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Schwindt, Rhonda; Hudmon, Karen Suchanek; Knisely, Mitchell; Davis, Lorie; Pike, Caitlin – Journal of Drug Education, 2017
Persons with mental illness smoke at rates two to four times higher than do persons without mental illness and comprise 30.9% of the U.S. tobacco market. Given the prevalence of mental illness and the known detrimental effects of tobacco, concerted efforts are needed to promote the use of evidence-based treatment options. We conducted a systematic…
Descriptors: Smoking, Mental Disorders, Health Behavior, Incidence
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Vervaeke, Hylke K.E.; Benschop, Annemieke; Van Den Brink, Wim; Korf, Dirk J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
Our aim is to identify predictors of first-time ecstasy use in a prospective study among young people at risk. As part of the multidisciplinary Netherlands XTC Toxicity Study (NeXT), we monitored 188 subjects aged up to 18 years who were ecstasy-naive at baseline but seemed likely to start taking ecstasy in the near future. After an 11- to…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Young Adults, Peer Groups, Foreign Countries
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Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Wiers, Reinout; Lemmers, Lex; Overbeek, Geertjan – Journal of Drug Education, 2005
The current study focused on the associations between drinking motives, alcohol expectancies, self-efficacy, and drinking behavior in a representative sample of 553 Dutch adolescents and adults. Data were gathered by means of self-report questionnaires and a 14-days drinking diary. A model was postulated in which negative expectancies and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Drinking, Alcohol Education, Adolescents
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Planken, Martijn J. E.; Boer, Henk – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate a standard ten-minute peer education protocol to reduce binge drinking among Dutch adolescents at campsites during summer holidays. Using a quasi-experimental design, we evaluated the effects of the peer education protocol as applied by trained peer educators. We collected data by telephone interviews fourteen…
Descriptors: Holidays, Quasiexperimental Design, Self Efficacy, Alcohol Abuse
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Cuijpers, Pim – Journal of Drug Education, 2002
Presents results of a meta-analysis of studies that compare drug prevention programs led by peers to the same program led by adults. Overall, peer-led programs were found to be somewhat more effective than adult-led programs. It is concluded that the effectiveness of a prevention program is determined by several characteristics of the program.…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Foreign Countries, Meta Analysis, Peer Teaching
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Yacoubian, George S., Jr. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2007
The United States and the Netherlands have antithetical marijuana control policies. The United States' laws criminalize the possession of even small amounts of marijuana, while the Netherlands have maintained, over the past several decades, two relatively liberal marijuana policies implemented during the 1970s and 1980s. According to the…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Public Policy
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van Amerongen, Bob; Goos, Cee – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1985
Discusses issues complicating the message of alcohol education, including the ambivalent nature of alcohol itself, personal uncertainty about the effects of alcohol, and moral issues. Suggests that the schools may be too involved in alcohol education and risk losing credibility with students. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Alcoholism, Credibility, Elementary Secondary Education
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van Berkum, Gonda; And Others – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1991
Dutch National Drug Campaign invited parents and educators to send for "What Everybody Ought to Know about Drugs," booklet containing objective information and recommendations on how to discuss drug problems. Analysis of data from 295 respondents who requested booklet revealed that more highly educated persons and those involved in drug…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Bibliographies, Drug Education, Foreign Countries
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Spruijt, Ed; De Goede, Marijn; Iedema, Jurijen; Maas, Cora; Duindam, Vincent – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1999
Study examines the effects of adolescents' vocational and relationship experiences, adherence to non-traditional values, and parental divorce and involvement on adolescent soft drug use. Results reveal that vocational and relationship experiences in adolescence correlate with the use of soft drugs and adherence to non-conventional norms and values…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drug Use, Foreign Countries, Identification (Psychology)