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Cappella, Elise; Schwartz, Kate; Hill, Jennifer; Kim, Ha Yeon; Seidman, Edward – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study evaluates the effect of attending a U.S. public middle or junior high school as compared with a K-8 school on eighth graders' academic and psychosocial outcomes. In a national sample, we conducted propensity score weighted regression analysis. Initial findings indicated that for eighth-grade students, attending a middle or junior high…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 8, Academic Achievement, Competence
Cappella, Elise; Hughes, Diane L.; McCormick, Meghan P. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2017
Children in late elementary and middle school tend to form friendships with same-race peers. Yet, given the potential benefits of cross-race friendships, it is important to understand the individual and contextual factors that increase the likelihood of cross-race friendship over time. Guided by contact hypothesis and systems theory, we examine…
Descriptors: Racial Relations, Friendship, Behavior Problems, Elementary School Students
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Hamre, Bridget K.; Cappella, Elise – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
This special issue highlights recent research on measures of early adolescents' development and the school contexts in which they spend their time. We are particularly interested in measures with direct application--providing actionable data to teachers, principals, parents, school counselors, or the students themselves, in ways that promote…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Early Adolescents, Measures (Individuals), Educational Environment
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McCormick, Meghan P.; Cappella, Elise – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
A wide body of research has documented the relationship between social norms and individual behaviors. There is growing evidence that academic behaviors in early adolescence--when most children begin middle school--may be subject to normative influence as well. However, the structure and composition of peer relationships within middle schools have…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Social Networks, Social Behavior, Correlation
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McCormick, Meghan P.; Cappella, Elise; Hughes, Diane L.; Gallagher, Emily K. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
Peers become increasingly influential in children's development during late childhood and early adolescence. A large body of research has documented children's proclivity for forming friendships with peers who share similar attributes to themselves, a phenomenon termed homophily. Researchers have used multiple procedures to operationalize…
Descriptors: Friendship, Measures (Individuals), Test Validity, Elementary School Students