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Showing 1 to 15 of 130 results Save | Export
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Wallace, Lacey N.; Roche, Michael J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2018
In this study, we examined how the number of friends and leadership among peers related to e-cigarette use and beliefs about the social consequences of use among college students. Data were collected via web survey from 175 university students in 2016. Regression techniques were used to analyze responses. Neither number of friends nor role in a…
Descriptors: Smoking, Health Behavior, Peer Influence, Role
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King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca A.; Hoffman, Ashlee R. – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
A total of 54,361 students in seventh through twelfth grades completed a survey examining the impact of perceived harm of marijuana use, ease of access in obtaining marijuana, and perceived parent/peer disapproval of marijuana use on youth involvement in annual and recent marijuana use. Results indicated that 1 in 6 (16%) students used marijuana…
Descriptors: Parents, Marijuana, Gender Differences, Age Differences
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Zhang, Lening; Wieczorek, William F.; Welte, John W. – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
Background: Studies have consistently found that parental and peer drinking behaviors significantly influence adolescent drinking behavior and that adolescent drinking has a significant effect on their drinking-and-driving behavior. Building upon these studies, the present article assesses whether parental and peer drinking behaviors have direct…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drinking, Least Squares Statistics, Peer Influence
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Scheier, Lawrence M.; Grenard, Jerry L.; Holtz, Kristen D. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study evaluated the efficacy of "Above the Influence" (ATI), a national media-based health persuasion campaign to deter youth drug use. The campaign uses public service anti-drug prevention messages and targets youth between the ages of 14 and 16, a period of heightened susceptibility to peer influences. The evaluation utilized mall…
Descriptors: Evidence, Advertising, Structural Equation Models, Drug Use
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Duncan, Susan C.; Gau, Jeff M.; Duncan, Terry E.; Strycker, Lisa A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined alcohol use development from ages 13-20 years. The sample comprised 256 youth (50.4% female; 51.2% White, 48.8% African American) assessed annually for 6 years. A cohort-sequential latent growth model was used to model categorical alcohol use (non-use vs. use). Covariates included gender, race, income, parent marital status,…
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, Cohort Analysis
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Vidourek, Rebecca A.; King, Keith A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
A total of 7488 7th-12th grade African-American students completed a survey assessing factors associated with recent alcohol use. Results indicated that 13.6% used alcohol in the past month. A series of odds ratios revealed that making good grades, participating in school activities, attending church, and having parents/teachers talk about the…
Descriptors: School Activities, Health Personnel, Secondary School Students, Risk
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Garcia-Rodriguez, Olaya; Suarez-Vazquez, Rosa; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Fernandez-Hermida, Jose R. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The objectives of the present study were to analyze the pattern of tobacco use among Spanish adolescents, as well as to determine gender differences in specific risk factors of cigarette use. The study sample was made up of 1,483 boys and 1,358 girls, aged 12-16 (M = 14). Participants were asked to answer an "ad-hoc" instrument to…
Descriptors: Smoking, Measures (Individuals), Prevention, Risk
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Lewis, Todd F.; Mobley, A. Keith – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Many college students are using substances at levels consistent with Substance Abuse or Dependence, yet little explanation for this phenomenon exits. The aim of this study was to explore a risk factor profile that best separates those with low and high potential for having a Substance Use Disorder (SUD). A discriminant function analysis revealed…
Descriptors: College Students, Probability, Campuses, Substance Abuse
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Araas, Teresa E.; Adams, Troy B. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Objective: Alcohol abuse among college students is associated with a quality of life burden. The current study replicated and extended previous research on protective behavioral strategies (PBS) by examining relationships between PBS use and negative alcohol-related consequences. Method: A national sample of 29,792 U. S. college students who…
Descriptors: College Students, Intervention, Quality of Life, Alcohol Abuse
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Stanley, Jarrod M.; Lo, Celia C. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Data from the 2005 Monitoring the Future survey were used to examine relationships between school-related factors and high school seniors' lifetime methamphetamine use. The study applied logistic regression techniques to evaluate effects of social bonding variables and social learning variables on likelihood of lifetime methamphetamine use. The…
Descriptors: Socialization, Drug Abuse, High School Seniors, At Risk Persons
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Fertman, Carl I.; Primack, Brian A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a child self efficacy scale for learning, peer interactions, and resisting pressure to use drugs, to use in an elementary school drug prevention education program based on social cognitive theory. A diverse cohort of 392 4th and 5th grade students completed the 20-item…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Narcotics, Self Efficacy, Construct Validity
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Collins, David; Pan, Zhenfeng; Johnson, Knowlton; Courser, Matthew; Shamblen, Steve – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Few studies of inhalant use have examined a large number of predictors at the individual level, including risk and protective factors and delinquent behavior, while also taking into account contextual variables (such as school size and poverty rates). This exploratory study uses 8th grade data from a large-scale survey of students in Kentucky to…
Descriptors: Poverty, Delinquency, Marijuana, School Size
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Heyne, Thomas; Bogner, Franz X. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Our study focused on strengthening the individual self-efficacy of low achieving 8th graders reducing drug-specific peer pressure through theoretical and practical training. The subject of the intervention was based on a substance-specific life skills program offering both teacher-centered and student-centered teaching approaches. A cluster…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Prevention, Intervention, Multivariate Analysis
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Jackson, Kelly F.; LeCroy, Craig W. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This study examined predictors of substance use and negative activity involvement among a diverse sample of European American, African American, Hispanic, Native American, and multiracial early adolescents (n = 749) living in a large urban city in the Southwest United States. This study investigated a broad set of predictor variables that tap…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Substance Abuse
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Cleveland, Michael J.; Turrisi, Rob; Reavy, Racheal; Ackerman, Sarah; Buxton, Orfeu M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
A total of 295 first-year students were recruited from multiple campuses of a state-wide university system. Multiple-group path analysis compared parental and peer influences between two student subgroups. First-year students attending 4-year institutions reported higher rates of alcohol use and were more likely to experience alcohol-related…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Peer Influence, Community Colleges, College Freshmen
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