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Garcia-Rodriguez, Olaya; Suarez-Vazquez, Rosa; Secades-Villa, Roberto; Fernandez-Hermida, Jose R. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The objectives of the present study were to analyze the pattern of tobacco use among Spanish adolescents, as well as to determine gender differences in specific risk factors of cigarette use. The study sample was made up of 1,483 boys and 1,358 girls, aged 12-16 (M = 14). Participants were asked to answer an "ad-hoc" instrument to…
Descriptors: Smoking, Measures (Individuals), Prevention, Risk
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Heyne, Thomas; Bogner, Franz X. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Our study focused on strengthening the individual self-efficacy of low achieving 8th graders reducing drug-specific peer pressure through theoretical and practical training. The subject of the intervention was based on a substance-specific life skills program offering both teacher-centered and student-centered teaching approaches. A cluster…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Prevention, Intervention, Multivariate Analysis
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Page, Randy M.; Ihasz, Ferenc; Simonek, Jaromir; Klarova, Renata; Hantiu, Iacob – Journal of Drug Education, 2006
Studies investigating smoking behavior among adolescents living in post-communistic Central-European countries are sparse. This study focused on the relationship between cigarette smoking, certain friendship factors, and social norm perceptions among 1,886 Central-Eastern European adolescents from high schools in Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic,…
Descriptors: Social Attitudes, Norms, High School Students, Peer Influence
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Wild, Lauren G.; Flisher, Alan J.; Bhana, Arvin; Lombard, Carl – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
Associations among six different domains of self-esteem (peers, school, family, sports/athletics, body image, and global self-worth) and risk behaviors related to substance use and suicidality were investigated in a sample of South African adolescents. Students enrolled in Grades 8 and 11 at independent secondary schools in Cape Town (N = 116)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Smoking, Family Influence
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Cicognani, Elvira; Zani, Bruna – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This study investigated the role of sensation seeking, peer group drinking and self-efficacy in refusing to drink alcohol in influencing alcohol consumption of a sample of 588 Italian university students. Results confirmed that heavy drinkers are typically males living in university residences. Alcohol use is more frequent among students with…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Drinking, Peer Groups, Behavior Standards
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Santana, Yolanda; Gonzalez, Beatriz; Pinilla, Jaime; Calvo, Jose Ramon; Barber, Patricia – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
Background: In adolescents aged 12-14, we measured attitudes to tobacco advertising. Our purpose is to understand the relation of these attitudes to tobacco use and identify the groups most influenced by the advertising. Methods: Survey of adolescents on Gran Canaria Island, Spain, about aspects of family, school, peers, tobacco consumption, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Profiles, Adolescents, Advertising
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Planken, Martijn J. E.; Boer, Henk – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate a standard ten-minute peer education protocol to reduce binge drinking among Dutch adolescents at campsites during summer holidays. Using a quasi-experimental design, we evaluated the effects of the peer education protocol as applied by trained peer educators. We collected data by telephone interviews fourteen…
Descriptors: Holidays, Quasiexperimental Design, Self Efficacy, Alcohol Abuse
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Oei, Tian P. S.; Baldwin, Andrea R. – Journal of Drug Education, 1992
Proposes developmental approach to smoking education and prevention for children and adolescents. Reviews literature concerning most appropriate agent, content, and presentation of antismoking education for different ages, concluding that best agents for young children are parents and best agents for pre/early adolescents are peers. For…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Age Differences, Child Development
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Pederson, L. L.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1983
Compared smoking rates among 1,428 Canadian children in grade six in 1975 or 1978 and examined variables related to smoking. Results indicated peer smoking and attitudes toward cigarettes were significant predictors both years. Academic achievement and aspirations entered the 1975 model while smoking exposure variables entered the 1978 model. (JAC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cohort Analysis, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Wong, Connie S. Y.; Tang, Catherine S. K.; Schwarzer, Ralf – Journal of Drug Education, 1997
Explores the interplay of various factors that may jointly predict the frequency of drug use and the intention for further use. Drug-use prevalence data for 969 adolescents, high school students, and imprisoned offenders linked drug-use frequencies with psychosocial variables such as disinhibition, peer drug use, peer pressure, and other factors.…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Delinquency, Drug Use
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Sheppard, Margaret A. – Journal of Drug Education, 1989
Exposed students (N=2,319) in grades 7-10 to drug use study results showing use of cannabis (marijuana) as uncommon among peer group. Measured influence of new data on perceptions and how changed perceptions might affect cannabis use. Found changing perceptions was difficult. Found student perceptions of drug use bore no relationship to personal…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attitude Change, Conformity, Drug Education
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Sheppard, Margaret A.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1987
Conducted large-scale cannabis educational project involving 1,237 elementary and 1,022 secondary school students to examine effects of peer and parent influence on a young person's drug use. Findings suggest that parents rather than peers will be the determining factor in a child's decision to use drugs. (NB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Drug Use, Elementary School Students
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Oei, Tian P. S.; Fea, Annette – Journal of Drug Education, 1987
Reviews literature regarding factors associated with children's initiation into smoking and examines efficacy of health education programs in preventing smoking in children. Though using peer leaders as health educators has been successful, parent-implemented health prevention programs aiming at children at younger ages may be more effective in…
Descriptors: Children, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Health Education
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Pederson, Linda L.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1981
Related variables measured in 1975 to smoking status in 1978 using multivariate statistical procedures. Variables included sociodemographic characteristics, smoking environment, school performance, attitude toward smoking, and knowledge about smoking effects. Cross-sectional analysis of variables measured in 1978 revealed that six variables…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age, Behavior Patterns, Childhood Attitudes
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Oshodin, Osayuki G. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1983
Administered questionnaires defining alcohol practices and reasons for alcohol use to 300 secondary school students in a rural area of Nigeria. Results showed that 71 percent of the students use alcohol. The use and abuse of alcohol among the students was more for social than for psychological reasons. (LLL)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Alcoholism, Drinking, Foreign Countries
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