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Showing 1 to 15 of 2,078 results Save | Export
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Hughes, Robert W.; Marsh, John E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Two experiments critically examined a predictive-coding based account of the vulnerability of short-term memory (STM) to auditory distraction, particularly the disruptive effect of changing-state sound on verbal serial recall. Experiment 1 showed that providing participants with the opportunity to predict the contents of an imminent spoken…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Short Term Memory, Prediction, Acoustics
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Wenger, Michael J.; Rhoten, Stephanie E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
In their seminal study of chess expertise, Simon and Chase (Chase & Simon, 1973; Simon & Chase, 1973) proposed that perceptual learning was a necessary component of skill acquisition. In their view, acquisition of skill results from the strategic use of learning at multiple levels to adaptively overcome inherent limitations. The knowledge…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Perceptual Development, Perceptual Motor Learning, Skill Development
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Gamliel, Eyal; Kreiner, Hamutal – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Attribute-framing bias reflects people's tendency to evaluate positively framed objects more favorably than the same objects framed negatively. Most theoretical accounts of this bias emphasized the role of positive- and negative-framing valence in the message, disregarding the quantitative information that typically accompanies it. To examine the…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Bias, Cognitive Processes, Knowledge Representation
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Lee, Hongmi; Kim, Kyungmi; Yi, Do-Joon – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Previous studies have reported contradictory findings regarding the effects of item repetition on the subsequent encoding of contextual details associated with items (i.e., source memory). Whereas some studies reported repetition-induced enhancement in source memory, other studies observed repetition-induced impairment. To resolve these…
Descriptors: Memory, Familiarity, Context Effect, Tests
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Chamberlain, Jenna M.; Gagné, Christina L.; Spalding, Thomas L.; Lõo, Kaidi – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Three experiments using a spelling error detection task investigated the extent to which morphemes and pseudomorphemes affect word processing. We compared the processing of transparent compound words (e.g., doorbell), pseudocompound words (e.g., carpet), and matched control words (e.g., tomato). In half of the compound and pseudocompound words,…
Descriptors: Spelling, Error Patterns, Task Analysis, Morphology (Languages)
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Ortega, Gerardo; Özyürek, Asli; Peeters, David – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
When learning a second spoken language, cognates, words overlapping in form and meaning with one's native language, help breaking into the language one wishes to acquire. But what happens when the to-be-acquired second language is a sign language? We tested whether hearing nonsigners rely on their gestural repertoire at first exposure to a sign…
Descriptors: Hearing (Physiology), Second Language Learning, Sign Language, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Meinhardt, Martin J.; Bell, Raoul; Buchner, Axel; Röer, Jan P. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
A large body of evidence shows an animacy effect on memory in that animate entities are better remembered than inanimate ones. Yet, the reason for this mnemonic prioritization remains unclear. In the survival processing literature, the assumption that richness of encoding is responsible for adaptive memory benefits has received substantial…
Descriptors: Memory, Prediction, Language Processing, Associative Learning
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Emmorey, Karen; Li, Chuchu; Petrich, Jennifer; Gollan, Tamar H. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
When spoken language (unimodal) bilinguals switch between languages, they must simultaneously inhibit 1 language and activate the other language. Because American Sign Language (ASL)-English (bimodal) bilinguals can switch into and out of code-blends (simultaneous production of a sign and a word), we can tease apart the cost of inhibition (turning…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Task Analysis, Second Language Learning
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Troyer, Melissa; Urbach, Thomas P.; Kutas, Marta – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
In Troyer and Kutas (2018), individual differences in knowledge of the world of Harry Potter (HP) rapidly modulated individuals' average electrical brain potentials to contextually supported words in sentence endings. Using advances in single-trial electroencephalogram analysis, we examined whether this relationship is strictly a result of domain…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Reading Processes, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests
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Peng, Yaoping; Tullis, Jonathan G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
In student-regulated instruction, guiding one's study effectively and efficiently is crucial for successful learning. Yet, significant variability exists in how effectively learners regulate their own study. Here, we explored whether and how beliefs about the nature of intelligence affect learners' metacognitive control and ultimately the efficacy…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Metacognition, Student Attitudes, Independent Study
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Palma, Pauline; Whitford, Veronica; Titone, Debra – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
An important question within psycholinguistics is how knowledge of multiple languages impacts the coactivation of word forms and meanings during language comprehension. To the extent that a bilingual's known languages are always partially active, as predicted by models such as the bilingual interactive activation plus model (Dijkstra & Van…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Executive Function, Ambiguity (Semantics), Eye Movements
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Ordin, Mikhail; Polyanskaya, Leona; Soto, David – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
We assessed the effect of bilingualism on metacognitive processing in the artificial language learning task, in 2 experiments varying in the difficulty to segment the language. Following a study phase in which participants were exposed to the artificial language, segmentation performance was assessed by means of a dual forced-choice recognition…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Bilingualism, Language Processing, Artificial Languages
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Kaufeld, Greta; Ravenschlag, Anna; Meyer, Antje S.; Martin, Andrea E.; Bosker, Hans Rutger – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
During spoken language comprehension, listeners make use of both knowledge-based and signal-based sources of information, but little is known about how cues from these distinct levels of representational hierarchy are weighted and integrated online. In an eye-tracking experiment using the visual world paradigm, we investigated the flexible…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Cues, Morphology (Languages), Syntax
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Topcu, Meymune N.; Hirst, William – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
People are routinely involved in remembering the national past and imagining the national future, especially when making political decisions. These processes, however, have not been explored extensively. The present research aims to address this lacuna. In 2 experiments (N = 203), participants were asked to remember and imagine events that involve…
Descriptors: Memory, Historical Interpretation, Imagination, Time Perspective
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Ricker, Timothy J.; Sandry, Joshua; Vergauwe, Evie; Cowan, Nelson – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
There is a long-standing debate over whether the passage of time causes forgetting from working memory, a process called trace decay. Researchers providing evidence against the existence of trace decay generally study memory by presenting familiar verbal memory items for 1 s or more per memory item, during the study period. In contrast,…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Short Term Memory, Time, Verbal Communication
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