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Cutuli, J. J.; Herbers, Janette E. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
As an introduction to this special issue, we define resilience as the capacity of a dynamic system to adapt successfully to threatening circumstances, and we briefly note the history of resilience studies as embedded within the broader field of developmental science. We then elaborate on four developmental principles central for the study of…
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), Adolescent Development, Early Adolescents, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Kupzyk, Kevin A.; Beal, Sarah J. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
In order to investigate causality in situations where random assignment is not possible, propensity scores can be used in regression adjustment, stratification, inverse-probability treatment weighting, or matching. The basic concepts behind propensity scores have been extensively described. When data are longitudinal or missing, the estimation and…
Descriptors: Probability, Longitudinal Studies, Data, Computation
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Sulis, Isabella; Toland, Michael D. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
Item response theory (IRT) models are the main psychometric approach for the development, evaluation, and refinement of multi-item instruments and scaling of latent traits, whereas multilevel models are the primary statistical method when considering the dependence between person responses when primary units (e.g., students) are nested within…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Item Response Theory, Psychometrics, Evaluation Methods
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Hamre, Bridget K.; Cappella, Elise – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
This special issue highlights recent research on measures of early adolescents' development and the school contexts in which they spend their time. We are particularly interested in measures with direct application--providing actionable data to teachers, principals, parents, school counselors, or the students themselves, in ways that promote…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Early Adolescents, Measures (Individuals), Educational Environment
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Gehlbach, Hunter – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
As pressure builds to assess students, teachers, and schools, educational practitioners and policy makers are increasingly looking toward student perception surveys as a promising means to collect high-quality, useful data. For instance, the widely cited Measures of Effective Teaching study lists student perception surveys as one of the three key…
Descriptors: Surveys, Evaluation Methods, Early Adolescents, Student Evaluation
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Gregory, Anne; Mikami, Amori Yee – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
The growing use of systematic, empirically tested observational frameworks in school-based research is crucial for increasing the replicability and generalizability of findings across settings. That said, observations are often mistakenly assumed to be the "gold standard" assessment, without more nuanced discussions about the best uses…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Observation, Educational Research, Adolescent Development
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McCormick, Meghan P.; Cappella, Elise – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
A wide body of research has documented the relationship between social norms and individual behaviors. There is growing evidence that academic behaviors in early adolescence--when most children begin middle school--may be subject to normative influence as well. However, the structure and composition of peer relationships within middle schools have…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Social Networks, Social Behavior, Correlation
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Fan, Xitao; Sun, Shaojing – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
In adolescence research, the treatment of measurement reliability is often fragmented, and it is not always clear how different reliability coefficients are related. We show that generalizability theory (G-theory) is a comprehensive framework of measurement reliability, encompassing all other reliability methods (e.g., Pearson "r,"…
Descriptors: Generalizability Theory, Measurement, Reliability, Correlation
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Beal, Sarah J.; Kupzyk, Kevin A. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
The use of propensity scores as a method to promote causality in studies that cannot use random assignment has increased dramatically since its original publication in 1983. While the utility of these approaches is important, the concepts underlying their use are complex. The purpose of this article is to provide a basic tutorial for conducting…
Descriptors: Probability, Statistical Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Statistical Bias
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Tofighi, Davood; Thoemmes, Felix – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
Mediation analysis is a statistical approach used to examine how the effect of an independent variable on an outcome is transmitted through an intervening variable (mediator). In this article, we provide a gentle introduction to single-level and multilevel mediation analyses. Using single-level data, we demonstrate an application of structural…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Predictor Variables, Structural Equation Models, Computation
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Toland, Michael D. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
Item response theory (IRT) is a psychometric technique used in the development, evaluation, improvement, and scoring of multi-item scales. This pedagogical article provides the necessary information needed to understand how to conduct, interpret, and report results from two commonly used ordered polytomous IRT models (Samejima's graded…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Measures (Individuals), Early Adolescents, Research
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Peugh, James L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
Applied early adolescent researchers often sample students (Level 1) from within classrooms (Level 2) that are nested within schools (Level 3), resulting in data that requires multilevel modeling analysis to avoid Type 1 errors. Although several articles have been published to assist researchers with analyzing sample data nested at two levels, few…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Research, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Data Analysis
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Macek, Petr; Ježek, Stanislav; Vazsonyi, Alexander T. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2013
The paper introduces a set of four studies focused on adolescents in the Czech Republic. In the first part, authors reflect on the cultural background, the political, social, and psychological factors that have had influence on several generations of adolescents in the period of the communist totalitarian regime. They also describe the social…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Social Change, Social Influences
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Swahn, Monica H. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2012
The current special issue brings together intriguing and important cross-country comparisons of issues pertinent to early adolescence that can inform the design and implementation of broader and relevant public health prevention strategies. The findings illustrate the importance of cross-country analyses for better understanding a range of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Life Satisfaction, Prevention, Public Health
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Ryan, Allison M. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2011
Motivation, engagement, and achievement decline for many children during early adolescence. There is increasing attention to the role peer relationships play in changes in academic adjustment during this stage of life. The articles in this special issue advance knowledge on this topic. This introductory article provides an overview of the articles…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Student Adjustment, Peer Relationship, Academic Achievement
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