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Gee, Kevin A. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Children from certain racial and ethnic minority backgrounds, in poverty, and/or with a disability, often face distinct challenges in attending school, leading them to miss more school relative to their non-minority, more socio-economically advantaged and non-disabled peers. This brief describes these disparities in absenteeism in the US,…
Descriptors: Attendance, Disproportionate Representation, Race, Ethnicity
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Lenhoff, Sarah Winchell; Pogodzinski, Ben – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Chronic absenteeism in K-12 schools is strongly associated with critical educational outcomes such as student achievement and graduation. Yet, the causes of chronic absenteeism are complex, with environmental, family/individual, and school factors all affecting the likelihood of a student attending school regularly. This exploratory study examines…
Descriptors: Attendance, Elementary Secondary Education, Organizational Effectiveness, Public Schools
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Susman-Stillman, Amy; Englund, Michelle M.; Storm, Karen J.; Bailey, Ann E. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Preschool attendance problems negatively impact children's school readiness skills and future school attendance. Parents are critical to preschoolers' attendance. This study explored parental barriers and solutions to preschool attendance in low-income families. School-district administrative data from a racially/ethnically diverse sample of…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Attendance, Preschool Education, Barriers
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Smythe-Leistico, Kenneth; Page, Lindsay C. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Poor school attendance in the early grades is predictive of poor subsequent educational outcomes. We report on a pilot intervention aiming to reduce chronic absenteeism in kindergarten. We designed and implemented a two-way, text-based parent-school communication system to encourage daily attendance, provide parents with personalized feedback on…
Descriptors: Synchronous Communication, Handheld Devices, Attendance, Parent Participation
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Fuhs, Mary Wagner; Nesbitt, Kimberly Turner; Jackson, Hannah – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Investments in preschool programs for children from disadvantaged backgrounds have historically been supported by research showing that these programs help children build school readiness skills and narrow the income-achievement gap. However, results from recent studies of the links between preschool participation and increases in school readiness…
Descriptors: Attendance, Preschool Children, Executive Function, Cognitive Development
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Ansari, Arya; Purtell, Kelly M. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Using nationally representative data from the Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 Cohort (n = 2,798), this study examined patterns of absenteeism and their consequences through the transition to kindergarten. Overall, children were less likely to be absent in kindergarten than from Head Start at ages 3 and 4. Absenteeism was fairly stable…
Descriptors: Attendance, Kindergarten, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Education
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Childs, Joshua; Grooms, Ain A. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Chronic absenteeism is often referred to as a problem hidden in plain sight (Chang & Romero, 2008). In recent years, more communities around the United States have been intentional on improving student attendance and limiting the impact of chronic absenteeism. Using qualitative interviews, we sought to understand how one community was…
Descriptors: Attendance, Educational Cooperation, Urban Schools, School Districts
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Conry, Jillian M.; Richards, Meredith P. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Since the Common School era, states have maintained truancy laws to ensure that students attend school. However, we know little about the severity of these laws and their relationship to student outcomes, particularly absenteeism. In this study, we survey state education statutes to document the severity of truancy policies. We estimate the…
Descriptors: Truancy, State Policy, Attendance, School Law
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Hancock, Kirsten J.; Mitrou, Francis; Taylor, Catherine L.; Zubrick, Stephen R. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
The risk factors associated with absenteeism are well known. However, children's exposure to combinations of risks and how these relate to absence patterns remains unclear. Understanding variations in risk profiles among persistently non-attending children will inform the development of absence interventions. Using a longitudinal sample of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Attendance, Elementary School Students, Risk
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Balfanz, Robert; Byrnes, Vaughan – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Following a 2008 report that documented the extent of chronic absenteeism in New York City's schools, the city organized an interagency task force to develop and implement a citywide effort to reduce chronic absenteeism. Given the size of the city school system and the scope of chronic absenteeism, the effort became the nation's most comprehensive…
Descriptors: Attendance, Urban Schools, Public Schools, Agency Cooperation
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Dougherty, Shaun M. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Each iteration of high stakes accountability has included requirements to include measures of attendance in their accountability programs, thereby increasing the salience of this measure. Researchers too have turned to attendance and chronic absence as important outcomes in evaluations and policy studies. Often, too little attention is paid to the…
Descriptors: Attendance, Measurement, Models, Statistical Analysis
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Hutt, Ethan L. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
In this article, the author highlights a recurrent issue related to the historical measurement and use of attendance data: The challenge of producing uniform and reliable records on school attendance. Comparing this issue in the late 1800s to nearly two centuries later, he observes that while the capacity for record keeping and analysis has…
Descriptors: Attendance, Records (Forms), Average Daily Attendance, Attendance Patterns
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Welsh, Richard O. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Mobile students and absent students are important subsets of at-risk students in schools and districts nationwide. As such, student mobility and school absenteeism are two challenges in K-12 education with significant policy and equity implications. Although both issues are at the nexus of schooling and society and there is an apparent overlap in…
Descriptors: Attendance, Student Mobility, Correlation, At Risk Students
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Balu, Rekha; Ehrlich, Stacy B. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Accumulating evidence indicates that student attendance is closely tied to a range of educational outcomes, and yet millions of students are chronically absent each year. Under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), schools are now held accountable for their students' attendance at a scale this country has never before seen. As such, this is a…
Descriptors: Incentives, Models, Design, Attendance
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Duke, Daniel L. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2017
Reports on the low achievement of African American students tend to focus on Black-White achievement gaps. This study draws from official reports that also consider within-race achievement differences. An argument is presented that within-race comparisons are likely to reveal important causal factors that may go unnoticed when between-race…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, Achievement Gap, Racial Differences, African American Students
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