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Journal of Education and Work607
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Bates, Inge – Journal of Education and Work, 1998
Although General National Vocational Qualifications purport to empower students through transfer-of-learning responsibility, a case study shows students used freedom for their own purposes but resisted the burden of managing their own work. In resisting empowerment, students may in fact be exercising power. (SK)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Empowerment, Foreign Countries, Personal Autonomy
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Howieson, Cathy; And Others – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Comparison of Scottish and English attempts to unify academic and vocational education shows the English concept to be more political, radical, and focused on critique of the existing system. In Scotland, the concept of a unified system is more consensual and specific, but less visionary. (SK)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Comparative Education, Educational Change, Educational Policy
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Sultana, Ronald G. – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Examines employers' expectations and demands for education in Malta and their underlying motives of status differentiation and worker socialization. Suggests ways in which educators can evaluate and respond to these demands. (SK)
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Employer Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Influences
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Moore, Rob; Trenwith, John – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Explores how an advertising degree course had to be positioned between competing definitions of valid and relevant, academic and experiential knowledge. Locates the issues within the context of credential inflation--credentials become worth less as more people acquire them. (SK)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Business Education, Credentials, Educational Change
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Harrison, Jennifer K.; Lawson, Tony – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Survey data from 225 student teachers, 45 coordinators, and 130 tutors at Leicester University (England) revealed how Individual Action Planning helped solve logistical and instructional problems. Its effective use depended on the relationship between tutors and student teachers. (SK)
Descriptors: Cooperating Teachers, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Individualized Instruction
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Robertson, David – Journal of Education and Work, 1998
Britain's University for Industry is proposed as a 21st-century version of the Open University, intended to stimulate training innovations through a national learning network using communications technologies. It is likely to succeed only by sponsoring a demand-led training culture and an accessible infrastructure. (SK)
Descriptors: Computer Networks, Educational Demand, Educational Supply, Foreign Countries
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Ogbonna, Emmanuel; Noon, Mike – Journal of Education and Work, 1998
Interviews with 56 managers and 85 ethnic minority trainees in Britain found that ethnic minorities are less successful in employment outcomes. Training providers often fail to recognize and respond to disadvantage, and contractual arrangements with Training and Enterprise Councils inhibit positive action. Increased policy reliance on market…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Employment Practices, Equal Education, Ethnic Groups
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Lucas, Rosemary; Lammont, Norma – Journal of Education and Work, 1998
Interviews with 150 working and 50 nonworking secondary and postsecondary students in Britain found that, although financial need was an initial motivation, working becomes habitual and normative. Most learn to adjust to work and study demands. Work enables the acquisition of transferable interpersonal skills, even in poorly rewarded jobs. (SK)
Descriptors: Education Work Relationship, Foreign Countries, Full Time Students, Higher Education
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Halsall, Rob; Owen, Ray; Harrison, Ian – Journal of Education and Work, 1998
A study of British 14-25 year-olds (745 in high school, 72 in postsecondary, and 64 unemployed) found that qualifications were highly valued by all groups; most wanted further education and training but faced financial and domestic barriers; many welcomed flexible learning opportunities but existing provision was limited. Flexible learning needed…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Educational Attainment, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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Steedman, Hilary – Journal of Education and Work, 1998
Comparison of training and qualifications in engineering and construction in Germany and Britain showed that National Vocational Qualifications have not improved training activity in Britain. Britain lags behind Germany in production of intermediate engineering skills and craft qualifications in the building trades. (SK)
Descriptors: Construction Industry, Employment Qualifications, Engineering, Foreign Countries
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Finegold, David; Levine, David I. – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Many features of organizational environments discourage high-skill workplaces and training investments. Both public and private sectors can improve measurement of investment in people by identifying reliable and valid indicators, using benchmarks, and promoting certification of high-skilled workers. (SK)
Descriptors: Benchmarking, Evaluation Methods, Government Role, Incentives
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Hyland, Terry; Matlay, Harry – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Interviews with 2,000 owners of small and medium-sized enterprises in England found low awareness of and low value accorded to National Vocational Qualifications. Owners identified the crucial importance of the quality of incubator training to the formation of training policy. (SK)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Job Training, Personnel Policy, Small Businesses
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Rees, Gareth – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
The relationship between vocational education/training (VET) and economic growth is complex. In less-advantaged regions with low skill levels, employers may adopt strategies accommodating low skills, creating a vicious circle. A more proactive strategy may be hindered by the new VET system in Britain. (SK)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Labor Needs
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Saunders, Lesley; And Others – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
A study examined the impact of four objectives of work-related curriculum for British 14-16 year olds: knowledge of the world of work, skill development, motivation, and career planning. Effectiveness depended on full integration of work-related curriculum into the general curriculum, appropriate progression, and school-business collaboration. (SK)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Career Education, Career Planning
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Fitzsimons, Patrick – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
A study of the recently established private training sector in New Zealand identified issues related to accreditation, funding, equity, and teacher working conditions. It concluded that the government's focus on "perpetual training" neglects the social, cultural, and political context and emphasizes behaviorism. It also increases…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Government Role, Private Sector, Proprietary Schools
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