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Jenkins, Lyndsay N.; Nickerson, Amanda B. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The Bystander Intervention Model proposed by social psychologists Latané and Darley has been used to examine the actions of peer bystanders in bullying. The five-stage model consists of notice the event, interpret event as an emergency, accept responsibility for intervening, know how to intervene, and implement intervention decisions. The current…
Descriptors: Audiences, Intervention, Bullying, Role
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Gatz, Jennifer; Kelly, Angela M.; Clark, Sheri L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study explored the effects of a middle school physical activity intervention for adolescent girls on the executive functioning involved in science learning. The girls, ages 11 to 14, were at risk for low self-esteem, sedentary lifestyle, and poor health outcomes. Executive function stems from interdependent cognitive control processes that…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Middle School Students, Females, Executive Function
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Hill, Julie C.; Graber, Julia A.; Jean-Baptiste, Esther; Johnson, Kelly J. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Adolescents' attitudes predict sexual behavior; therefore, attitudes are targeted in sexually transmitted infection (STI) and pregnancy prevention programs. However, attitudes and behaviors do not always align. Young adolescents who have had penile vaginal intercourse (PVI) and have attitudes supportive of PVI have two risk factors for future…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Rural Areas, Adolescent Attitudes, Prediction
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Wachs, Sebastian; Bilz, Ludwig; Niproschke, Saskia; Schubarth, Wilfried – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
To date, little has been known about teachers' success in bullying interventions. Thus, the present study analyzes how successfully teachers intervene in real bullying situations, based on an analysis of 1,996 reports by German students aged between 12 and 15 (49.2% female) from 24 schools. Predictors of success included intervention strategy…
Descriptors: Bullying, Intervention, Student Attitudes, Foreign Countries
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Mazzone, Angela; Yanagida, Takuya; Caravita, Simona C. S.; Strohmeier, Dagmar – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The complex temporal associations among moral disengagement, moral emotions, and aggressive behavior were investigated within a short-term four-wave longitudinal study in a sample of early adolescents (at T1: N = 245; M[subscript age] = 12.16 years; SD = 0.85). Moral disengagement and aggressive behavior were investigated by validated self-report…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Aggression, Longitudinal Studies, Psychological Patterns
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Vera, Elizabeth; Hill, Lincoln; Daskalova, Plamena; Chander, Natasha; Galvin, Sarah; Boots, Tonya; Polanin, Megan – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Despite what we have learned about the causes and consequences of bullying, efforts to reduce bullying through interventions to date have yielded modest results. Most bullying prevention efforts have targeted perpetrators and victims, ignoring the powerful role that observers play in maintaining cycles of bullying. This article presents literature…
Descriptors: Youth, Models, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication
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DiClemente, Cara M.; Rice, Catherine M.; Quimby, Dakari; Richards, Maryse H.; Grimes, Cordelia T.; Morency, Mirinda M.; White, Candice D.; Miller, Kevin M.; Pica, Jason A., II. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
Exposure to violence (ETV) poses a serious threat to adolescents' safety and well-being; however, some adolescents who grow up in such toxic environments are able to thrive due to a combination of internal and external characteristics. The current study examines the role of cohesion across contexts (i.e., family, school, and community) as…
Descriptors: Violence, Urban Areas, African Americans, Resilience (Psychology)
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Garrido, Edward F.; Weiler, Lindsey M.; Taussig, Heather N. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with health-risk behaviors in general samples of adults and adolescents. The current study examined the association between ACEs and these behaviors among a high-risk sample of early adolescents. Five hundred fifteen 9- to 11-year-old children placed in foster care due to maltreatment were…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Health Behavior, Age Differences, Gender Differences
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Harris, LaNita W.; Cheney, Marshall K. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
A systematic literature review was conducted to assess the utility of Positive Youth Development (PYD) concepts in promoting positive sexual health behaviors in young minority adolescents (n = 12 studies). Interventions reported significant associations between PYD-focused interventions and ever having sex, sexual partners in the last 30 days,…
Descriptors: Intervention, Risk, Health Behavior, Socioeconomic Status
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Moilanen, Kristin L.; Leary, Janie M.; Watson, S. Michelle; Ottley, Jason – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
We investigated how family characteristics and experiences during early adolescence predicted timing of sexual initiation. In addition, we investigated adolescent sex and race/ethnicity as potential moderating factors. As part of the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1979 (CNLSY-79), 799 adolescents aged 12 to 15 years provided…
Descriptors: Prediction, Age Differences, Sexuality, Decision Making
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Kaufman, Carol E.; Schwinn, Traci M.; Black, Kirsten; Keane, Ellen M.; Big Crow, Cecelia K.; Shangreau, Carly; Tuitt, Nicole R.; Arthur-Asmah, Ruth; Morse, Bradley – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
We assessed the effectiveness of a culturally grounded, multimedia, sexual risk reduction intervention called Circle of Life (mCOL), designed to increase knowledge and self-efficacy among preteen American Indians and Alaska Natives. Partnering with Native Boys and Girls Clubs in 15 communities across six Northern Plains reservations, we conducted…
Descriptors: Sexuality, American Indian Students, Health Behavior, Partnerships in Education
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Wu, Anise M. S.; Lau, Joseph T. F.; Cheng, Kit-man; Law, Rita W.; Tse, Vincent W. S.; Lau, Mason M. C. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
Internet addiction (IA) is prevalent among adolescents and imposes a serious public health threat. Familial risk and protective factors may co-exist and interact with each other to determine IA. We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 9,618 Secondary 1 to 4 students in Hong Kong, China. About 16% of the surveyed students were classified as…
Descriptors: Risk, Addictive Behavior, Multivariate Analysis, Intervention
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Ho, Rainbow T. H.; Lai, Angel H. Y.; Lo, Phyllis H. Y.; Nan, Joshua K. M.; Pon, Alicia K. L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
A year after the earthquake in Sichuan, China, a strength-based arts and play support program was launched to promote the well-being of young survivors, and this study was designed to examine its effectiveness. It was hypothesized that participation in the program would have direct positive effects on general self-efficacy and peer support, and…
Descriptors: Natural Disasters, Victims, Art Education, Play
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Olvera, Norma; McCarley, Kendall; Matthews-Ewald, Molly R.; Fisher, Felicia; Jones, Martinque; Flynn, Erika G. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
This study investigated the direct and indirect effects of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors in predicting disordered eating behaviors in girls with overweight/obesity. A total of 135 Hispanic and African American girls ([x-bar][subscript age] = 11.13 ± 1.54 years) completed surveys assessing the desire to be thinner, peer…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, African Americans, Females, Eating Disorders
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Jessar, Allison J.; Hamilton, Jessica L.; Flynn, Megan; Abramson, Lyn Y.; Alloy, Lauren B. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
The present study examined whether emotional abuse and neglect differentially predicted decreases in emotional clarity, and whether emotional clarity, in turn, predicted increases in depressive symptoms. Participants included 204 early adolescents (52% African American; 54% female; M age = 12.85 years) who completed four assessments with measures…
Descriptors: Antisocial Behavior, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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