movements resemble positive (negative) mouth actions such as swallowing (spitting). This effect might rely on covert articulation simulations, or subvocalizations, since it occurs also under…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Psychomotor Skills, Language Patterns, Preferences
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Huff, Markus; Maurer, Annika E.; Brich, Irina; Pagenkopf, Anne; Wickelmaier, Florian; Papenmeier, Frank – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Humans segment the continuous stream of sensory information into distinct events at points of change. Between 2 events, humans perceive an event boundary. Present theories propose changes in the sensory information to trigger updating processes of the present event model. Increased encoding effort finally leads to a memory benefit at event…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Cognitive Processes, Memory, Reading Rate
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Muda, Rafal; Niszczota, Pawel; Bialek, Michal; Conway, Paul – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Moral dilemmas entail deciding whether to cause harm to maximize overall outcomes, such as killing 1 person to save 5. Past work has demonstrated that people are more willing to accept causing such outcome-maximizing harm when they read dilemmas in a foreign language they speak rather than their native language. Presumably this effect is due to…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Second Language Learning, Reading Processes, Decision Making
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Chon, Danbee; Thompson, Kelsey R.; Reber, Paul J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Implicit learning reflects learning from experience that occurs without intention or awareness of the information acquired and is hypothesized to contribute to skill acquisition by improving performance with practice. The role of motivation has not been examined because this kind of memory is represented outside awareness. We manipulated…
Descriptors: Motivation, Memory, Feedback (Response), Visual Stimuli
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Karaman, Ferhat; Hay, Jessica F. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Research over the past 2 decades has demonstrated that infants are equipped with remarkable computational abilities that allow them to find words in continuous speech. Infants can encode information about the transitional probability (TP) between syllables to segment words from artificial and natural languages. As previous research has tested…
Descriptors: Infants, Retention (Psychology), Word Recognition, Familiarity
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Scharenborg, Odette; Coumans, Juul M. J.; van Hout, Roeland – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
This article investigates 2 questions: (1) does the presence of background noise lead to a differential increase in the number of simultaneously activated candidate words in native and nonnative listening? And (2) do individual differences in listeners' cognitive and linguistic abilities explain the differential effect of background noise on…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Native Speakers, Second Language Learning, Listening Skills
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Chua, Kao-Wei; Bub, Daniel N.; Masson, Michael E. J.; Gauthier, Isabel – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Seeing pictures of objects activates the motor cortex and can have an influence on subsequent grasping actions. However, the exact nature of the motor representations evoked by these pictures is unclear. For example, action plans engaged by pictures could be most affected by direct visual input and computed online based on object shape.…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Recognition (Psychology), Comprehension, Attention
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Voskuilen, Chelsea; Ratcliff, Roger; McKoon, Gail – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
We examined the effects of aging on performance in an item-recognition experiment with confidence judgments. A model for confidence judgments and response time (RTs; Ratcliff & Starns, 2013) was used to fit a large amount of data from a new sample of older adults and a previously reported sample of younger adults. This model of confidence…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Recognition (Psychology), Familiarity, Metacognition
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Cortis Mack, Cathleen; Dent, Kevin; Ward, Geoff – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three experiments examined the immediate free recall (IFR) of auditory-verbal and visuospatial materials from single-modality and dual-modality lists. In Experiment 1, we presented participants with between 1 and 16 spoken words, with between 1 and 16 visuospatial dot locations, or with between 1 and 16 words "and" dots with synchronized…
Descriptors: Input Output Analysis, Recall (Psychology), Auditory Stimuli, Verbal Stimuli
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Meiser, Thorsten; Rummel, Jan; Fleig, Hanna – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Pseudocontingencies are inferences about correlations in the environment that are formed on the basis of statistical regularities like skewed base rates or varying base rates across environmental contexts. Previous research has demonstrated that pseudocontingencies provide a pervasive mechanism of inductive inference in numerous social judgment…
Descriptors: Inferences, Correlation, Decision Making, Probability
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Robison, Matthew K.; Unsworth, Nash – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Individuals with greater cognitive abilities generally show reduced rates of mind-wandering when completing relatively demanding tasks (Randall, Oswald, & Beier, 2014). However, it is yet unclear whether elevated rates of mind-wandering among low-ability individuals are manifestations of deliberate, intentional episodes of mind-wandering…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Attention Control, Short Term Memory, Task Analysis
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Chen, Wenfeng; Ren, Naixin; Young, Andrew W.; Liu, Chang Hong – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The composite face paradigm (Young, Hellawell, & Hay, 1987) is widely used to demonstrate holistic perception of faces (Rossion, 2013). In the paradigm, parts from different faces (usually the top and bottom halves) are recombined. The principal criterion for holistic perception is that responses involving the component parts of composites in…
Descriptors: Human Body, Visual Stimuli, Responses, Gender Differences
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Meier, Matt E.; Smeekens, Bridget A.; Silvia, Paul J.; Kwapil, Thomas R.; Kane, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The association between working memory capacity (WMC) and the antisaccade task, which requires subjects to move their eyes and attention away from a strong visual cue, supports the claim that WMC is partially an attentional construct (Kane, Bleckley, Conway, & Engle, 2001; Unsworth, Schrock, & Engle, 2004). Specifically, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Individual Differences, Reaction Time, Cues
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