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Cappella, Elise; Schwartz, Kate; Hill, Jennifer; Kim, Ha Yeon; Seidman, Edward – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study evaluates the effect of attending a U.S. public middle or junior high school as compared with a K-8 school on eighth graders' academic and psychosocial outcomes. In a national sample, we conducted propensity score weighted regression analysis. Initial findings indicated that for eighth-grade students, attending a middle or junior high…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 8, Academic Achievement, Competence
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Duchesne, Stéphane; Larose, Simon; Feng, Bei – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine seeking help from teachers as a mechanism mediating the relationship between achievement goals adopted by students early in the school year and their degree of behavioral and cognitive engagement in academic work almost 2 years later. A sample of 456 French Canadian students (215 boys; 240 girls;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Learner Engagement
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Zorza, Juan P.; Marino, Julián; Acosta Mesas, Alberto – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
In this study, we explored the predictive role of behavioral measures of Executive Functions (EFs) and a self-report measure of Effortful Control (EC) on the academic performance of early adolescents. We also analyzed the mediating role of self-reported empathy and social behavior rated by peers (i.e., prosocial behavior and social preference) and…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Executive Function, Measurement Techniques, Social Behavior
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Hsu, Anna S.; Chen, Chuansheng; Greenberger, Ellen – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten cohort (ECLS-K), this study aimed to identify body mass index (BMI) trajectories from kindergarten to eighth grade using group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM), examine the relationships between BMI trajectories and adolescents' school achievement (reading and math), determine…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Academic Achievement, Body Composition, Affective Behavior
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Vaillancourt, Marie Claire; Oliveira Paiva, Alexandra; Véronneau, Marie-Hélène; Dishion, Thomas J. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study examined the mediating effect of friends' characteristics (problem behavior and academic achievement) in the association between students' background (family and individual factors) and later academic adjustment, as operationalized by problem behavior and academic achievement. We recruited 998 participants in three public middle schools…
Descriptors: Friendship, Early Adolescents, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement
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Scrimin, Sara; Moscardino, Ughetta; Finos, Livio; Mason, Lucia – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study investigated early adolescents' psychophysiological response to a school-related stressor (SRS) as indexed by heart rate variability and examined the unique and interactive effects of heart rate variability and temperament on academic achievement. A total of 91 seventh graders watched an SRS video-clip while their heart rate variability…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Stress Variables, Video Technology, Metacognition