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Betancur, Laura; Rottman, Benjamin Margolin; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Schunn, Christian – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Small differences in course sequencing may have broad effects on undergraduate science learning. In the current research, we developed an analytical approach for assessing questions about course sequencing using educational data sets, and we applied it to questions about the Psychology major. This study examined the relationships between student…
Descriptors: Psychology, College Curriculum, Academic Achievement, Grades (Scholastic)
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Yeo, Darren J.; Fazio, Lisa K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Testing (having students recall material) and worked examples (having students study a completed problem) are both recommended as effective methods for improving learning. The two strategies rely on different underlying cognitive processes and thus may strengthen different types of learning in different ways. Across three experiments, we examine…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Recall (Psychology), Problem Solving, Learning Processes
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Schneider, Sascha; Häßler, Alexandra; Habermeyer, Tanja; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The inclusion of human-like shapes like arms or faces in rather abstract pictures triggers the tendency of anthropomorphism, which is defined as the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman objects. Anthropomorphism-triggering features in digital learning materials were found to enhance the performance of students. However, the probability…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Prior Learning, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes
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Roseth, Cary J.; Lee, You-kyung; Saltarelli, William A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Jigsaw is a peer learning procedure based on the assumption that making "children treat each other as resources" (Aronson & Patnoe, 2011, p. 8) stimulates cooperation among equals. Using a short-term, longitudinal experimental design in 14 sections of an undergraduate human anatomy laboratory, we contrasted this perspective with the…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Peer Teaching, Social Psychology, Interpersonal Competence
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Phillips Galloway, Emily; Uccelli, Paola – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Although many adolescents struggle to comprehend text, the school-relevant language skills, which might contribute to variation in reading comprehension ability during this developmental period, remain understudied. To expand the research base, this study examines the concurrent development of academic language skills and reading comprehension in…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Language Skills, Reading Comprehension, English Language Learners
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Collie, Rebecca J.; Martin, Andrew J.; Nassar, Natasha; Roberts, Christine L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Relatively little attention has been given to understanding different social and emotional behavior (SEB) profiles among students and their links to important educational outcomes. We applied latent profile analysis to identify SEB profiles among kindergarten students based on five SEBs: cooperative, socially responsible, helpful, anxious, and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Profiles, Student Behavior, Social Behavior
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Neuman, Susan B.; Wong, Kevin M.; Flynn, Rachel; Kaefer, Tanya – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
This article reports on two studies designed to examine the landscape of online streamed videos, and the features that may support vocabulary learning for low-income preschoolers. In Study 1, we report on a content analysis of 100 top language- and literacy-focused educational media programs streamed from five streaming platforms. Randomly…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Educational Media, Low Income Students, Preschool Children
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Cash, Anne H.; Debnam, Katrina J.; Waasdorp, Tracy E.; Wahl, Mary; Bradshaw, Catherine P. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
As students transition into adolescence they are often permitted greater independence in nonclassroom settings within schools and thus the opportunities for problem behaviors increase. However, nonclassroom settings can also provide an opportunity for students and school staff to engage in informal yet positive interactions. This paper aimed to…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Informal Education, Predictor Variables
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Daumiller, Martin; Dickhäuser, Oliver; Dresel, Markus – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Achievement goals of university instructors for teaching were examined. We investigated the structure of these goals, the stability of this structure across different groups of instructors, and the relations of these goals to teaching-related outcomes. Achievement goals, positive affect, attitudes toward help, and self-reported teaching quality…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Goal Orientation, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries
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Hoogerheide, Vincent; Renkl, Alexander; Fiorella, Logan; Paas, Fred; van Gog, Tamara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Recent findings show that after studying a text, teaching the learned content on video to a fictitious peer student improves learning more than restudying the content. This benefit may be in part due to increased arousal associated with the teaching activity. The present experiment investigated whether teaching on video is also effective for…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Spencer, Mercedes; Wagner, Richard K.; Petscher, Yaacov – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The present study examined the reading comprehension and receptive vocabulary skills of children with poor reading comprehension despite adequate decoding using a regression-based matching technique. Participants included five cohorts of children who were identified as typical readers (N = 70,493 - 75,553) or as children with specific reading…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading)
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Thoemmes, Felix; Biddle, Nicholas – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The Negative Year in School Effect (NYiSE) claims that grade-relative-to-age influences academic self-concept. Being young for your grade is associated with lower self-concept, whereas being old for your grade is associated with higher self-concept. We extend this research in several ways. First, we aim to improve causal claims for the NYiSE by…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Age Differences, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Schneider, Sascha; Dyrna, Jonathan; Meier, Luis; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Decorative pictures, which make a learning text aesthetically appealing rather than provide information, have been predominantly found to impair learning by an increase of learning-irrelevant cognitive processes. Recent research, however, indicates that this effect is moderated by various factors. On the basis of cognitive-affective theories and…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Instructional Materials
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Wang, Fuxing; Li, Wenjing; Mayer, Richard E.; Liu, Huashan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The goal of the present study is to determine how to incorporate social cues such as gesturing in animated pedagogical agents (PAs) for online multimedia lessons in ways that promote student learning. In 3 experiments, college students learned about synaptic transmission from a multimedia narrated presentation while their eye movements were…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Multimedia Instruction, Cues, Nonverbal Communication
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Schneider, Sascha; Nebel, Steve; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
When people attribute human characteristics to nonhuman objects they are amenable to anthropomorphism. For example, human faces or the insertion of personalized labels are found to trigger anthropomorphism. Two studies examine the effects of these features when included in decorative pictures in multimedia learning materials. In a first…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Multimedia Materials, Instructional Materials, College Students
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