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Reilly, Angela; Stevens, Edward B.; Jason, Leonard A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2017
The current study examined the relationships between a personality metatrait (Stability consisting of conscientiousness, agreeableness, and neuroticism), self-esteem, and stress in an adult population of individuals with substance use disorders living in recovery homes. Adults (N = 229) residing in 42 residential recovery settings were interviewed…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Self Esteem, Stress Variables, Substance Abuse
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Doumas, Diana M.; Esp, Susan; Miller, Raissa – Journal of Drug Education, 2017
This study evaluated the impact of Motivational Interviewing (MI) and Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) workshops on posttraining knowledge, skills, negative attitudes, and interest in implementing evidence-based practices (EBPs). Participants (N = 70) were primarily mental health counselor (41.4%), social workers…
Descriptors: Workshops, Intervention, Interviews, Screening Tests
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Sloas, Lincoln B.; Caudy, Michael S.; Taxman, Faye S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2017
With nearly 8.2% of Americans experiencing substance use disorders (SUDs), a need exists for effective SUD treatment and for strategies to assist treatment participants to complete treatment programs (Chandler, Fletcher, & Volkow, 2009). The purpose of the current research is to contribute to an emerging knowledge base about treatment…
Descriptors: Drug Rehabilitation, Therapy, Substance Abuse, Readiness
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Kolena, Branislav; Petrovicová, Ida; Trnovec, Tomáš; Pilka, Tomáš; Bicanová, Gabriela – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
We describe opinions on medical use of "Cannabis sativa L." under conditions of Slovakia (n = 717). Personal experience with marijuana was detected in 77.42% (n = 553) in age categories younger than 20 years (n = 96) and in 77.06% (n = 457) of adults. Almost 86% of respondents (n = 618) agreed with legal use of marijuana for medical…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Drug Therapy, Age Differences, Substance Abuse
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Richardson, George B.; Montgomery, LaTrice; Brubaker, Michael D. – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
Only 7.6% of adolescents in need of substance abuse treatment actually receive it. Many adolescents are hesitant to seek treatment due to public stigma (i.e., negative attitudes and beliefs of the general public toward individuals who abuse substances). However, decades of research indicate that interpersonal contact with stigmatized groups helps…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Substance Abuse, Interpersonal Relationship, Undergraduate Students
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Morton, Cory M.; Hoefinger, Heidi; Linn-Walton, Rebecca; Aikins, Ross; Falkin, Gregory P. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
The current study analyzes a sample of questions about drugs asked online by youth who participated in the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) "Drug Facts Chat Day." The types of drugs youth asked about were coded into 17 substance categories, and the topics they raised were coded into seven thematic categories. The top five…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Smoking, Drinking, Cocaine
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Droege, Jocelyn R.; Stevens, Edward B.; Jason, Leonard A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
Substance abuse is associated with a host of harmful consequences to the substance user as well as other individuals and society as a whole. Although harm is an integral component of substance abuse, there is a dearth of research that investigates the relationship between harm and substance use problems. The goal of this study was to explore…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Correlation, Therapy, Consciousness Raising
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Eitle, David; Eitle, Tamela McNulty – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
American Indians have among the highest prevalence rates for both substance use and obesity, yet there is a dearth of studies that have examined this relationship. We examined a subsample of American Indian adolescents (n=623), using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We examined the association between body mass index…
Descriptors: Body Weight, American Indians, Adolescents, Correlation
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Rodrigues, Carla Veiga; Figueiredo, Ana Betriz; Rocha, Sara; Ward, Sam; Tavares, Hugo Braga – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
Introduction: Adolescence is a period of physical, psychological, cognitive and emotional changes, where autonomy from parental control is demanded. Adolescents are often self-discovering, frequently adopting sexual and drug exploration behaviors. As a result, health status in both adolescence and adulthood can be influenced. Methods: A…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Risk, Questionnaires, Grade 8
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Banbury, Samantha; Lusher, Joanne; Guedelha, Francisco – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
The Misuse of Drugs Act (1971) and the Psychoactive Substances Act (2016) both reinforce the criminalisation of drug use in the UK. The Psychoactive Substances Act (2016) has been developed to control and monitor the use of legal highs, particularly in institutions. This study aimed to establish drug service providers' viewpoints on how effective…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Crime Prevention
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Carlson, Joan M.; Schwindt, Rhonda; Agley, J.; Gassman, R. A.; Vannerson, J.; Crapp, D. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2017
Indiana University's Schools of Social Work, Nursing and Medicine formed a consortium to advance education for Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT). Trainees participated in SBIRT training and completed data collection before, immediately after, and 30 days after a face-to-face training. The study explored participants'…
Descriptors: Training, Social Work, Nurses, Drinking
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Polcin, Douglas L.; Korcha, Rachael – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2017
Social support and psychiatric severity are known to influence substance abuse. However, little is known about how their influences vary under different conditions. We aimed to study how different types of social support were associated with substance abuse outcomes among persons with low and moderate psychiatric severity who entered Sober Living…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, Social Support Groups, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Corrigan, Matthew J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2017
This study sought to develop a short version of the ADSI, and investigate its psychometric properties. Methods: This is a secondary analysis. Analysis to determine the Cronbach's Alpha, correlations to determine concurrent criterion validity and known instrument validity and a logistic regression to determine predictive validity were conducted.…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Correlation, Screening Tests, Statistical Analysis
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Corrigan, Matthew J.; Forte, James; Bulgaris, Sarah – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2017
The purpose of this replication study is to test the validity of the Adolescent Domain Screening Inventory (ADSI) on an older adolescent population. This cross sectional study used a convenience sample to preliminarily test the validity of the ADSI. Concurrent validity correlations ranged from a high of 0.924 to a low of 0.760. The known…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Construct Validity, Correlation, Case Studies
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Giordano, Amanda L.; Prosek, Elizabeth A.; Stamman, Julia; Callahan, Molly M.; Loseu, Sahar; Bevly, Cynthia M.; Cross, Kaitlin; Woehler, Elliott S.; Calzada, Richard-Michael R.; Chadwell, Katie – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2016
Trauma is prevalent among clients with substance abuse issues, yet addictions counselors' training in trauma approaches is limited. The purpose of the current article is to provide pertinent information regarding trauma treatment including the use of assessments, empirically supported clinical approaches, self-help groups and the risk of vicarious…
Descriptors: Trauma, Substance Abuse, Addictive Behavior, Counseling Techniques
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