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ERIC Number: EJ1211835
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-May
Pages: 36
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Double Standards or Social Identity? The Role of Gender and Ethnicity in Ability Perceptions in the Classroom
Kisfalusi, Dorottya; Janky, Béla; Takács, Károly
Journal of Early Adolescence, v39 n5 p745-780 May 2019
This study aims at disentangling the effects of status generalization and social identity processes on ability perceptions among early adolescents. Double standards theory predicts that people use different standards for making inferences about others' abilities based on social status. Social identity processes, however, imply that people evaluate in-group members more positively than out-group members. We analyze cross-sectional dyadic peer nomination data from 21 primary school classes in Hungary (N = 392, X-bar [subscript age] = 13 years) with exponential random graph models. Next to ethnic self-identification, we use dyadic ethnic perceptions as a novel way of measuring ethnicity in the analysis. Our findings are mostly in line with social identity theory: Students are more likely to nominate in-group peers as clever compared with classmates from the out-group, in terms of both gender and ethnicity. Nonetheless, ethnic and gender biases in ability perceptions differ in some important ways.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hungary