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Peterson, Emily Bylund; Thomsen, Steven; Lindsay, Gordon; John, Kevin – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The objective of this study was determine if the inclusion of Canadian-style graphic images would improve the degree to which adolescents attend to, and subsequently are able to recall, novel warning messages in tobacco magazine advertising. Specifically, our goal was to determine if the inclusion of graphic images would 1) increase visual…
Descriptors: Smoking, Eye Movements, Attention, Adolescents
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Garnett, Meghan; Stewart, Tanya Charyk; Van Aarsen, Kristine; Millard, Wanda; Lim, Rodrick; Miller, Michael R. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2016
Introduction: Impaired driving is the leading cause of criminal death in Canada and results in numerous emergency department (ED) visits each year. Methods: An online survey was distributed to 94 emergency physicians and emergency medicine residents at an academic tertiary care hospital in Southwestern Ontario. Descriptive statistics were…
Descriptors: Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, Physicians, Physician Patient Relationship
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Malouff, John M.; Thorsteinsson, Einar B.; Schutte, Nicola S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2006
This article describes a meta-analysis of the relationship between the Five-Factor Model of personality and smoking. The results, based on nine studies and a total of 4,730 participants, show that smoking was associated with the following five-factor traits: low conscientiousness, low agreeableness, and high neuroticism. Smokers outside Canada and…
Descriptors: Smoking, Meta Analysis, Personality Studies, Extraversion Introversion
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Salm, Twyla; Sevigny, Phil; Mulholland, Val; Greenberg, Hirsch – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This case study examines not only the prevalence of substance abuse in one rural, Canadian high school, but also how teachers understand teaching and learning in relation to substance abuse. Over one third of students reported that they had used marijuana (37%) and alcohol (38%) in the last seven days, a rate considerably higher than typical…
Descriptors: Human Services, Substance Abuse, Incidence, Case Studies
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Rye, B. J.; Humpartzoomian, Richard; Steep, Barbara – Journal of Drug Education, 2001
Assesses parents, students, and program leaders involved in an in-school drug prevention program for their perceptions of the efficacy of the program. Feedback indicated a very high program satisfaction level from respondents with parents indicating the highest level satisfaction. Areas for improvement included parent attendance; invitation…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Foreign Countries, Health Promotion, High Schools
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Coutts, Michelle Chandler; Graham, Kathryn; Braun, Kathy; Wells, Samantha – Journal of Drug Education, 2000
Describes pilot program, undertaken with staff from eight bars in Ontario, Canada, that uses a peer learning model to teach problem-solving skills regarding prevention and management of aggressive behaviors in bars. Participants showed significant positive changes in knowledge and attitudes regarding effective approaches. Program illustrated the…
Descriptors: Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Modification, Drinking
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Pederson, L. L.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1983
Compared smoking rates among 1,428 Canadian children in grade six in 1975 or 1978 and examined variables related to smoking. Results indicated peer smoking and attitudes toward cigarettes were significant predictors both years. Academic achievement and aspirations entered the 1975 model while smoking exposure variables entered the 1978 model. (JAC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cohort Analysis, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Albert, Werner G.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1983
Describes an outcome evaluation of an eight-session program of alcohol education for parents (N=54). Results showed the program increased the alcohol knowledge of participants, but influenced their attitudes toward parenting in an undesirable direction. The program may have reached parents with the least need to change. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Parent Attitudes
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Sheppard, Margaret A. – Journal of Drug Education, 1983
Describes the development and pilot testing of a marihauna education program for grades 7-10. The five-lesson program included a health belief model and a legal deterrance model. Results of the pilot test showed the health program had the greatest impact. (JAC)
Descriptors: Drug Education, Foreign Countries, Health Education, Illegal Drug Use
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Gliksman, Louis; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1983
Compared the impact of a live theatrical performance and/or alcohol lesson plans on 716 grade 9 and 10 Canadian students. Results indicated that all interventions had an impact on attitudes and behavior and offered encouragement for the potential of theatrical performances as a vehicle for drug education. (LLL)
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Comparative Testing, Educational Strategies, Foreign Countries
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Goldstein, Jay – Journal of Drug Education, 1991
Surveyed residents (n=512) of a Canadian city to examine social stigmatization of tobacco smokers. Found clear evidence of an unfavorable stereotype of smokers. Majority of nonsmokers preferred nonsmokers in roles in which incumbents were likely to be in close proximity. (Author/ABK)
Descriptors: Community Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Smoking, Social Attitudes
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Rickett, Mary; Sheppard, Margaret A. – Journal of Drug Education, 1988
Teaching students decision-making skills is integral to many drug education programs. Conducted series of studies examining elementary and secondary school students' attitudes toward making decisions. Found different age groups perceived making decisions differently. Suggests practitioners need to take maturational levels into consideration when…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Decision Making
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Godin, Gaston; Lepage, Linda – Journal of Drug Education, 1988
Administered questionnaires to 63 pregnant nullipara to determine factors that may influence their decision to stop smoking following childbirth. Results revealed three factors which contributed equally to explaining variance: perceived self-efficacy, smoking habits during pregnancy, and attitude. Also found significant differences between…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Behavior Change, Birth, Cognitive Style
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Smart, Reginald G.; And Others – Journal of Drug Education, 1993
Examined data from repeated cross-sectional probability surveys of alcohol/drug use conducted biennially since 1979 in Ontario schools to determine relationships between classroom alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis education and student use of these substances. Found strong inverse association between increases in exposure to alcohol and drug…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Behavior Change, Drug Education, Drug Use
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Goldstein, Jay – Journal of Drug Education, 1993
Collected data on smoking attitudes and behaviors via interviews of representative sample of city residents, using four indicators of social class position. Regardless of indicator used, few attitudinal or behavioral differences between social classes were found. Results suggest that multifaceted approach to smoking prevention in Canada has…
Descriptors: Attitudes, Behavior, Foreign Countries, Life Style
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