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Fernandez-Hermida, Jose-Ramon; Calafat, Amador; Becoña, Elisardo; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Juan, Montse; Sumnall, Harry – Journal of Drug Education, 2013
Previous research has shown that parents underestimate their children's substance use. The aim of the present work was to analyze parental estimation of their children's use of alcohol in five countries from northern, central, and southern Europe, and to explore the variables that influenced this perceptual bias. The sample comprised 1,181…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Parent Attitudes, Drinking, Cross Cultural Studies
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Bucher, Jacob – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
The military provides a unique social environment given the organization and culture of the institution. Understanding substance use by those inside this institution provides insight into both the population as well as substance use in general. Using data collected from in-depth interviews, this article explores the nature and extent of substance…
Descriptors: Social Environment, Military Personnel, Socialization, Learning Theories
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Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L.; Shamblen, Stephen R.; Hanley, Sean M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Using a randomized controlled effectiveness trial, we examined the effects of Project SUCCESS on a range of secondary outcomes, including the program's mediating variables. Project SUCCESS, which is based both on the Theory of Reasoned Action and on Cognitive Behavior Theory, is a school-based substance use prevention program that targets…
Descriptors: Nontraditional Education, Control Groups, Behavior Theories, High School Students
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Feldman, Marc; Boyer, Bret; Kumar, V. K.; Prout, Maurice – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined the relationship between drug preference, drug use, drug availability, and personality among individuals (n = 100) in treatment for substance abuse in an effort to replicate the results of an earlier study (Feldman, Kumar, Angelini, Pekala, & Porter, 2007) designed to test prediction derived from Eysenck's (1957, 1967)…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Personality, Drug Rehabilitation
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Hansen, William B.; Bishop, Dana C.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Classroom behavior management interventions have been used successfully with drug prevention programs to prevent subsequent antisocial behavior and substance use among youth. This article presents results from implementation of the All Stars Challenge, a classroom-based behavior management component to a drug prevention program for fifth graders.…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Intervention, Antisocial Behavior, Prevention
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Gunning, Melissa; Sussman, Steve; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the present study, we describe correlates of 30-day cigarette and alcohol use among two samples of high school students, one in the Russian Federation (n = 365), and one in the United States (n = 965). The correlates used in the analyses are based on the theory of triadic influence, which organizes predictors of adolescent substance use into…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Drinking, Foreign Countries
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Banbury, Samantha; Lusher, Joanne; Guedelha, Francisco – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
The Misuse of Drugs Act (1971) and the Psychoactive Substances Act (2016) both reinforce the criminalisation of drug use in the UK. The Psychoactive Substances Act (2016) has been developed to control and monitor the use of legal highs, particularly in institutions. This study aimed to establish drug service providers' viewpoints on how effective…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Crime Prevention
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Birckmayer, Johanna; Fisher, Deborah A.; Holder, Harold D.; Yacoubian, George S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
Little research exists on effective strategies to prevent methamphetamine production, distribution, sales, use, and harm. As a result, prevention practitioners (especially at the local level) have little guidance in selecting potentially effective strategies. This article presents a general causal model of methamphetamine use and harms that…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Causal Models, Prevention, Public Health
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Khazaal, Yasser; Chatton, Anne; Cochand, Sophie; Zullino, Daniele – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
This study evaluated the quality of Web-based information on cannabis use and addiction and investigated particular content quality indicators. Three keywords ("cannabis addiction," "cannabis dependence," and "cannabis abuse") were entered into two popular World Wide Web search engines. Websites were assessed with a standardized proforma designed…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Marijuana, Search Engines, Information Seeking
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Rees, C. Roger; Zarco, Emilia Patricia T.; Lewis, Dawn K. – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
In this article we examine the importance of sensation seeking and pragmatism in the steroids and sports supplements behavior and attitudes of high school and junior high school students on Long Island, New York. Steroid use is much less acceptable than sports supplement use, although the reasons for use are similar. Respondents use supplements…
Descriptors: High Schools, Junior High School Students, Athletics, Drug Use
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Polcin, Douglas L.; Korcha, Rachael – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2017
Social support and psychiatric severity are known to influence substance abuse. However, little is known about how their influences vary under different conditions. We aimed to study how different types of social support were associated with substance abuse outcomes among persons with low and moderate psychiatric severity who entered Sober Living…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, Social Support Groups, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Corrigan, Matthew J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2017
This study sought to develop a short version of the ADSI, and investigate its psychometric properties. Methods: This is a secondary analysis. Analysis to determine the Cronbach's Alpha, correlations to determine concurrent criterion validity and known instrument validity and a logistic regression to determine predictive validity were conducted.…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Correlation, Screening Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Lohrmann, David K.; Alter, Randi J.; Greene, Robert; Younoszai, Tina M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2005
This study examined long-term effects of a school/family/community substance abuse prevention partnership intervention lead by a Midwestern school district. Previous findings suggested that the program contributed to decreased tobacco and marijuana, but not alcohol, use prior to and after implementation between 1987 and 1991. The current study…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Prevention, Drug Use, Program Effectiveness
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McCoy, Monica L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
These studies explored attitudes toward maternal culpability in cases of alleged fetal abuse. In experiment one, general culpability for the use of various substances during pregnancy was assessed as well as the impact of other potentially relevant factors. One hundred and twenty students completed the survey. Participants overwhelmingly supported…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Drug Use, Mothers, Substance Abuse
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Caldeira, Kimberly M.; Arria, Amelia M.; Zarate, Elizabeth M.; Vincent, Kathryn B.; Wish, Eric D.; O'Grady, Kevin E. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
Females who had vaginal sex were interviewed annually in their first two years of college (n=386, ages 17 to 20 at study outset) and asked about risky sex behaviors and substance use. In year one, 60.2%[subscript wt] had intoxicated sex, 31.4%[subscript wt] had multiple sex partners, and 48.9%[subscript wt] had unprotected sex (i.e., without a…
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Drug Use, Drinking, At Risk Persons
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