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Berman, Barbara A.; Streja, Leanne; Guthmann, Debra S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Little research has focused on alcohol and illicit drug use among deaf and hard of hearing youth. Findings are reported from survey data collected among high school students at two phases of a program of research primarily focusing on tobacco use [Phase 1: (1999/2000) n = 226, Phase 2: (2004) n = 618). Evidence of considerable ever (lifetime)…
Descriptors: Special Schools, Partial Hearing, Deafness, Drug Use
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Dadich, Ann – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Self-Help Support Groups (SHSGs) for substance use issues are recognized in current policies for their role in reducing substance use. However, these policies recognize only their therapeutic value. This article argues that SHSGs can offer more than therapeutic advantage. This contention follows a study involving young people who were involved in…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Therapy, Substance Abuse, Public Policy
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Park, Sunhee; Weaver, Terri E.; Romer, Daniel – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Although smoking initiation is rare in young adulthood, the progression to a higher level of smoking still occurs at this developmental stage. Thus, this study was aimed at exploring predictors of the transition from experimental to daily smoking in late teens and young adults using the 2nd and 3rd waves from the National Longitudinal Study of…
Descriptors: Behavior Theories, Ethnicity, Grade Point Average, Smoking
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DeSantis, Alan; Noar, Seth M.; Webb, Elizabeth M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Qualitative methods were used to investigate the use of nonmedical Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) stimulants by fraternity members. The primary goal of the study was to determine students' levels of understanding and motivations for use of these Schedule II controlled substances. Seventy-nine in-depth interviews were conducted.…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Reading Comprehension, Stimulants, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Belgrave, Faye Z.; Johnson, Jessica; Nguyen, Anh; Hood, Kristina; Tademy, Raymond; Clark, Trenette; Nasim, Aashir – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Tobacco is a leading contributor to morbidity and mortality and a primary reason for health disparities among African Americans. In this study we explore the role of stress in smoking and cultural factors that protect against stress among African-American adolescents. Our sample consisted of 239 youth who were recruited into the study while…
Descriptors: African Americans, Smoking, Prevention, Risk
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Sussman, Steve; Sun, Ping; Gunning, Melissa; Moran, Meghan B.; Pokhrel, Pallav; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Most peer group self-identification research has been conducted in the United States. This article examined the generalizability of self-identified group name research among teens in Ufa, a city in the Russian Federation. A cross-sectional, anonymous collection of data on group self-identification, drug use, addiction concern, sensation seeking,…
Descriptors: Drug Use, Identification (Psychology), Adolescents, Peer Groups
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Garcia-Rodriguez, Olaya; Suarez-Vazquez, Rosa; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Fernandez-Hermida, Jose R. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The objectives of the present study were to analyze the pattern of tobacco use among Spanish adolescents, as well as to determine gender differences in specific risk factors of cigarette use. The study sample was made up of 1,483 boys and 1,358 girls, aged 12-16 (M = 14). Participants were asked to answer an "ad-hoc" instrument to…
Descriptors: Smoking, Measures (Individuals), Prevention, Risk
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Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M.; Reingle, Jennifer M.; Tobler, Amy L.; Komro, Kelli A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Alcoholic beverage consumption among high school students has shifted from beer to liquor. The current longitudinal study examined the effects of beverage-specific alcohol use on drinking behaviors among urban youth. Data included 731 adolescents who participated in Project Northland Chicago and reported consuming alcohol in 7th grade. Logistic…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Drinking, Adolescents, High School Students
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Peterson, Emily Bylund; Thomsen, Steven; Lindsay, Gordon; John, Kevin – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The objective of this study was determine if the inclusion of Canadian-style graphic images would improve the degree to which adolescents attend to, and subsequently are able to recall, novel warning messages in tobacco magazine advertising. Specifically, our goal was to determine if the inclusion of graphic images would 1) increase visual…
Descriptors: Smoking, Eye Movements, Attention, Adolescents
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Ybrandt, Helene – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The aim of the study was to examine risk and vulnerability factors contributing to problems with alcohol use in adolescence. Data relating to seven life areas (medical status, school status, social relationships, family background and relationships, psychological functioning, legal involvement, and alcohol use) was gathered using the ADAD…
Descriptors: Family Characteristics, Drug Abuse, Drinking, Risk
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Comello, Maria Leonora G.; Slater, Michael D. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
We report on research--both quantitative and qualitative--conducted to explore perceptions of prototypes of marijuana users, as well as the extent to which self-prototype congruence predicted marijuana use intention. Results of a survey of undergraduates (N = 139) showed that prototypes of users and non-users differed in terms of key attributes,…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Prevention, Focus Groups, Intention
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Brown, Joel H.; Jean-Marie, Gaetane; Beck, Jerome – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Despite a 50-year interdisciplinary and longitudinal research legacy--showing that nearly 80% of young people considered most "at risk" thrive by midlife--only recently have practitioners/researchers engaged in the explicit, prospective facilitation of "resilience" in educational settings. Here, theory/knowledge distinguishing…
Descriptors: Social History, Drug Education, Young Adults, Foreign Countries
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LaBrie, Joseph W.; Kenney, Shannon R.; Lac, Andrew – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The present study examined the moderating role of health status (physical, mental, and social health) and the relationships between protective behavioral strategies utilized to reduce high-risk drinking (e.g., avoiding drinking games, setting consumption limits, or having a designated driver) and alcohol use and negative consequences in a sample…
Descriptors: College Students, Health Conditions, Physical Health, Drinking
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Lewis, Todd F.; Mobley, A. Keith – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Many college students are using substances at levels consistent with Substance Abuse or Dependence, yet little explanation for this phenomenon exits. The aim of this study was to explore a risk factor profile that best separates those with low and high potential for having a Substance Use Disorder (SUD). A discriminant function analysis revealed…
Descriptors: College Students, Probability, Campuses, Substance Abuse
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Hecht, Michael L.; Elek, Elvira; Wagstaff, David A.; Kam, Jennifer A.; Marsiglia, Flavio; Dustman, Patricia; Reeves, Leslie; Harthun, Mary – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This study assessed the immediate and short-term outcomes of adapting a culturally-grounded middle school program, "keepin' it REAL", for elementary school students. After curriculum adaptation, 10 schools were randomly assigned to the intervention in 5th grade with follow-up boosters in 6th grade; 13 schools were randomly assigned to the control…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Curriculum Development, School Activities, Intervention
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