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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,755 results Save | Export
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Voskuilen, Chelsea; Ratcliff, Roger; McKoon, Gail – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
We examined the effects of aging on performance in an item-recognition experiment with confidence judgments. A model for confidence judgments and response time (RTs; Ratcliff & Starns, 2013) was used to fit a large amount of data from a new sample of older adults and a previously reported sample of younger adults. This model of confidence…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Recognition (Psychology), Familiarity, Metacognition
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Cortis Mack, Cathleen; Dent, Kevin; Ward, Geoff – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three experiments examined the immediate free recall (IFR) of auditory-verbal and visuospatial materials from single-modality and dual-modality lists. In Experiment 1, we presented participants with between 1 and 16 spoken words, with between 1 and 16 visuospatial dot locations, or with between 1 and 16 words "and" dots with synchronized…
Descriptors: Input Output Analysis, Recall (Psychology), Auditory Stimuli, Verbal Stimuli
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Meiser, Thorsten; Rummel, Jan; Fleig, Hanna – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Pseudocontingencies are inferences about correlations in the environment that are formed on the basis of statistical regularities like skewed base rates or varying base rates across environmental contexts. Previous research has demonstrated that pseudocontingencies provide a pervasive mechanism of inductive inference in numerous social judgment…
Descriptors: Inferences, Correlation, Decision Making, Probability
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Robison, Matthew K.; Unsworth, Nash – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Individuals with greater cognitive abilities generally show reduced rates of mind-wandering when completing relatively demanding tasks (Randall, Oswald, & Beier, 2014). However, it is yet unclear whether elevated rates of mind-wandering among low-ability individuals are manifestations of deliberate, intentional episodes of mind-wandering…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Attention Control, Short Term Memory, Task Analysis
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Chen, Wenfeng; Ren, Naixin; Young, Andrew W.; Liu, Chang Hong – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The composite face paradigm (Young, Hellawell, & Hay, 1987) is widely used to demonstrate holistic perception of faces (Rossion, 2013). In the paradigm, parts from different faces (usually the top and bottom halves) are recombined. The principal criterion for holistic perception is that responses involving the component parts of composites in…
Descriptors: Human Body, Visual Stimuli, Responses, Gender Differences
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Meier, Matt E.; Smeekens, Bridget A.; Silvia, Paul J.; Kwapil, Thomas R.; Kane, Michael J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The association between working memory capacity (WMC) and the antisaccade task, which requires subjects to move their eyes and attention away from a strong visual cue, supports the claim that WMC is partially an attentional construct (Kane, Bleckley, Conway, & Engle, 2001; Unsworth, Schrock, & Engle, 2004). Specifically, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Individual Differences, Reaction Time, Cues
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Lin, Olivia Y.-H.; MacLeod, Colin M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three experiments investigated the learning of simple associations in a color-word contingency task. Participants responded manually to the print colors of 3 words, with each word associated strongly to 1 of the 3 colors and weakly to the other 2 colors. Despite the words being irrelevant, response times to high-contingency stimuli and to…
Descriptors: Associative Learning, Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Color
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Beyersmann, Elisabeth; Grainger, Jonathan – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Recent research investigating embedded stem priming effects with the masked priming paradigm and pseudoword primes (e.g., "quickify"--"quick") has shown that priming effects can be obtained even when the embedded target word is followed by a non-morphological ending (e.g., "quickald"--"quick"). Here we…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Language Processing, Semantics
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Racsmány, Mihály; Szollosi, Ágnes; Bencze, Dorottya – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The "testing effect" refers to the striking phenomenon that repeated retrieval practice is one of the most effective learning strategies, and certainly more advantageous for long-term learning, than additional restudying of the same information. How retrieval can boost the retention of memories is still without unanimous explanation. In…
Descriptors: Memory, Testing, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology)
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Bobadilla-Suarez, Sebastian; Love, Bradley C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Heuristics are simple, yet effective, strategies that people use to make decisions. Because heuristics do not require all available information, they are thought to be easy to implement and to not tax limited cognitive resources, which has led heuristics to be characterized as fast-and-frugal. We question this monolithic conception of heuristics…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Decision Making, Cognitive Processes, Attention Control
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Gollan, Tamar H.; Goldrick, Matthew – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The current study investigated the possibility that language switches could be relatively automatically triggered by context. "Single-word switches," in which bilinguals switched languages on a single word in midsentence and then immediately switched back, were contrasted with more complete "whole-language switches," in which…
Descriptors: Syntax, Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Speech Communication
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Boone, Alexander P.; Hegarty, Mary – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The paper-and-pencil Mental Rotation Test (Vandenberg & Kuse, 1978) consistently produces large sex differences favoring men (Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). In this task, participants select 2 of 4 answer choices that are rotations of a probe stimulus. Incorrect choices (i.e., foils) are either mirror reflections of the probe or…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Cognitive Tests
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Zhao, Mintao; Bülthoff, Isabelle – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Humans' face ability develops and matures with extensive experience in perceiving, recognizing, and interacting with faces that move most of the time. However, how facial movements affect 1 core aspect of face ability--holistic face processing--remains unclear. Here we investigated the influence of rigid facial motion on holistic and part-based…
Descriptors: Human Body, Visual Perception, Motion, Holistic Approach
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Pierce, Benton H.; Gallo, David A.; McCain, Jason L. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Initial learning can interfere with subsequent learning (proactive interference [PI]), but recent work indicates initial testing can reduce PI. Here, we tested 2 alternative hypotheses of this effect: Does testing reduce PI by constraining retrieval to the target list, or by facilitating a postretrieval monitoring process? Participants first…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Memory, Information Retrieval, Recall (Psychology)
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Corey, Joanna D.; Hayakawa, Sayuri; Foucart, Alice; Aparici, Melina; Botella, Juan; Costa, Albert; Keysar, Boaz – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Though moral intuitions and choices seem fundamental to our core being, there is surprising new evidence that people resolve moral dilemmas differently when they consider them in a foreign language (Cipolletti et al., 2016; Costa et al., 2014a; Geipel et al., 2015): People are more willing to sacrifice 1 person to save 5 when they use a foreign…
Descriptors: Moral Issues, Values, Decision Making, Emotional Response
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