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Carter-Edwards, Lori; Godette, Dionne C.; White, Sumitra Shantakumar; Tyson, William – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Drinking increases the risk of elevated blood pressure, a risk factor for chronic ailments such as hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The experience of elevated blood pressure in young adulthood may be critical for the development of these diseases later in life. College campuses are venues replete with young adults, and drinking is a…
Descriptors: African American Students, Black Colleges, Drinking, Young Adults
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Khey, David N.; Miller, Bryan Lee; Griffin, O. Hayden – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The recreational use of "Salvia divinorum" has received increased attention by media outlets and policy-makers in recent years. The vast absence of research to guide the dissemination of information has prompted this research note describing the use of this substance in a large public institution of higher education. The prevalence of…
Descriptors: Higher Education, College Students, Drug Use, Information Dissemination
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Collins, David; Pan, Zhenfeng; Johnson, Knowlton; Courser, Matthew; Shamblen, Steve – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Few studies of inhalant use have examined a large number of predictors at the individual level, including risk and protective factors and delinquent behavior, while also taking into account contextual variables (such as school size and poverty rates). This exploratory study uses 8th grade data from a large-scale survey of students in Kentucky to…
Descriptors: Poverty, Delinquency, Marijuana, School Size
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Peleg-Oren, Neta; Rahav, Giora; Teichman, Meir – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The present study examines the role of family resources (parenting style and family cohesion) and paternal history of substance abuse on the psychosocial adjustment of their school-aged children. Data were collected from 148 children aged 8-11 (72 of fathers with history of substance use disorder, 76 children of fathers with no substance use…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Mothers, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing
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Peters, Ronald J.; Williams, Mark; Ross, Michael W.; Atkinson, John; McCurdy, Sherly A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Statistics show that the prevalence of crack cocaine use and embalming fluid and phencyclidine (PCP)-laced cigarettes or marijuana sticks, commonly referred to on the street as "fry" or "wet" is a problem; however, the relationship between these substances of abuse and concurrent polydrug use is unknown. In the present study, a…
Descriptors: African Americans, Smoking, Marijuana, Cocaine
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Wagstaff, David A.; Kulis, Stephen; Elek, Elvira – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the Fall of 2004, 1,948 5th grade students from Phoenix, AZ enrolled in an evaluation of a school-based, substance use prevention intervention. To assess the consistency of Mexican and Mexican-American students' self-reports of lifetime substance use, the present study analyzed data reported by 1,418 students who reported Mexican ancestry and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Mexican Americans, Prevention, Preadolescents
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Gunning, Melissa; Sussman, Steve; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the present study, we describe correlates of 30-day cigarette and alcohol use among two samples of high school students, one in the Russian Federation (n = 365), and one in the United States (n = 965). The correlates used in the analyses are based on the theory of triadic influence, which organizes predictors of adolescent substance use into…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Drinking, Foreign Countries
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Heyne, Thomas; Bogner, Franz X. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Our study focused on strengthening the individual self-efficacy of low achieving 8th graders reducing drug-specific peer pressure through theoretical and practical training. The subject of the intervention was based on a substance-specific life skills program offering both teacher-centered and student-centered teaching approaches. A cluster…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Prevention, Intervention, Multivariate Analysis
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Ding, Kele; Olds, R. Scott; Thombs, Dennis L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This retrospective case study assessed the influence of item non-response error on subsequent response to questionnaire items assessing adolescent alcohol and marijuana use. Post-hoc analyses were conducted on survey results obtained from 4,371 7th to 12th grade students in Ohio in 2005. A skip pattern design in a conventional questionnaire…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Marijuana, Measures (Individuals), Secondary School Students
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Boyle, Jennifer R.; Boekeloo, Bradley O. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Using a cross-sectional survey, data were collected from 265 first-year college students to determine if parent-student alcohol communication is associated with college drinking or drinking consequences and if this relationship is mediated by students' parental subjective norms, attitudes toward drinking, and perceived risk. Structural equation…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Structural Equation Models, Drinking, Parent Child Relationship
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Jackson, Kelly F.; LeCroy, Craig W. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This study examined predictors of substance use and negative activity involvement among a diverse sample of European American, African American, Hispanic, Native American, and multiracial early adolescents (n = 749) living in a large urban city in the Southwest United States. This study investigated a broad set of predictor variables that tap…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Substance Abuse
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Allahverdipour, Hamid; Bazargan, Mohsen; Farhadinasab, Abdollah; Hidarnia, Alireza; Bashirian, Saeed – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The prevalence of substance abuse among adolescents from low- and middle-income countries is increasing drastically and requires immediate intervention. The objective of this longitudinal quasi-experimental panel study was to design and implement a skill-based intervention to prevent and reduce substance use among urban adolescents who attended 2…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Intervention, Self Control, Self Efficacy
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Satterlund, Travis D.; Antin, Tamar M. J.; Lee, Juliet P.; Moore, Roland S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
California's Smoke-Free Workplace Act was extended to include bars in 1998. While the majority of bars in the state have become smoke free, in many bars patrons and staff continue to smoke despite the law. The authors present findings from a study which assessed cultural factors related to continued smoking in bars in the city of San Francisco. In…
Descriptors: Smoking, Ethnic Groups, Cultural Influences, Urban Areas
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Huber, Mary J.; Workman, Judson; Ford, Jo Ann; Moore, Dennis; Mayer, Theresa – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This article reports on the evaluation of a two-year alcohol, tobacco and other drug (ATOD) intervention, the Prevention through Alternative Learning Styles ("PALS") program, targeting both teachers and middle-school students. Teachers are taught to recognize students' unique learning styles in the context of the ATOD curriculum and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Prevention, Cognitive Style, Program Evaluation
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Chen, Han-Ying; Waigandt, Alex C. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The prevalence of betel nut chewing among junior high school students is highest in the eastern region of Taiwan (Lin, 1990). Although there is some research on the prevalence rate, little effort has been paid to developing a classification of betel nut chewing behavior applicable to adolescents. Eight-hundred and forty-three students, including…
Descriptors: Locus of Control, Incidence, Adolescents, Multivariate Analysis
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