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Sloas, Lincoln B.; Caudy, Michael S.; Taxman, Faye S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2017
With nearly 8.2% of Americans experiencing substance use disorders (SUDs), a need exists for effective SUD treatment and for strategies to assist treatment participants to complete treatment programs (Chandler, Fletcher, & Volkow, 2009). The purpose of the current research is to contribute to an emerging knowledge base about treatment…
Descriptors: Drug Rehabilitation, Therapy, Substance Abuse, Readiness
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Nabors, Laura A.; Brubaker, Michael D.; Hoffman, Sarah; Shipley, Halley; Pangallo, Jordan; Strong, Amanda – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
Adolescent substance use is a serious problem often invoking negative reactions. The current study extends the literature in this area. A total of 425 college students read one of five vignettes, each of which described an adolescent who used marijuana, hard liquor, or drank an occasional beer (control) and who had received or not received…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Adolescents, Substance Abuse, Marijuana
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Collins, David; Abadi, Melissa Harris; Johnson, Knowlton; Shamblen, Steve; Thompson, Kirsten – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This article examines prevalence of non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) in a sample of elementary and high school students in an Appalachian Tennessee county. We found that lifetime prevalence of NMUPD (35%) was higher than prevalence of cigarette use (28%) and marijuana use (17%), but lower than lifetime prevalence of alcohol use (46%).…
Descriptors: Incidence, Prevention, Risk, High School Students
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Gunning, Melissa; Sussman, Steve; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the present study, we describe correlates of 30-day cigarette and alcohol use among two samples of high school students, one in the Russian Federation (n = 365), and one in the United States (n = 965). The correlates used in the analyses are based on the theory of triadic influence, which organizes predictors of adolescent substance use into…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Drinking, Foreign Countries
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Jackson, Kelly F.; LeCroy, Craig W. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This study examined predictors of substance use and negative activity involvement among a diverse sample of European American, African American, Hispanic, Native American, and multiracial early adolescents (n = 749) living in a large urban city in the Southwest United States. This study investigated a broad set of predictor variables that tap…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Substance Abuse
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Eitle, David; Eitle, Tamela McNulty – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
American Indians have among the highest prevalence rates for both substance use and obesity, yet there is a dearth of studies that have examined this relationship. We examined a subsample of American Indian adolescents (n=623), using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We examined the association between body mass index…
Descriptors: Body Weight, American Indians, Adolescents, Correlation
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Vervaeke, Hylke K.E.; Benschop, Annemieke; Van Den Brink, Wim; Korf, Dirk J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
Our aim is to identify predictors of first-time ecstasy use in a prospective study among young people at risk. As part of the multidisciplinary Netherlands XTC Toxicity Study (NeXT), we monitored 188 subjects aged up to 18 years who were ecstasy-naive at baseline but seemed likely to start taking ecstasy in the near future. After an 11- to…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Young Adults, Peer Groups, Foreign Countries
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Polcin, Douglas L.; Korcha, Rachael – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2017
Social support and psychiatric severity are known to influence substance abuse. However, little is known about how their influences vary under different conditions. We aimed to study how different types of social support were associated with substance abuse outcomes among persons with low and moderate psychiatric severity who entered Sober Living…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, Social Support Groups, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Musher-Eizenman, Dara R.; Holub, Shayla C.; Arnett, Mitzi – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
Examines the importance of peer influence and personal attitudes in relation to self-reported use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana for 213 younger adolescents and 219 older adolescents. Friends' use was significantly related to substance use for both age groups, both sexes, and all substances examined. Resistance self- efficacy was…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Drinking, Peer Influence
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Kedia, Satish; Williams, Charles – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
Identifies and analyzes several variables important in predicting the likelihood of abstinence among substance abuse clients. Data was collected from 1,350 clients treated for alcohol or drug abuse in residential, halfway house, or outpatient facilities. Analyzing 22 variables as possible treatment outcome predictors, results found one…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Outcomes of Treatment, Predictor Variables, Rehabilitation Programs
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Giles, Steven M.; Harrington, Nancy Grant; Fearnow-Kenney, Melodie – Journal of Drug Education, 2001
Examined the relationship between students' perceptions of a problem behavior prevention program, All Stars, and changes in program variables-bonding; normative beliefs; ideals; and commitment. Three factors-Program Enjoyment, Student Engagement, and Teacher Relationship-were used to predict changes in four variables. Results indicate Student…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Measures (Individuals), Predictor Variables, Prevention
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Tricker, Ray – Journal of Drug Education, 2000
Student athletes (N=563) were surveyed to examine their attitudes toward the use of painkilling drugs. Twenty-nine percent reported that they felt there is nothing wrong with using painkilling drugs on the day of competition (when injured) to cope with pain. Recommendations for coaches, educators, team physicians, team trainers, and administrators…
Descriptors: Behavior Standards, College Athletics, College Students, Drug Use
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Collingwood, Thomas R.; Sunderlin, Jeff; Reynolds, Roger; Kohl, Harold W., III – Journal of Drug Education, 2000
Presents program evaluation data from school and community application of a physical fitness drug prevention program. Results reveal significant increases in physical activity and physical fitness. Youth self-report data indicates significant decreases in risk factors such as low self-concept, poor school attendance, anxiety, depression, and…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Physical Activities, Physical Fitness, Predictor Variables
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Dunn, Michael S. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2005
The purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive profile of the alcohol, cigarette, marijuana and cocaine use practices among adolescents and to examine the relationship between employment, political beliefs, religious beliefs and substance use behaviors among high school seniors participating in the Monitoring the Future Study during the…
Descriptors: High School Students, Employment, Adolescents, Substance Abuse
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Anglin, M. Douglas; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1986
College undergraduates (N=53) reporting use of a hallucinogenic mushroom (Psilocybe) were matched to nonusers. Hallucinogenic mushroom use by men was most associated with peers' mushroom use, whereas mushroom use by women was most associated with parental drug use, especially fathers' marijuana use. Personality measures were secondary in…
Descriptors: College Students, Drug Use, Higher Education, Parent Influence
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