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Araas, Teresa E.; Adams, Troy B. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Objective: Alcohol abuse among college students is associated with a quality of life burden. The current study replicated and extended previous research on protective behavioral strategies (PBS) by examining relationships between PBS use and negative alcohol-related consequences. Method: A national sample of 29,792 U. S. college students who…
Descriptors: College Students, Intervention, Quality of Life, Alcohol Abuse
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Buckley, Lisa; Sheehan, Mary; Chapman, Rebekah – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Typically adolescents' friends are considered a risk factor for adolescent engagement in risk-taking. This study took a more novel approach, by examining adolescent friendship as a protective factor. In particular it investigated friends' potential to intervene to reduce risk-taking. Five-hundred-forty adolescents (mean age 13.47 years) were asked…
Descriptors: Drug Use, Drinking, Risk, Adolescents
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Ding, Kele; Chang, G. Andy; Southerland, Ron – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Inhalants are the 4th most commonly abused drugs after alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Although inhalants are often referred as Gateway Drugs this hypothesis is less examined. Using the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health data, age of first time inhalant use was compared with the age of onset of other drugs among 6466 inhalant users who…
Descriptors: Smoking, Marijuana, Drug Abuse, Drug Use
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Kunz, Charlotte B.; Jason, Leonard A.; Adams, Monica; Pokorny, Steven B. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Researchers are only beginning to investigate how to measure a community's readiness to engage in an intervention. In this study, we investigated the readiness of police departments to deal with tobacco policies about youth access to tobacco and youth possession of tobacco. Police officers in 24 towns completed structured interviews designed to…
Descriptors: Smoking, Police, Interviews, Intervention
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Brenner, James W.; Metz, Stacie M.; Brenner, Christina J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This research study examined the relationship of college athletes' levels of campus involvement and campus connection to their alcohol use. A survey measuring alcohol use, campus involvement and campus connection was administered to 720 athletes at nine institutions. Participants who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion in the past two…
Descriptors: Athletes, Drinking, College Athletics, College Students
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Martens, Matthew P.; Karakashian, Michael A.; Fleming, Kristie M.; Fowler, Roneferiti M.; Hatchett, E. Suzanne; Cimini, M. Dolores – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine if use of protective behavioral strategies mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. Participants were 186 college students at a state university campus in the Northeastern United States participating in a study examining the effectiveness of a brief…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking, Metacognition
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Ringwalt, Christopher; Pankratz, Melinda; Gottfredson, Nisha; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Dusenbury, Linda; Giles, Steve; Currey, David; Hansen, Bill – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
We examined the association between changes in the substances and mediating variables targeted by the All Stars drug prevention curriculum, and students' engagement in and enjoyment of the curriculum, their attitudes toward their teachers, and their perceptions of their teachers' skills. Forty-eight school staff administered at least one All Stars…
Descriptors: Prevention, Grade 7, Student Attitudes, Drug Use
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Kelley, Margaret S.; Fukushima, Miyuki; Spivak, Andrew L.; Payne, David – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the present study we advance previous research in deterrence theory by examining the perceived deterrent effects of a newly instituted dry policy on a college campus. A survey of 500 full-time undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 26 was conducted 3 months following the ban on alcohol. Hypotheses are derived from deterrence theory…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Sanctions, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking
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Boekeloo, Bradley O.; Novik, Melinda G.; Bush, Elizabeth N.; O'Grady, Kevin E. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
An intervention to reduce college alcohol use and secondhand effects was tested. Freshmen dormitory wings at a large Mid-Atlantic public university were assigned to single-gender (SG) or mixed-gender (MG) Information-Motivation-Behavior (IMB) workshops implemented during the first weeks of school, or a control condition. Students were surveyed…
Descriptors: Intervention, Behavior Modification, Drinking, Behavior Change
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Stanley, Jarrod M.; Lo, Celia C. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Data from the 2005 Monitoring the Future survey were used to examine relationships between school-related factors and high school seniors' lifetime methamphetamine use. The study applied logistic regression techniques to evaluate effects of social bonding variables and social learning variables on likelihood of lifetime methamphetamine use. The…
Descriptors: Socialization, Drug Abuse, High School Seniors, At Risk Persons
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Lindgren, Kristen P.; Pantalone, David W.; Lewis, Melissa A.; George, William H. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The phenomenology of college students' conceptualization of the relations between alcohol and sex are surprisingly understudied. Undergraduates rank among the most-studied populations, yet extant research largely relies on quantitative methods, which are constrained in their ability to give participants a "voice." The current study used focus…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Attitudes, Focus Groups, Sexuality
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Hanley, Sean; Ringwalt, Chris; Vincus, Amy A.; Ennett, Susan T.; Bowling, J. Micheal; Haws, Susan W.; Rohrbach, Louise A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
It is widely recognized that teacher training affects the fidelity with which evidence-based substance use prevention curricula are implemented. We present the results of a 2005 survey of teachers from a nationally representative sample of 1721 public middle schools in the U.S. (78.1% response rate). We measured fidelity along two dimensions…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Prevention, Substance Abuse, Teacher Education
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Fertman, Carl I.; Primack, Brian A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a child self efficacy scale for learning, peer interactions, and resisting pressure to use drugs, to use in an elementary school drug prevention education program based on social cognitive theory. A diverse cohort of 392 4th and 5th grade students completed the 20-item…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Narcotics, Self Efficacy, Construct Validity
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Dennis, Dixie L.; Cox, William; Black, Anne; Muller, Susan – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine if students (n = 431) from two southern universities--one in the "buckle" of the Bible-belt, the other a southern "border" state--have different drinking behaviors depending on their religiosity and spirituality. Approximately 95% of students indicated that they had at least one drink of alcohol during…
Descriptors: Drinking, Religious Factors, Religion, College Students
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Ustuner, Mehmet; Aksoy, Kasim; Ozer, Niyazi – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The aim of this research is twofold: 1) to determine attitudes of high school students toward addictive substances; and 2) to determine students' attitudes toward addictive substances in terms of some variables including gender, grade, and perceived parental attitudes. To this end, "Addictive Substances Attitudes Scale" and "Parental Attitudes…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Negative Attitudes, Drug Use, Measures (Individuals)
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