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Jenkins, Lyndsay N.; Nickerson, Amanda B. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The Bystander Intervention Model proposed by social psychologists Latané and Darley has been used to examine the actions of peer bystanders in bullying. The five-stage model consists of notice the event, interpret event as an emergency, accept responsibility for intervening, know how to intervene, and implement intervention decisions. The current…
Descriptors: Audiences, Intervention, Bullying, Role
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Duchesne, Stéphane; Larose, Simon; Feng, Bei – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine seeking help from teachers as a mechanism mediating the relationship between achievement goals adopted by students early in the school year and their degree of behavioral and cognitive engagement in academic work almost 2 years later. A sample of 456 French Canadian students (215 boys; 240 girls;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Learner Engagement
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Laurent, Jeff; Roome, Aaron; Catanzaro, Salvatore J.; Mearns, Jack; Harbke, Colin – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE) represent people's beliefs that they can use behaviors and cognitions to alleviate unpleasant emotional states. The relationship between NMRE and measures of affect, coping, depression, and anxiety with youth in Grades 4 through 8 (N = 539) was examined. In hierarchical regressions, scores on an NMRE…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response, Self Control, Affective Behavior
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Gatz, Jennifer; Kelly, Angela M.; Clark, Sheri L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study explored the effects of a middle school physical activity intervention for adolescent girls on the executive functioning involved in science learning. The girls, ages 11 to 14, were at risk for low self-esteem, sedentary lifestyle, and poor health outcomes. Executive function stems from interdependent cognitive control processes that…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Middle School Students, Females, Executive Function
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Hill, Julie C.; Graber, Julia A.; Jean-Baptiste, Esther; Johnson, Kelly J. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Adolescents' attitudes predict sexual behavior; therefore, attitudes are targeted in sexually transmitted infection (STI) and pregnancy prevention programs. However, attitudes and behaviors do not always align. Young adolescents who have had penile vaginal intercourse (PVI) and have attitudes supportive of PVI have two risk factors for future…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Rural Areas, Adolescent Attitudes, Prediction
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Espinoza, Guadalupe; Schacter, Hannah; Juvonen, Jaana – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Although research has shown that peer victimization is related to negative school outcomes, whether ethnic ingroup size alters victimization-adjustment links is unclear. This study examines whether smaller ethnic ingroup representation amplifies the negative associations between peer victimization and school adjustment. We also examine whether…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Victims, Social Adjustment, Student Adjustment
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Nelson, Andrew A.; Brown, Christia Spears – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Sexualized gender stereotypes (SGS) are commonly endorsed by adolescent girls. These stereotypes include the notion that girls can enhance their social status by prioritizing their sexualized attractiveness, which necessitates downplaying other traits such as intelligence. According to the stereotype emulation hypothesis, a girl will be more…
Descriptors: Sex Stereotypes, Females, Social Influences, Student Motivation
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Salomon, Ilyssa; Brown, Christia Spears – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
Social media use among adolescents continues to increase each year. This cross-sectional study explored how the amount of time spent using social media and the frequency of specific behaviors on social media, namely, behaviors that involve self-objectification, were related to body surveillance and body shame among a sample of early adolescents (N…
Descriptors: Social Media, Early Adolescents, Human Body, Self Concept
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Bae, Hwa-ok; Choo, Hyekyung; Lim, ChaeYoung – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study compared bullying experiences between ethnic minority youth and Korean majority youth in South Korea, and examined whether the student-teacher relationship is associated with their bullying experiences. Participants comprised 148 ethnic minority students and 165 Korean majority students in Grades 4 to 11 in South Korea. Bivariate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Racial Bias, Ethnicity
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Vaillancourt, Marie Claire; Oliveira Paiva, Alexandra; Véronneau, Marie-Hélène; Dishion, Thomas J. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study examined the mediating effect of friends' characteristics (problem behavior and academic achievement) in the association between students' background (family and individual factors) and later academic adjustment, as operationalized by problem behavior and academic achievement. We recruited 998 participants in three public middle schools…
Descriptors: Friendship, Early Adolescents, Middle School Students, Academic Achievement
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Caleon, Imelda S.; Wui, Ma. Glenda L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This two-wave study examined the cross-lagged relations between teacher-student relatedness (student-teacher communication, teacher trust, and teacher alienation) and reading achievement of academically at-risk secondary students (N = 787) in Singapore. Compared with the cohort, these students had lower aggregate scores in a national examination…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Reading Achievement, At Risk Students, Secondary School Students
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Scrimin, Sara; Moscardino, Ughetta; Finos, Livio; Mason, Lucia – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study investigated early adolescents' psychophysiological response to a school-related stressor (SRS) as indexed by heart rate variability and examined the unique and interactive effects of heart rate variability and temperament on academic achievement. A total of 91 seventh graders watched an SRS video-clip while their heart rate variability…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Stress Variables, Video Technology, Metacognition
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DiClemente, Cara M.; Rice, Catherine M.; Quimby, Dakari; Richards, Maryse H.; Grimes, Cordelia T.; Morency, Mirinda M.; White, Candice D.; Miller, Kevin M.; Pica, Jason A., II. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
Exposure to violence (ETV) poses a serious threat to adolescents' safety and well-being; however, some adolescents who grow up in such toxic environments are able to thrive due to a combination of internal and external characteristics. The current study examines the role of cohesion across contexts (i.e., family, school, and community) as…
Descriptors: Violence, Urban Areas, African Americans, Resilience (Psychology)
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Garcia, Antonio R.; Metraux, Stephen; Chen, Chin-Chih; Park, Jung Min; Culhane, Dennis P.; Furstenberg, Frank F. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
Youth who receive services from public mental health, child welfare and delinquency, and homeless systems are often exposed to a number of overlapping child, family, school, and community risk factors. Minimal research, however, has focused on the extent to which single- or multiple-system involvement influences school dropout. Relying on an…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
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Marengo, Davide; Rabaglietti, Emanuela; Tani, Franca – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2018
The present study investigated the stability of friendship nominations over the course of a school year as a function of early adolescents' and their classroom best friends' internalizing symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety, and somatization). Sample consisted of 156 early adolescents (57.1% female; X-bar age = 12.62; SD = 0.62) involved in 78…
Descriptors: Friendship, Prediction, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Depression (Psychology)
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