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Schutte, Nicola S.; Marks, Anthony D. G. – Journal of Drug Education, 2013
The purpose of this research was to examine how affective associations with smoking and outcome expectancies regarding smoking are related to smoking status and intention to quit among smokers. Researchers and practitioners can draw on findings regarding affective associations and outcome expectancies to provide a further basis for smoking…
Descriptors: Smoking, Intention, Health Behavior, Expectation
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Sussman, Steve; Sun, Ping; Gunning, Melissa; Moran, Meghan B.; Pokhrel, Pallav; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Most peer group self-identification research has been conducted in the United States. This article examined the generalizability of self-identified group name research among teens in Ufa, a city in the Russian Federation. A cross-sectional, anonymous collection of data on group self-identification, drug use, addiction concern, sensation seeking,…
Descriptors: Drug Use, Identification (Psychology), Adolescents, Peer Groups
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Brown, Joel H.; Jean-Marie, Gaetane; Beck, Jerome – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Despite a 50-year interdisciplinary and longitudinal research legacy--showing that nearly 80% of young people considered most "at risk" thrive by midlife--only recently have practitioners/researchers engaged in the explicit, prospective facilitation of "resilience" in educational settings. Here, theory/knowledge distinguishing…
Descriptors: Social History, Drug Education, Young Adults, Foreign Countries
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Gunning, Melissa; Sussman, Steve; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the present study, we describe correlates of 30-day cigarette and alcohol use among two samples of high school students, one in the Russian Federation (n = 365), and one in the United States (n = 965). The correlates used in the analyses are based on the theory of triadic influence, which organizes predictors of adolescent substance use into…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Drinking, Foreign Countries
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Malouff, John M.; Thorsteinsson, Einar B.; Schutte, Nicola S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2006
This article describes a meta-analysis of the relationship between the Five-Factor Model of personality and smoking. The results, based on nine studies and a total of 4,730 participants, show that smoking was associated with the following five-factor traits: low conscientiousness, low agreeableness, and high neuroticism. Smokers outside Canada and…
Descriptors: Smoking, Meta Analysis, Personality Studies, Extraversion Introversion
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Yacoubian, George S., Jr. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2007
The United States and the Netherlands have antithetical marijuana control policies. The United States' laws criminalize the possession of even small amounts of marijuana, while the Netherlands have maintained, over the past several decades, two relatively liberal marijuana policies implemented during the 1970s and 1980s. According to the…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Public Policy
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Wilks, Jeffrey; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1984
Compared the alcohol-related attitudes and stereotypes of 677 Papua New Guinea high school youth, 315 Australian, and 166 American students. While the overwhelming majority of Australian and American students had drunk alcohol, the majority of Papua New Guinean young people had not. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcoholic Beverages, Behavior Patterns, Cross Cultural Studies, Developing Nations
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Isralowitz, Richard E.; And Others – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1993
Administered questionnaire on college student drinking problems and attitudes to 167 Australian college students. Compared results to those obtained in previous studies of students in United States and Singapore. Found number of significant sex differences in drinking patterns and behaviors of Australian college men and women. Australian subjects…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Behavior Patterns, College Students, Cross Cultural Studies