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Showing 1 to 15 of 138 results Save | Export
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Musher-Eizenman, Dara R.; Holub, Shayla C.; Arnett, Mitzi – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
Examines the importance of peer influence and personal attitudes in relation to self-reported use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana for 213 younger adolescents and 219 older adolescents. Friends' use was significantly related to substance use for both age groups, both sexes, and all substances examined. Resistance self- efficacy was…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Drinking, Peer Influence
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Moon, Dreama G.; Jackson, Kristina M.; Hecht, Michael L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2000
Study tests two models to compare the effects of risk and resiliency across gender and ethnicity. Results support the model in which risk and resiliency are discrete sets of factors and demonstrate that overall resiliency factors play a larger role than risk factors in substance use and drug resistance processes. Gender proved to be an important…
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Drug Education, Family Influence
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Kassaye, W. Wossen – Journal of Drug Education, 1984
Evaluated the effect of monetary incentives on cigarette smoking in 120 college students. Results indicated that monetary incentive was generally effective in reducing smoking. Incentives offered to a group (sorority and fraternity) were more effective among females, while individual incentives were more effective with men. (JAC)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Change Strategies, College Students, Compensation (Remuneration)
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Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1984
Evaluated a drug education course for 237 junior high school students which included decision-making skills, assertiveness training, and drug information and alternatives. Comparison of experimental and control groups showed the course had no significant effect on girls and only a few effects at follow-up for boys. (JAC)
Descriptors: Course Evaluation, Drug Education, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools
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Christen, Arden G.; Glover, Elbert D. – Journal of Drug Education, 1983
Studied factors to help dentists understand smoking in patients. Dental patients (N=57) attended "quit smoking" clinics and were given the Horn Smoker's Self-Test which elicits information on factors relating to smoking. The most important functions cigarettes serve, according to smokers, were to satisfy craving, act as a crutch, and provide…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Dental Clinics, Drug Use, Patients
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Schor, Carole – Journal of Drug Education, 1982
Examined the sex-role attitude of the drug abuse treatment counselor. Found: 1) male counselors viewed clients of both sexes more negatively; 2) male clients were viewed more negatively by counselors of both sexes; 3) counselors with less education had more negative attitudes; and 4) attitudes differed with treatment program type. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Counseling Techniques, Counselor Attitudes, Counselors
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Schaps, Eric; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1982
A drug education course was taught to seventh and eighth graders and then evaluated. Class level univariate analyses of variance and covariance showed that the course produced predicted effects for grade seven females, but not for grade seven males or grade eight males or females. (Author)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Attitude Change, Drug Education
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Traub, Stuart H. – Journal of Drug Education, 1983
Examined female college students' (N=466) drug use, marihuana use in particular. Results indicated that the gap in marihuana usage patterns between females and males has substantially narrowed. Female marihuana users used other drugs quite extensively and had friends who use marihuana. Peer influence was a major factor in drug use. (JAC)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, College Students, Drug Use, Females
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Cotten-Huston, Annie L. – Journal of Drug Education, 1982
Focused on recorded tapes and sex-role interaction of 12 sessions on drug abuse. Subjects were 247 seventh-grade males and females. Communicators (males and females) made two presentations with roles rotated according to ex-addict/learned specialist. Results indicated female and male students were influenced most by female specialist…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Drug Education, Females, Males
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Wright, Loyd S.; Moore, Ron – Journal of Drug Education, 1982
Found that, among 619 college students, 13.5% of males and 4.2% of females reported themselves to have drug abuse problems. Found six variables related to life satisfaction and three variables related to feelings of self competency were correlated with reported drug abuse. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: College Students, Competence, Correlation, Drug Abuse
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Winfree, L. Thomas, Jr.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1981
Investigated youthful drug use in a rural community. Examined the nature and extent of the drug problem extant in the community. Investigated the reasons cited for using drugs. Examined the characteristics of abstainers and their reasons for nonuse and compared this group with former drug users. (Author/RC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Comparative Analysis, Drug Abuse, Drug Use
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Downey, Ann Marie; O'Rourke, Thomas W. – Journal of Drug Education, 1976
This study assesses if initial attitudes and beliefs of a behaviorally homogeneous group (1228 females and 868 males) can be utilized as indicators of future smoking behavior. Results suggest attitudes and beliefs of initial never smokers may serve as indicators of future behavior. (Author)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Behavior Patterns, Futures (of Society), Group Behavior
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Gay, John E. – Journal of Drug Education, 1981
Data from a sample of Blacks aged 11 to 16 indicated drinkers were more likely to report health problems. The correlation between drinking and poor health was most noted among young males and older females. Drinkers reported more sleep disturbances. Tobacco use was a predictor of drinking and pregnancy. (Author)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Alcoholic Beverages, Blacks, Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Myers, Vincent – Journal of Drug Education, 1979
Interviewers and respondents judged interview interactions during a survey of drug-related sentiments. Pronounced variability in interviewer-respondent judgements occurred in unanticipated ways related to gender, role, and ethnicity of participants. Positive interaction yielded different respondent cognitions and reports of illicit drug ingestion…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Disclosure, Drug Abuse, Drug Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Myers, Vincent – Journal of Drug Education, 1978
Interviews with a nationwide sample of young and low-income Black, Chicano, and Caribbean men and women, as well as their nonminority counterparts, reveal that the large majority disapprove of illicit drug phenomena. Although 50 percent of the youth report having had illicit drug experiences, 66 percent of these currently disapprove of illicit…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Drug Abuse, Minority Groups, Racial Differences
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