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ERIC Number: EJ1266572
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2020-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2089-9823
Barriers of Information Communication Technology (ICT) Adoption in Botswana's Primary Education
Mogwe, Alpheus Wanano; Balotlegi, Peloyame Ambrocia
Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), v14 n2 p217-226 May 2020
Information communication technology is essential for any organisation to stay competitive, and in the education sector it has helped in enhancing modern ways of learning and teaching; therefore helping in delivering high quality education and preparing students for the information and technology era. Studies have acknowledged its importance from early primary education to that of a positive impact. However, Botswana's primary education system hardly adopts and use it despite the country's government promotion of its adoption, and efforts channeled to promoting its usage. Therefore, this study sought to understand barriers associated with its adoption in primary education in Botswana with a view of recommending ways to fortify its adoption. The research followed the quantitative approach, with a questionnaire distributed in selected primary schools. Findings indicated a low rate of ICT utilisation, lack of basic ICT skills, lack of infrastructure amongst the key barriers to ICT adoption and utilisation in the primary education system. In conclusion there is need of implementation of policies enforcing adoption and utilisation of information communication technology and the need of involvement of all stakeholders to be involved to promote it. Lastly rigorous training to have qualified personnel to spearhead the adoption and utilisation is essential.
Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. C5 Plumbon, Banguntapan, Yogyakarta, 55198, Indonesia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Botswana
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A