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Journal of Educational…2
Murphy, Joseph2
Hallinger, Philip1
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Murphy, Joseph; And Others – Journal of Educational Administration, 1987
Investigates the nature of administrative control in 12 instructionally effective school districts in California. Nine control functions are assumed to affect student outcomes by influencing curriculum and instruction. Findings from interviews with superintendents revealed more district-level control of principal behavior and site activity than…
Descriptors: Administrative Policy, Administrator Role, Centralization, Elementary Secondary Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Murphy, Joseph; Hallinger, Philip – Journal of Educational Administration, 1986
Superintendents in 12 instructionally effective California school districts were interviewed and documents were analyzed for coordination of instructional activities management. Results suggest that these superintendents are more active "instructional managers" than expected. A uniform picture of instructional coordination is not…
Descriptors: Administrator Responsibility, Administrator Role, Instructional Leadership, Leadership Styles