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Plancherel, Bernard; Bolognini, Monique; Stephan, Philippe; Laget, Jacques; Chinet, Leonie; Bernard, Mathieu; Halfon, Olivier – Journal of Drug Education, 2005
A questionnaire investigating adolescents' opinions and experiences regarding marijuana use was administered to 163 adolescents and young adults (96 boys and 67 girls) aged 13 to 20 (mean age = 16.8, s.d. = 1.5). Items referred to marijuana and other substances' dangerousness, representations regarding the positive and negative consequences of…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drug Abuse, Attitude Measures, Foreign Countries
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Koposov, Roman A.; Ruchkin, Vladislav V.; Eisemann, Martin; Sidorov, Pavel I. – Journal of Drug Education, 2005
The relationships between alcohol expectancies, level of alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, aggression, and personality factors in 198 Russian male juvenile delinquents were assessed. A clustering procedure was used in order to establish main patterns of alcohol expectancies, yielding three major clusters. Level of alcohol use, alcohol-related…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personality Traits, Aggression, Alcoholism
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Culleton, Leigheann Ryan; Van Hout, Marie Claire; Foley, Michelle – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2013
Research shows that social norms interventions, which aim to educate individuals and groups on their actual attitudinal and behavioural norms relating to alcohol, cigarette and drug use,incur some success in reducing positive attitudes to substance use and rates of substance use. The research aimed to investigate the extent of misperceptions…
Descriptors: Prevention, Drug Use, Social Behavior, Intervention
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Wild, Lauren G.; Flisher, Alan J.; Bhana, Arvin; Lombard, Carl – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
Associations among six different domains of self-esteem (peers, school, family, sports/athletics, body image, and global self-worth) and risk behaviors related to substance use and suicidality were investigated in a sample of South African adolescents. Students enrolled in Grades 8 and 11 at independent secondary schools in Cape Town (N = 116)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Smoking, Family Influence
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Abatemarco, Diane J.; West, Bernadette; Zec, Vesna; Russo, Andrea; Sosiak, Persis; Mardesic, Vedran – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
War and social transition in Croatia have increased unemployment and rates of substance abuse. A decrease in prevention programs places adolescents at an increased risk. Data collected from the 2002 Split Youth Behavior Risk Survey (YRBS) showed that adolescents are at risk for alcohol use and related problems. Thus, there is a need to strengthen…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Influences, Program Effectiveness, Prevention
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Salm, Twyla; Sevigny, Phil; Mulholland, Val; Greenberg, Hirsch – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This case study examines not only the prevalence of substance abuse in one rural, Canadian high school, but also how teachers understand teaching and learning in relation to substance abuse. Over one third of students reported that they had used marijuana (37%) and alcohol (38%) in the last seven days, a rate considerably higher than typical…
Descriptors: Human Services, Substance Abuse, Incidence, Case Studies
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Cicognani, Elvira; Zani, Bruna – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This study investigated the role of sensation seeking, peer group drinking and self-efficacy in refusing to drink alcohol in influencing alcohol consumption of a sample of 588 Italian university students. Results confirmed that heavy drinkers are typically males living in university residences. Alcohol use is more frequent among students with…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Drinking, Peer Groups, Behavior Standards
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Santana, Yolanda; Gonzalez, Beatriz; Pinilla, Jaime; Calvo, Jose Ramon; Barber, Patricia – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
Background: In adolescents aged 12-14, we measured attitudes to tobacco advertising. Our purpose is to understand the relation of these attitudes to tobacco use and identify the groups most influenced by the advertising. Methods: Survey of adolescents on Gran Canaria Island, Spain, about aspects of family, school, peers, tobacco consumption, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Profiles, Adolescents, Advertising
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Tsiboukli, Anna; Wolff, Kim – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
Examines the use of focus group interviews in understanding staff perceptions of training to work with drug users in the Therapeutic Community model. Discusses methodological issues relevant to the use of focus groups and the individual responses to the training program and the content and structure of the training program are also discussed.…
Descriptors: Counselor Attitudes, Counselor Training, Drug Rehabilitation, Focus Groups
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Planken, Martijn J. E.; Boer, Henk – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate a standard ten-minute peer education protocol to reduce binge drinking among Dutch adolescents at campsites during summer holidays. Using a quasi-experimental design, we evaluated the effects of the peer education protocol as applied by trained peer educators. We collected data by telephone interviews fourteen…
Descriptors: Holidays, Quasiexperimental Design, Self Efficacy, Alcohol Abuse
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Malouff, John M.; Schutte, Nicola S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2002
Uses the Big Five personality factors as a framework for examining the expected personality characteristics of individuals who are alcohol-dependent. Results help explain prior findings about the social handicap of problem drinking with regard to making friends, dating, marriage, and working. Findings have potential use in alcohol-problem…
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Competence
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Cuijpers, Pim – Journal of Drug Education, 2002
Presents results of a meta-analysis of studies that compare drug prevention programs led by peers to the same program led by adults. Overall, peer-led programs were found to be somewhat more effective than adult-led programs. It is concluded that the effectiveness of a prevention program is determined by several characteristics of the program.…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Foreign Countries, Meta Analysis, Peer Teaching
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Morojele, Neo K.; Flisher Alan J.; Muller, Martie; Ziervogel, Carl F.; Reddy, Priscilla; Lombard, Carl J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2002
Study seeks to examine, for South African adolescents, the reliability of the Communities that Care Youth Survey of risk and protective factors for drug use and anti-social behavior, and the extent to which drug use can be predicted from community, family, school, and peer factors. Findings support use of the survey with slight revisions for South…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Antisocial Behavior, Drug Use, Foreign Countries
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Van Hout, Marie Claire; Connor, Sean – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2008
Research Aim: This research aimed to provide an anecdotal perception of student substance use according to the teachers' personal experience in the Irish secondary level educational setting. Methodology: Sampling Interviews were conducted with teachers (n=95) at 10 randomly selected schools in County Carlow in the South East of Ireland, as part of…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Secondary School Teachers, Secondary School Students, Substance Abuse
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Peleg-Oren, Neta; Rahav, Giora; Teichman, Meir – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2008
This study examined the association between parental substance use and the increased risk among school-age children to developing psychosocial problems. Data were collected from 148 children aged 8-11 from urban areas in Israel. The following variables were assessed by four self-report questionnaires administered to the children: …
Descriptors: Children, At Risk Persons, Fathers, Substance Abuse
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