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Lisha, Nadra E.; Sun, Ping; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Spruijt-Metz, Donna; Unger, Jennifer B.; Sussman, Steve – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
The present study provides an implementation fidelity, process, and immediate outcomes evaluation of Project Towards No Drug Abuse (TND), a drug prevention program targeting continuation high school youth (n = 1426) at risk for drug abuse. A total of 24 schools participated in three randomized conditions: TND Only, TND and motivational…
Descriptors: Continuation Students, Prevention, Drug Abuse, Drug Use
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Davenport, Gillian; Midford, Richard; Ramsden, Robyn; Cahill, Helen; Venning, Lynne; Lester, Leanne; Murphy, Bernadette; Pose, Michelle – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
This study describes Australian year eight students' (13-14 years old) experiences with alcohol in terms of communication with parents, initiation into drinking, patterns of consumption, context of use, and harms experienced. The sample comprised 521 year eight students from four state government secondary schools in the state of Victoria. Three…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Supervision, State Government, Rural Education
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Pearson, Matthew R.; Kite, Benjamin A.; Henson, James M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
In the present study, we examined whether the use of protective behavioral strategies (PBS) mediates the effects of impulsivity-like traits on alcohol-related problems using a sample of 278 college students. Validating the 5-factor model of impulsivity, we showed that each impulsivity-like trait had a distinct pattern of relationships with PBS…
Descriptors: Conceptual Tempo, Behavior Modification, Drinking, College Students
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Ringwalt, Chris; Shamblen, Steven – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
Bullying is endemic in the nation's schools and takes a substantial toll on its victims' physical and social-emotional well-being. We assessed the association between specific reasons for which adolescents believe that they are targeted for bullying and their rates of various types of substance use by analyzing the association between…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Bullying, Victims, Adolescent Attitudes
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Workman, Judson W.; Moore, Dennis; Huber, Mary J.; Wilson, Josephine F.; Ford, Jo Ann; Kinzeler, Nicole; Mayer, Theresa – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
A unique Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug (ATOD) prevention program called "PALS" (Prevention through Alternative Learning Styles) was implemented with middle school students with the goal of enhancing student knowledge of the harmful effects of ATOD, promoting the use of refusal skills and reducing intentions to use ATOD in the future.…
Descriptors: Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Intention, Drinking
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Friese, Bettina; Grube, Joel W.; Moore, Roland S.; Jennings, Vanessa K. – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
Results from a qualitative study with parents about underage drinking are presented. Semistructured interviews (n = 44) were conducted with parents of teens to investigate whether and why parents permit underage drinking. Parents had three primary reasons for allowing underage drinking: deliberate, spontaneous, and harm reduction. Deliberate…
Descriptors: Drinking, Adolescents, Parent Attitudes, Child Rearing
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Giles, Steven M.; Pankratz, Melinda M.; Ringwalt, Chris; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Hansen, William B.; Bishop, Dana; Dusenbury, Linda; Gottfredson, Nisha – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
We examine whether teachers' communicator style relates to student engagement, teacher-student relationships, student perceptions of teacher immediacy, as well as observer ratings of delivery skills during the implementation of All Stars, a middle school-based substance use prevention program. Data from 48 teachers who taught All Stars up to 3…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Interpersonal Communication, Individual Characteristics, Substance Abuse
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Ostrowsky, Michael K. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Marijuana use and violent behavior are causing widespread public concern. This article reviews theory and research on the relation between marijuana use and aggressive/violent behavior. It is evident from the inconsistent findings in the literature that the exact nature of the relation remains unclear. This article identifies several possible…
Descriptors: Barriers, Violence, Aggression, Marijuana
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Scheier, Lawrence M.; Grenard, Jerry L.; Holtz, Kristen D. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study evaluated the efficacy of "Above the Influence" (ATI), a national media-based health persuasion campaign to deter youth drug use. The campaign uses public service anti-drug prevention messages and targets youth between the ages of 14 and 16, a period of heightened susceptibility to peer influences. The evaluation utilized mall…
Descriptors: Evidence, Advertising, Structural Equation Models, Drug Use
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Toomey, Traci L.; Miazga, Mark J.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Erickson, Darin J.; Winters, Ken C.; Nelson, Toben F. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
We assessed alcohol enforcement practices at 343 U.S. colleges via surveys of directors of campus law enforcement. We measured types and frequency of enforcement and barriers to enforcement. We found that 61% of colleges indicated nearly always proactively enforcing alcohol policies, with most frequent enforcement at intercollegiate sporting…
Descriptors: Campuses, Public Colleges, Sororities, Law Enforcement
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Trim, Ryan S.; Clapp, John D.; Reed, Mark B.; Shillington, Audrey; Thombs, Dennis – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined relationships among drinking intentions, environments, and outcomes in a random sample of 566 undergraduate college students. Telephone interviews were conducted with respondents before and after a single weekend assessing drinking intentions for the coming weekend related to subsequent drinking behaviors. Latent class analyses…
Descriptors: Drinking, Young Adults, Alcohol Abuse, Undergraduate Students
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Novik, Melinda G.; Boekeloo, Bradley O. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Objective: The current study examined the dimensionality of a protective behavioral strategies (PBS) measure among undergraduate, predominantly freshmen (92.5%) college students reporting recent alcohol use (n = 320). Method: Participants completed a web-based survey assessing 22 PBS items. Factor analyses determined the underlying factor…
Descriptors: Drinking, Factor Structure, Measures (Individuals), Factor Analysis
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Ringwalt, Christopher L.; Paschall, Mallie J.; Gitelman, Amy M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined the relationship between colleges' alcohol abuse prevention strategies and students' alcohol abuse and related problems. Alcohol prevention coordinators and first year students in 22 colleges reported whether their schools were implementing 48 strategies in six domains, and students (N = 2041) completed another survey…
Descriptors: Campuses, Prevention, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking
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Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L.; Shamblen, Stephen R.; Hanley, Sean M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Using a randomized controlled effectiveness trial, we examined the effects of Project SUCCESS on a range of secondary outcomes, including the program's mediating variables. Project SUCCESS, which is based both on the Theory of Reasoned Action and on Cognitive Behavior Theory, is a school-based substance use prevention program that targets…
Descriptors: Nontraditional Education, Control Groups, Behavior Theories, High School Students
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Roy, Elise; Godin, Gaston; Boudreau, Jean-Francois; Cote, Philippe-Benoit; Denis, Veronique; Haley, Nancy; Leclerc, Pascale; Boivin, Jean-Francois – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study aimed at examining the predictors of initiation into drug injection among street youth using social cognitive theory framework. A prospective cohort study based on semi-annual interviews was carried out. Psychosocial determinants referred to avoidance of initiation. Other potential predictors were: sociodemographic characteristics,…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Homeless People, Drug Abuse, Drinking
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