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Novik, Melinda G.; Boekeloo, Bradley O. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Objective: The current study examined the dimensionality of a protective behavioral strategies (PBS) measure among undergraduate, predominantly freshmen (92.5%) college students reporting recent alcohol use (n = 320). Method: Participants completed a web-based survey assessing 22 PBS items. Factor analyses determined the underlying factor…
Descriptors: Drinking, Factor Structure, Measures (Individuals), Factor Analysis
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Ringwalt, Christopher L.; Paschall, Mallie J.; Gitelman, Amy M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined the relationship between colleges' alcohol abuse prevention strategies and students' alcohol abuse and related problems. Alcohol prevention coordinators and first year students in 22 colleges reported whether their schools were implementing 48 strategies in six domains, and students (N = 2041) completed another survey…
Descriptors: Campuses, Prevention, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking
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Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L.; Shamblen, Stephen R.; Hanley, Sean M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Using a randomized controlled effectiveness trial, we examined the effects of Project SUCCESS on a range of secondary outcomes, including the program's mediating variables. Project SUCCESS, which is based both on the Theory of Reasoned Action and on Cognitive Behavior Theory, is a school-based substance use prevention program that targets…
Descriptors: Nontraditional Education, Control Groups, Behavior Theories, High School Students
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Roy, Elise; Godin, Gaston; Boudreau, Jean-Francois; Cote, Philippe-Benoit; Denis, Veronique; Haley, Nancy; Leclerc, Pascale; Boivin, Jean-Francois – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study aimed at examining the predictors of initiation into drug injection among street youth using social cognitive theory framework. A prospective cohort study based on semi-annual interviews was carried out. Psychosocial determinants referred to avoidance of initiation. Other potential predictors were: sociodemographic characteristics,…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Homeless People, Drug Abuse, Drinking
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Berman, Barbara A.; Guthmann, Debra S.; Liu, Weiqing; Streja, Leanne – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
We report results of a survey of tobacco education practices and perspectives among faculty at four Schools for the Deaf participating in the trial of a tailored tobacco prevention curriculum. Few faculty (20.4%) included tobacco use among the three most important health problems facing their students, although 88.8% considered tobacco education…
Descriptors: Smoking, Prevention, Deafness, Special Schools
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Marshall, Brenda L.; Roberts, Katherine J.; Donnelly, Joseph W.; Rutledge, Imani N. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Environmental strategies for colleges and universities to reduce alcohol consumption among their students include the development and enforcement of campus alcohol policies. This study examines students' knowledge and attitudes toward campus alcohol policies and how they relate to alcohol consumption and alcohol social norms. A sample of 422…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, Opinions, Behavior Modification, Alcohol Abuse
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Bingham, C. Raymond; Barretto, Andrea Ippel; Walton, Maureen A.; Bryant, Christopher M.; Shope, Jean T.; Raghunathan, Trivellore E. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study presents the results of an efficacy evaluation of a web-based brief motivational alcohol prevention/intervention program called "Michigan Prevention and Alcohol Safety for Students" (M-PASS). Four on-line sessions providing individually-tailored feedback were delivered to first-year college students over 9 weeks. Non- and…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Treatment, Feedback (Response), Control Groups, College Students
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Enyeart Smith, Theresa M.; Wessel, Maria T. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This project was significant in that it administered the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS), a health risk assessment, to a sample of students at three public universities in Virginia. Virginia was never included in the original or subsequent nationwide assessments using this instrument. This health risk assessment is…
Descriptors: College Students, Health Education, Universities, Health Promotion
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Feldman, Marc; Boyer, Bret; Kumar, V. K.; Prout, Maurice – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined the relationship between drug preference, drug use, drug availability, and personality among individuals (n = 100) in treatment for substance abuse in an effort to replicate the results of an earlier study (Feldman, Kumar, Angelini, Pekala, & Porter, 2007) designed to test prediction derived from Eysenck's (1957, 1967)…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Personality, Drug Rehabilitation
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Weiss, Jie Wu; Merrill, Vincent; Akagha, Kathy – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined associations between substance use, family functioning, and self-image among four ethnic adolescent groups. Three thousand three hundred and fifteen 8th and 9th grade students were recruited from 10 schools in Los Angeles County. Participants completed a paper-and-pencil survey regarding their alcohol and marijuana use, along…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Adolescents, Grade 8, Grade 9
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Byrnes, Hilary F.; Miller, Brenda A.; Chamratrithirong, Aphichat; Rhucharoenpornpanich, Orratai; Cupp, Pamela K.; Atwood, Katharine A.; Fongkaew, Warunee; Rosati, Michael J.; Chookhare, Warunee – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Due to concerns over Thai adolescent risky behaviors, effective prevention strategies are needed. Determining the role neighborhood context plays in program engagement and outcomes may inform these strategies. This study includes 170 mother-adolescent pairs (M = 13.44, SD = 0.52) in Bangkok, Thailand in a prevention program for adolescent…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Prevention, Social Control, Foreign Countries
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Fernandez-Calderon, Fermin; Lozano, Oscar M.; Vidal, Claudio; Ortega, Josefa Gutierrez; Vergara, Esperanza; Gonzalez-Saiz, Francisco; Bilbao, Izaskun; Caluente, Marta; Cano, Tomas; Cid, Francisco; Dominguez, Celia; Izquierdo, Emcarni; Perez, Maria I. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Drug use in mainstream rave parties has been widely documented in a large number of studies. However, not much is known about drug use in underground raves. The purpose of this study is to find out the polysubstance use patterns at underground raves. Two hundred and fifty-two young people between the ages of 18 and 30 who went to underground raves…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Drug Abuse, At Risk Persons, Late Adolescents
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Kulis, Stephen; Brown, Eddie F. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study explored the drug resistance strategies that urban American Indian adolescents consider the best and worst ways to respond to offers of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana. Focus group data were collected from 11 female and 9 male American Indian adolescents attending urban middle schools in the southwest. The youth were presented with…
Descriptors: Prevention, Urban American Indians, Focus Groups, Adolescents
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Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L.; Shamblen, Stephen R.; Hanley, Sean M.; Flewelling, Robert L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This exploratory study sought to determine if a popular school-based drug prevention program might be effective in schools that are making adequate yearly progress (AYP). Thirty-four schools with grades 6 through 8 in 11 states were randomly assigned either to receive Project ALERT (n = 17) or to a control group (n = 17); of these, 10 intervention…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Control Groups, Prevention, Educational Improvement
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Nguyen, Anh B.; Clark, Trenette T.; Belgrave, Faye Z. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
The current study proposed that empathy may indirectly play a protective role for adolescents in drug use behaviors and that this relationship will be mediated by self-regulatory strategies found in drug refusal efficacy. We predict that empathy will be linked to prosocial behavior and aggression, though we do not believe that they will mediate…
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Structural Equation Models, Self Efficacy, Drug Abuse
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