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ERIC Number: EJ1381167
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2023-Feb
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2089-9823
EISSN: EISSN-2302-9277
Create Multiple-Choice Tests Based on Experimental Activities to Assess Students' 21st Century Skills in Heat and Heat Transfer Topic
Illene, Sherlin; Feranie, Selly; Siahaan, Parsaoran
Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), v17 n1 p44-57 Feb 2023
Currently, we are facing the rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT) that characterizes the 21st century. Challenges, problems, life, and careers in the 21st century can be successfully faced if we master the 21st century skills. However, nowadays it is still very rare to develop a 21st century skill measurement model, so it is necessary to develop test instruments to measure 21st century skills. The development of test instruments to measure 21st century skills in Indonesia is still very open by paying attention to the clarity of the instrument in describing real phenomena and complete data as material for problem solving. Based on the description above, the researchers developed a multiple-choice test based on experimental activities to measure students' 21st century skills which are creativity, critical thinking, collaboration, communication (4Cs) in heat and heat transfer using research and development (R&D) methods with the analyze, design, develop, implement, and evaluate (ADDIE) stage. Development begins with conducting literature and field studies, designing and making videos of experiment activities, compiling open-ended questions, distributing them to 12th graders of science, analyzing answers based on references, developing answer options, developing multiple choice tests, conducting validation by experts, and testing limited to students. The product of this research is expected to be used by educators and students for independent learning activities or as an example to develop multiple choice tests based on experimental activities to measure 21st century skills in other physics materials and other subjects.
Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. C5 Plumbon, Banguntapan, Yogyakarta, 55198, Indonesia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A