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Duncan, Susan C.; Gau, Jeff M.; Duncan, Terry E.; Strycker, Lisa A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined alcohol use development from ages 13-20 years. The sample comprised 256 youth (50.4% female; 51.2% White, 48.8% African American) assessed annually for 6 years. A cohort-sequential latent growth model was used to model categorical alcohol use (non-use vs. use). Covariates included gender, race, income, parent marital status,…
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, Cohort Analysis
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Collins, David; Abadi, Melissa Harris; Johnson, Knowlton; Shamblen, Steve; Thompson, Kirsten – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This article examines prevalence of non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) in a sample of elementary and high school students in an Appalachian Tennessee county. We found that lifetime prevalence of NMUPD (35%) was higher than prevalence of cigarette use (28%) and marijuana use (17%), but lower than lifetime prevalence of alcohol use (46%).…
Descriptors: Incidence, Prevention, Risk, High School Students
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Butler, Adam B.; Spencer, Desiree; Dodge, Kama – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
There is little empirical evidence linking academic demands or rigor to alcohol consumption by college students. In a 3-week daily study of full-time college students at a public, residential campus in the United States, both current day and next day's academic demands were negatively related to alcohol consumption, and these relationships were…
Descriptors: Evidence, College Students, Drinking, Correlation
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Park, Hee Sun; Smith, Sandi; Klein, Katherine A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined estimation and accuracy of normative perceptions for students during one celebratory drinking occasion. Students who drank on St. Patrick's Day overestimated the percentage of others who also drank, whereas the students who did not drink on St. Patrick's Day underestimated the percentage of others who also did not drink. The…
Descriptors: Drinking, Student Behavior, College Students, Student Attitudes
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Vincus, Amy A.; Ringwalt, Chris; Harris, Melissa S.; Shamblen, Stephen R. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
We present the short-term results of a quasi-experimental evaluation of the revised D. A. R. E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) curriculum. Study outcomes examined were D. A. R. E.'s effects on three substances, namely students' lifetime and 30-day use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana, as well as their school attendance and academic…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Elementary School Curriculum, Intervention, Drug Education
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Hansen, William B. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Drug prevention efforts in elementary schools are widespread. Nonetheless, there are clear challenges that both researchers and practitioners face. Because there may be occasional unintended negative outcomes--statistically these are guaranteed--does not mean all prevention efforts should grind to a halt. It is far better that any observed…
Descriptors: Prevention, Drug Use, Drug Education, Elementary School Students
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Hansen, William B.; Bishop, Dana C.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Classroom behavior management interventions have been used successfully with drug prevention programs to prevent subsequent antisocial behavior and substance use among youth. This article presents results from implementation of the All Stars Challenge, a classroom-based behavior management component to a drug prevention program for fifth graders.…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Intervention, Antisocial Behavior, Prevention
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Hanley, Sean M.; Ringwalt, Chris; Ennett, Susan T.; Vincus, Amy A.; Bowling, J. Michael; Haws, Susan W.; Rohrbach, Louise A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Current guidelines for school-based substance use prevention suggest that prevention efforts should begin in elementary grades, before students begin using substances. Previous research suggests, however, that the use of evidence-based curricula in these grades may be low. Using a 2005 survey of public school districts in the United States that…
Descriptors: Elementary School Curriculum, Incidence, Prevention, Drug Education
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Sussman, Steve; Black, David S.; Rohrbach, Louise A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
School-based cigarette smoking prevention was initiated shortly after the first Surgeon General's Report in 1964. This article highlights a sequence of events by which school-based tobacco use prevention research developed as a science, and illustrates a pendulum effect, with confidence in tobacco use prevention increasing and decreasing at…
Descriptors: Smoking, Prevention, Case Studies, Public Health
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Broadus, Angela D.; Hartje, Joyce A.; Roget, Nancy A.; Cahoon, Kristy L.; Clinkinbeard, Samantha S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The following study, funded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), utilized the "Addiction Belief Inventory" (ABI; Luke, Ribisl, Walton, & Davidson, 2002) to examine addiction attitudes in a national sample of U.S. college/university faculty teaching addiction-specific courses (n = 215). Results suggest that addiction educators view…
Descriptors: Coping, Drug Abuse, Teaching Experience, Attitude Measures
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Strauss, Shiela M.; Harris, Gavin; Katigbak, Carina; Rindskopf, David M.; Singh, Sheena; Greenblum, Ilana; Brown, Lawrence S.; Kipnis, Steven; Kritz, Steven A.; Parrino, Mark W. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Alcohol-related problems are especially common among opioid treatment program (OTP) patients, suggesting that educating OTP patients about alcohol and its harmful effects needs to be a priority in OTPs. Using data collected in interviews with a nationwide U.S. sample of OTP directors (N = 200) in 25 states, we identified factors that differentiate…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Drinking, Patients, National Surveys
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Giles, Steven M.; Pankratz, Melinda M.; Ringwalt, Christopher; Hansen, William B.; Dusenbury, Linda; Jackson-Newsom, Julia – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The purpose of this study was to extend the literature in both substance use implementation and persuasive health communication by examining the extent to which students' need for cognition and impulsive decision-making moderated the relationship between teachers' classroom communication behavior and program outcomes in an evidence-based middle…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Prevention, Drinking, Decision Making
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Vidourek, Rebecca A.; King, Keith A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
A total of 7488 7th-12th grade African-American students completed a survey assessing factors associated with recent alcohol use. Results indicated that 13.6% used alcohol in the past month. A series of odds ratios revealed that making good grades, participating in school activities, attending church, and having parents/teachers talk about the…
Descriptors: School Activities, Health Personnel, Secondary School Students, Risk
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Hopfer, S.; Davis, D.; Kam, J. A.; Shin, Y.; Elek, E.; Hecht, M. L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
This article takes a systematic approach to reviewing substance use prevention programs introduced in elementary school (K-6th grade). Previous studies evaluating such programs among elementary school students showed mixed effects on subsequent substance use and related psychosocial factors. Thirty published evaluation studies of 24 elementary…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Drug Education
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Elek, Elvira; Wagstaff, David A.; Hecht, Michael L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
This study assessed the outcomes of adapting the culturally-grounded, middle school, substance-use prevention intervention, "keepin' it REAL" ("kiR"), to target elementary school students and to address acculturation. At the beginning of 5th grade, 29 schools were randomly assigned to conditions obtained by crossing grade of implementation (5th,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Intervention, Prevention, Acculturation
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