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Morton, Cory M.; Hoefinger, Heidi; Linn-Walton, Rebecca; Aikins, Ross; Falkin, Gregory P. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
The current study analyzes a sample of questions about drugs asked online by youth who participated in the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) "Drug Facts Chat Day." The types of drugs youth asked about were coded into 17 substance categories, and the topics they raised were coded into seven thematic categories. The top five…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Smoking, Drinking, Cocaine
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Hernández-Serrano, Olga; Griffin, Kenneth W.; García-Fernández, José Manuel; Espada, Mireia; Orgilés José P. – Journal of Drug Education, 2013
The objective of the present study was to examine the contribution of three intervention components (public commitment, resistance to advertising, and leisure promotion) on alcohol and protective variables in a school-based substance use prevention program. Participants included 480 Spanish students aged from 14 to 16 who received the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Community Involvement, Resistance (Psychology), Leisure Time
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Giles, Steven M.; Pankratz, Melinda M.; Ringwalt, Chris; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Hansen, William B.; Bishop, Dana; Dusenbury, Linda; Gottfredson, Nisha – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
We examine whether teachers' communicator style relates to student engagement, teacher-student relationships, student perceptions of teacher immediacy, as well as observer ratings of delivery skills during the implementation of All Stars, a middle school-based substance use prevention program. Data from 48 teachers who taught All Stars up to 3…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Interpersonal Communication, Individual Characteristics, Substance Abuse
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Giles, Steven M.; Pankratz, Melinda M.; Ringwalt, Christopher; Hansen, William B.; Dusenbury, Linda; Jackson-Newsom, Julia – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The purpose of this study was to extend the literature in both substance use implementation and persuasive health communication by examining the extent to which students' need for cognition and impulsive decision-making moderated the relationship between teachers' classroom communication behavior and program outcomes in an evidence-based middle…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Prevention, Drinking, Decision Making
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Hecht, Michael L.; Elek, Elvira; Wagstaff, David A.; Kam, Jennifer A.; Marsiglia, Flavio; Dustman, Patricia; Reeves, Leslie; Harthun, Mary – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This study assessed the immediate and short-term outcomes of adapting a culturally-grounded middle school program, "keepin' it REAL", for elementary school students. After curriculum adaptation, 10 schools were randomly assigned to the intervention in 5th grade with follow-up boosters in 6th grade; 13 schools were randomly assigned to the control…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Curriculum Development, School Activities, Intervention
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Hanley, Sean; Ringwalt, Chris; Vincus, Amy A.; Ennett, Susan T.; Bowling, J. Micheal; Haws, Susan W.; Rohrbach, Louise A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
It is widely recognized that teacher training affects the fidelity with which evidence-based substance use prevention curricula are implemented. We present the results of a 2005 survey of teachers from a nationally representative sample of 1721 public middle schools in the U.S. (78.1% response rate). We measured fidelity along two dimensions…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Prevention, Substance Abuse, Teacher Education
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Jackson, Kelly F.; LeCroy, Craig W. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This study examined predictors of substance use and negative activity involvement among a diverse sample of European American, African American, Hispanic, Native American, and multiracial early adolescents (n = 749) living in a large urban city in the Southwest United States. This study investigated a broad set of predictor variables that tap…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Substance Abuse
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Turner-Musa, Jocelyn O.; Rhodes, Warren A.; Harper, P. Thandi Hicks; Quinton, Sylvia L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
Substance use and HIV risk behaviors are increasing among African-American youth. Interventions that incorporate youth values and beliefs are needed to reduce this trajectory. Hip-hop plays an important role in the lives of many African-American youth and provides a context within which to prevent risky behaviors. The current study examines the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Youth, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
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Rees, C. Roger; Zarco, Emilia Patricia T.; Lewis, Dawn K. – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
In this article we examine the importance of sensation seeking and pragmatism in the steroids and sports supplements behavior and attitudes of high school and junior high school students on Long Island, New York. Steroid use is much less acceptable than sports supplement use, although the reasons for use are similar. Respondents use supplements…
Descriptors: High Schools, Junior High School Students, Athletics, Drug Use
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Alter, Randi J.; Jun, Mi Kyung; J-McKyer, E. Lisako – Journal of Drug Education, 2007
To reduce problems associated with youth substance use, Indiana developed funding streams and infrastructure to facilitate coordination of statewide prevention efforts. These prevention efforts aimed at youth include programming in the non-school hours. To examine the relationship between these efforts and youth substance abuse, students…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Prevention, Drinking, Programming
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Kulis, Stephen; Yabiku, Scott T.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Nieri, Tanya; Crossman, Ashley – Journal of Drug Education, 2007
This study examined whether the efficacy of "keepin' it REAL", a model program for substance use prevention in schools, was moderated by gender, ethnicity, and acculturation. Gender differences in program efficacy may arise through boys' higher risk of drug use, inadequate attention to girls' developmental issues, or cultural factors…
Descriptors: Grade 7, Prevention, Cultural Influences, Acculturation
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Draper, Michele; Appregilio, Seymour; Kramer, Alaina; Ketcherside, Miranda; Campbell, Summer; Stewart, Brandon; Rhodes, Darson; Cox, Carol – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2015
Media literacy education teaches youth to critically examine the influence of media messages on health and substance use behavior. A small group of low-achieving middle school students at high risk for substance abuse attending an afterschool academic remediation program received a media literacy intervention intended for elementary students in a…
Descriptors: Intervention, Case Studies, Elementary Education, Middle School Students
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Peters, Ronald J., Jr.; Kelder, Steven H.; Markham, Christine M.; Yacoubian, George S., Jr.; Peters, LeCresha A.; Ellis, Artist – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
In the current study, we used a qualitative approach to investigate relevant beliefs and norms associated with codeine and promethazine hydrochloride cough syrup (CPHCS) consumption, initiation, and perceived addiction among 48 alternative school students who identified themselves as current CPHCS users. In general, both boys and girls believed…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Norms, Gender Differences, Nontraditional Education
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Lillehoj, Catherine J.; Trudeau, Linda; Spoth, Richard – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2005
Pstudy investigated the effects of baseline levels of academic achievement and longitudinal trends in normative beliefs on adolescent substance initiation across a 42-month time period. Participants were 272 rural adolescents who were an average of 12.3 years old at the baseline assessment. Academic achievement positively predicted the intercept…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Substance Abuse, Grade 7, Behavior Standards