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Jenkins, Lyndsay N.; Nickerson, Amanda B. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The Bystander Intervention Model proposed by social psychologists Latané and Darley has been used to examine the actions of peer bystanders in bullying. The five-stage model consists of notice the event, interpret event as an emergency, accept responsibility for intervening, know how to intervene, and implement intervention decisions. The current…
Descriptors: Audiences, Intervention, Bullying, Role
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Cappella, Elise; Schwartz, Kate; Hill, Jennifer; Kim, Ha Yeon; Seidman, Edward – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study evaluates the effect of attending a U.S. public middle or junior high school as compared with a K-8 school on eighth graders' academic and psychosocial outcomes. In a national sample, we conducted propensity score weighted regression analysis. Initial findings indicated that for eighth-grade students, attending a middle or junior high…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 8, Academic Achievement, Competence
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Chung, Sara; Zhou, Qing; Eisenberg, Nancy; Wolchik, Sharlene – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Given the increasing societal concerns about youth's mental health problems in the context of rapid sociocultural changes in urban China, studying the links of appraisals and coping to Chinese children's adjustment can inform cultural adaptations of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions for this population. In a school-based sample of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preadolescents, Elementary School Students, Adolescent Attitudes
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Duchesne, Stéphane; Larose, Simon; Feng, Bei – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine seeking help from teachers as a mechanism mediating the relationship between achievement goals adopted by students early in the school year and their degree of behavioral and cognitive engagement in academic work almost 2 years later. A sample of 456 French Canadian students (215 boys; 240 girls;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Learner Engagement
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Laurent, Jeff; Roome, Aaron; Catanzaro, Salvatore J.; Mearns, Jack; Harbke, Colin – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE) represent people's beliefs that they can use behaviors and cognitions to alleviate unpleasant emotional states. The relationship between NMRE and measures of affect, coping, depression, and anxiety with youth in Grades 4 through 8 (N = 539) was examined. In hierarchical regressions, scores on an NMRE…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response, Self Control, Affective Behavior
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Poirier, Martine; Temcheff, Caroline E.; Déry, Michèle; Toupin, Jean; Verlaan, Pierrette; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Youth with conduct problems present frequently depressive symptoms. Academic skills are thought to be a mediating variable by which conduct problems could lead to depressive symptoms. No studies have longitudinally compared this model among school-aged boys and girls with different levels of conduct problems. Cascade models were tested to examine…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Academic Ability, Behavior Problems, Children
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Hsieh, Yi-Ping; Yen, Lee-Lan – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study examines three parenting behaviors (support, involvement, and harsh control) in predicting children's loneliness and aggression across developmental transitions to adolescence in a Taiwanese sample. Two cohorts (n = 4,990) were followed for 5 years: a younger cohort (first-graders, 51.5%) and an older cohort (fourth-graders). Multilevel…
Descriptors: Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Predictor Variables, Psychological Patterns
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Gatz, Jennifer; Kelly, Angela M.; Clark, Sheri L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study explored the effects of a middle school physical activity intervention for adolescent girls on the executive functioning involved in science learning. The girls, ages 11 to 14, were at risk for low self-esteem, sedentary lifestyle, and poor health outcomes. Executive function stems from interdependent cognitive control processes that…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Middle School Students, Females, Executive Function
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Hsu, Anna S.; Chen, Chuansheng; Greenberger, Ellen – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten cohort (ECLS-K), this study aimed to identify body mass index (BMI) trajectories from kindergarten to eighth grade using group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM), examine the relationships between BMI trajectories and adolescents' school achievement (reading and math), determine…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Academic Achievement, Body Composition, Affective Behavior
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Tu, Kelly M.; Spencer, Clayton W.; El-Sheikh, Mona; Erath, Stephen A. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study examined the prospective association between peer victimization and subjective sleep quality among typically developing early adolescents. At Time 1 (T1), participants included 123 youth (50% boys; X-bar age = 12.03 years; 58.5% European American, 35% African American), along with one parent and teacher. Youth, parents, and teachers…
Descriptors: Peer Groups, Bullying, Sleep, Correlation
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Hill, Julie C.; Graber, Julia A.; Jean-Baptiste, Esther; Johnson, Kelly J. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Adolescents' attitudes predict sexual behavior; therefore, attitudes are targeted in sexually transmitted infection (STI) and pregnancy prevention programs. However, attitudes and behaviors do not always align. Young adolescents who have had penile vaginal intercourse (PVI) and have attitudes supportive of PVI have two risk factors for future…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Rural Areas, Adolescent Attitudes, Prediction
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Meiser, Susanne; Esser, Günter – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
To provide further insight into stress generation patterns in boys and girls around puberty, this study investigated longitudinal reciprocal relations between depressive symptoms, dysfunctional attitudes, and stress generation, the process by which individuals contribute to the occurrence of stress in interpersonal contexts (e.g., problematic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Stress Variables, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Espinoza, Guadalupe; Schacter, Hannah; Juvonen, Jaana – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Although research has shown that peer victimization is related to negative school outcomes, whether ethnic ingroup size alters victimization-adjustment links is unclear. This study examines whether smaller ethnic ingroup representation amplifies the negative associations between peer victimization and school adjustment. We also examine whether…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Victims, Social Adjustment, Student Adjustment
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Kwon, Jin-Sook; Park, Sihyun – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Menarche is one of the most important transitions for women. Perceptions of menarche play an important role in this transition process and appear to be influenced strongly by culture. The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of menarche among female adolescents in South Korea. Fifty-three female students' essays and drawings…
Descriptors: Physiology, Females, Developmental Stages, Essays
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Nelson, Andrew A.; Brown, Christia Spears – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Sexualized gender stereotypes (SGS) are commonly endorsed by adolescent girls. These stereotypes include the notion that girls can enhance their social status by prioritizing their sexualized attractiveness, which necessitates downplaying other traits such as intelligence. According to the stereotype emulation hypothesis, a girl will be more…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Females, Social Influences, Student Motivation
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