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Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Feng, Yuan – Journal of Education, 1999
Examines the relationship between National College Entrance Examinations and political centralism in China's higher education, presenting a history of this system and describing its purposes, characteristics, influence on K-12 education, strengths and limitations, and future. Recognizes how this system serves the political needs of commoners and…
Descriptors: College Bound Students, College Entrance Examinations, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Shen, Anping – Journal of Education, 1994
Discusses teacher education reform and development during the Chinese Reform Era since 1978, and explains why it is so difficult to implement reforms in China. The author focuses on preservice teacher education provided at teachers' colleges or normal universities and the shift of China's resources and attention away from teacher preparation. (GR)
Descriptors: Chinese, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History