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Coyle, Karin K.; Guinosso, Stephanie A.; Glassman, Jill R.; Anderson, Pamela M.; Wilson, Helen W. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
This article examines the relationship between exposure to violence, fear of exposure to violence, and sexual risk among a sample of urban middle school youth. The sample included 911 seventh-grade students who completed self-report surveys. Approximately 20% of the sample reported at least one direct threat or injury with a weapon in the past 3…
Descriptors: Violence, Sexuality, At Risk Persons, Fear
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Stanton, Cassandra A.; Highland, Krista B.; Tercyak, Kenneth P. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2016
Children with low socioeconomic status and ethnic minorities experience disproportionate risk of elevated depressive symptoms. This study examines the effects of risk/protective factors for depressive symptoms among multiethnic urban preadolescents. Eighth graders (N = 463; 34% African American, 29% Hispanic, 17% White, and 20% Other/Mixed; 23%…
Descriptors: Smoking, Physical Activity Level, At Risk Persons, Depression (Psychology)
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Ruzek, Erik A.; Domina, Thurston; Conley, AnneMarie M.; Duncan, Greg J.; Karabenick, Stuart A. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
Value-added (VA) models measure teacher contributions to student learning and are increasingly employed in educational reform efforts. Using data from 35 seventh-grade teachers and 2,026 students across seven schools, we employ VA methods to measure teacher contributions to students' motivational orientations (mastery and performance achievement…
Descriptors: Teacher Influence, Academic Achievement, Grade 7, Mathematics Achievement