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Journal of Education and Work551
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Hyland, Terry; Matlay, Harry – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Interviews with 2,000 owners of small and medium-sized enterprises in England found low awareness of and low value accorded to National Vocational Qualifications. Owners identified the crucial importance of the quality of incubator training to the formation of training policy. (SK)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Job Training, Personnel Policy, Small Businesses
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Rees, Gareth – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
The relationship between vocational education/training (VET) and economic growth is complex. In less-advantaged regions with low skill levels, employers may adopt strategies accommodating low skills, creating a vicious circle. A more proactive strategy may be hindered by the new VET system in Britain. (SK)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Labor Needs
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Saunders, Lesley; And Others – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
A study examined the impact of four objectives of work-related curriculum for British 14-16 year olds: knowledge of the world of work, skill development, motivation, and career planning. Effectiveness depended on full integration of work-related curriculum into the general curriculum, appropriate progression, and school-business collaboration. (SK)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Career Education, Career Planning
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Fitzsimons, Patrick – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
A study of the recently established private training sector in New Zealand identified issues related to accreditation, funding, equity, and teacher working conditions. It concluded that the government's focus on "perpetual training" neglects the social, cultural, and political context and emphasizes behaviorism. It also increases…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Government Role, Private Sector, Proprietary Schools
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Schuller, Tom; Raffe, David; Clark, Ian – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Responses from 556 part-time students in two universities and two further education colleges in Scotland found that 81% were employed full time; 62% had mixed personal and vocational motivations; and considerable fee support from employers was offset by a decline in released time for study. (SK)
Descriptors: Employer Employee Relationship, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Higher Education
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Rudd, Peter – Journal of Education and Work, 1997
Review of school-to-work transition theories indicated the following: (1) theories previously based on socialization and structuralism now include individual choice and subjectivity; (2) individualization and postmodernism are increasingly important; and (3) the interface between individual agency, choice, and subjectivity needs further…
Descriptors: Education Work Relationship, Individualism, Locus of Control, Postmodernism
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Gopinathan, S. – Journal of Education and Work, 1999
Examines new developments in the global and regional economy and the impact of the East Asian economic crisis on Singapore. Assesses changes being made in the Singaporean educational system to meet the demand for skilled labor. (SK)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Educational Change, Foreign Countries, Job Skills
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Ihm, Chon Sun – Journal of Education and Work, 1999
Korean economic development has been supported by early investment in public vocational education and training and a labor-force planning approach. Recent policy reforms emphasize quality and lifelong learning. Late-century economic changes signal a need to reassess the centralized employment-projections approach. (SK)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Foreign Countries
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Keep, Ewart – Journal of Education and Work, 1999
In Britain, a "third way" to labor-force development (between U.S. deregulation and the German dual system) includes flexible labor markets and supply-side interventions. However, National Vocational Qualifications and other elements of the British system rely on outmoded concepts of work organization and skills. The third way is likely…
Descriptors: Competition, Foreign Countries, Job Skills, Labor Force Development
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Fevre, Ralph; Rees, Gareth; Gorard, Stephen – Journal of Education and Work, 1999
Based on research in South Wales, a sociological theory of participation in education and training is developed, identifying types of orientations: functional avoidance, instrumental credentialism, and vocational transformation. The inclusion of sociological insights in human-capital development policy is recommended. (SK)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Job Training, Motivation
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Lauder, Hugh – Journal of Education and Work, 1999
Comparison of national policies in South Korea, Singapore, and Britain to respond to low-skills equilibria (self-reinforcing institutions that stifle demand for skill improvements) shows that different responses stem from national differences in supply/demand and the differential impact of globalization due to the individual economic and social…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Competition, Economic Development, Foreign Countries
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