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Acee, Taylor W.; Weinstein, Claire Ellen; Hoang, Theresa V.; Flaggs, Darolyn A. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
We discuss task-value interventions as one type of relevance intervention and propose a process model of value reappraisal whereby task-value interventions elicit cognitive-affective responses that lead to attitude change and in turn affect academic outcomes. The model incorporates a metacognitive component showing that students can intentionally…
Descriptors: Models, Reflection, Intervention, Academic Achievement
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Walkington, Candace; Bernacki, Matthew L. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Instruction can be made relevant to students when it draws upon and utilizes their interests, experiences, and "funds of knowledge" in productive ways to support classroom learning. This approach has been referred to as "context personalization." In this paper, we discuss the cognitive basis of personalization interventions,…
Descriptors: Individualized Instruction, Instructional Design, Relevance (Education), Cognitive Processes
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Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Aelterman, Nathalie; De Muynck, Gert-Jan; Haerens, Leen; Patall, Erika; Reeve, Johnmarshall – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Central to self-determination theory (SDT) is the notion that autonomously motivated learning relates to greater learning benefits. While learners' intrinsic motivation has received substantial attention, learners also display volitional learning when they come to endorse the personal meaning or self-relevance of the learning task. In Part I of…
Descriptors: Self Determination, Theories, Learning Motivation, Personal Autonomy
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Hartwell, Matthew; Kaplan, Avi – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
This paper presents findings from a two-phase mixed methods study investigating the phenomenological structure of self-relevance among ninth-grade junior high school biology students (Phase 1: N = 118; Phase 2: N = 139). We begin with a phenomenological multidimensional definition of self-relevance as comprising three dimensions: the academic…
Descriptors: Mixed Methods Research, Junior High School Students, Biology, Science Instruction
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Nagengast, Benjamin; Brisson, Brigitte M.; Hulleman, Chris S.; Gaspard, Hanna; Häfner, Isabelle; Trautwein, Ulrich – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
An emerging literature demonstrates that relevance interventions, which ask students to produce written reflections on how what they are learning relates to their lives, improve student learning outcomes. As part of a randomized evaluation of a relevance intervention (N = 1,978 students from 82 ninth-grade classes), we used Complier Average Causal…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Intervention, Relevance (Education), Reflection
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Priniski, Stacy J.; Hecht, Cameron A.; Harackiewicz, Judith M. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Personal relevance goes by many names in the motivation literature, stemming from a number of theoretical frameworks. Currently these lines of research are being conducted in parallel with little synthesis across them, perhaps because there is no unifying definition of the relevance construct within which this research can be situated. In this…
Descriptors: Relevance (Education), Models, Student Interests, Expectation
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Osana, Helena P.; Przednowek, Katarzyna; Cooperman, Allyson; Adrien, Emmanuelle – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
The effects of prior encodings of manipulatives (red and blue plastic chips) on children's ability to use them as representations of quantity were tested. First graders (N = 73) were assigned to four conditions in which the encoding of plastic chips was experimentally manipulated. All children then participated in an addition activity that relied…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Manipulative Materials, Cognitive Processes
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Cordewener, Kim A. H.; Hasselman, Fred; Verhoeven, Ludo; Bosman, Anna M. T. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
This study examined the role of instruction for spelling performance and spelling consciousness in the Dutch language. Spelling consciousness is the ability to reflect on one's spelling and correct errors. A sample of 115 third-grade spellers was assigned to a strategy-instruction, strategic-monitoring, self-monitoring, or control condition…
Descriptors: Spelling Instruction, Spelling, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
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McNeish, Daniel – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Some IRT models can be equivalently modeled in alternative frameworks such as logistic regression. Logistic regression can also model time-to-event data, which concerns the probability of an event occurring over time. Using the relation between time-to-event models and logistic regression and the relation between logistic regression and IRT, this…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Nonparametric Statistics, Item Response Theory, Regression (Statistics)
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Ning, Ling; Luo, Wen – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Piecewise GMM with unknown turning points is a new procedure to investigate heterogeneous subpopulations' growth trajectories consisting of distinct developmental phases. Unlike the conventional PGMM, which relies on theory or experiment design to specify turning points a priori, the new procedure allows for an optimal location of turning points…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Models, Classification, Comparative Analysis
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Huang, Francis L. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Studies analyzing clustered data sets using both multilevel models (MLMs) and ordinary least squares (OLS) regression have generally concluded that resulting point estimates, but not the standard errors, are comparable with each other. However, the accuracy of the estimates of OLS models is important to consider, as several alternative techniques…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Least Squares Statistics, Regression (Statistics), Comparative Analysis
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Klapproth, Florian; Kärchner, Henrike; Glock, Sabine – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
The results of two experiments demonstrate that preservice teachers made biased school-placement recommendations depending on student's ethnicity, which on average penalized students from an ethnic minority. Moreover, additional information that was supposed to disconfirm ethnic stereotypes (religious affiliation in Experiment 1, number of missed…
Descriptors: Religion, Beliefs, Preservice Teachers, Ethnicity
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Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; Patrick, Helen; Strati, Anna; Watson, Jesse S. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
We investigated the premise that observation measures of instruction are indicators of effective teaching, using the definition of effectiveness articulated by departments of education: teaching that boosts student achievement. We argued that student motivation is equally as important as achievement in the evaluation of teaching effectiveness…
Descriptors: Observation, Teacher Effectiveness, Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers
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Assor, Avi; Feinberg, Ofra; Kanat-Maymon, Yaniv; Kaplan, Haya – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
This paper presents and examines the first school change program focusing on violence and caring based on self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2012). The program aimed at promoting teachers' capacity to cope with violence and enhance caring without becoming more controlling. Comparisons of the effects of a 22-month-long program in three…
Descriptors: Violence, Intervention, Coping, Caring
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Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Lin, Shuqiong; Gao, Zan; Francis, Xueying – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
Two hundred forty-six students (132 boys, 114 girls) were tracked from fifth to eighth grades, and changes in gender stereotypes about running as a male sport, running performance, interest in running, and intention for future running participation were assessed. Results revealed that neither sex held gender stereotypes about running as a male…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Sex Stereotypes, Sex Role, Student Interests
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