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Schutte, Nicola S.; Marks, Anthony D. G. – Journal of Drug Education, 2013
The purpose of this research was to examine how affective associations with smoking and outcome expectancies regarding smoking are related to smoking status and intention to quit among smokers. Researchers and practitioners can draw on findings regarding affective associations and outcome expectancies to provide a further basis for smoking…
Descriptors: Smoking, Intention, Health Behavior, Expectation
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Marshall, Brenda L.; Roberts, Katherine J.; Donnelly, Joseph W.; Rutledge, Imani N. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
Environmental strategies for colleges and universities to reduce alcohol consumption among their students include the development and enforcement of campus alcohol policies. This study examines students' knowledge and attitudes toward campus alcohol policies and how they relate to alcohol consumption and alcohol social norms. A sample of 422…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, Opinions, Behavior Modification, Alcohol Abuse
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Butler, Adam B.; Spencer, Desiree; Dodge, Kama – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
There is little empirical evidence linking academic demands or rigor to alcohol consumption by college students. In a 3-week daily study of full-time college students at a public, residential campus in the United States, both current day and next day's academic demands were negatively related to alcohol consumption, and these relationships were…
Descriptors: Evidence, College Students, Drinking, Correlation
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Park, Hee Sun; Smith, Sandi; Klein, Katherine A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined estimation and accuracy of normative perceptions for students during one celebratory drinking occasion. Students who drank on St. Patrick's Day overestimated the percentage of others who also drank, whereas the students who did not drink on St. Patrick's Day underestimated the percentage of others who also did not drink. The…
Descriptors: Drinking, Student Behavior, College Students, Student Attitudes
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Sussman, Steve; Sun, Ping; Gunning, Melissa; Moran, Meghan B.; Pokhrel, Pallav; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Most peer group self-identification research has been conducted in the United States. This article examined the generalizability of self-identified group name research among teens in Ufa, a city in the Russian Federation. A cross-sectional, anonymous collection of data on group self-identification, drug use, addiction concern, sensation seeking,…
Descriptors: Drug Use, Identification (Psychology), Adolescents, Peer Groups
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Brown, Joel H.; Jean-Marie, Gaetane; Beck, Jerome – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Despite a 50-year interdisciplinary and longitudinal research legacy--showing that nearly 80% of young people considered most "at risk" thrive by midlife--only recently have practitioners/researchers engaged in the explicit, prospective facilitation of "resilience" in educational settings. Here, theory/knowledge distinguishing…
Descriptors: Social History, Drug Education, Young Adults, Foreign Countries
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Gunning, Melissa; Sussman, Steve; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Kniazev, Vadim; Masagutov, Radik – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the present study, we describe correlates of 30-day cigarette and alcohol use among two samples of high school students, one in the Russian Federation (n = 365), and one in the United States (n = 965). The correlates used in the analyses are based on the theory of triadic influence, which organizes predictors of adolescent substance use into…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Drinking, Foreign Countries
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Yacoubian, George S.; Peters, Ronald J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2007
Raves are characterized by large numbers of youth dancing for long periods of time and by the use of "club drugs," such as 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "ecstasy"). While a small body of research has explored the use of ecstasy and other club drugs (EOCD) among club rave attendees in the United States, we are…
Descriptors: Narcotics, Sexuality, Clubs, Drug Use
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Yacoubian, George S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2007
Developed primarily in clandestine laboratories, methamphetamine is a highly addictive synthetic drug whose physical effects include hyperactivity, euphoria, tremors, and a sense of increased energy. While the accuracy of recent accounts suggesting a methamphetamine epidemic in the United States is unclear, these reports have nevertheless…
Descriptors: Stimulants, Drug Abuse, Incidence, Drug Education
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Shillington, Audrey M.; Clapp, John D. – Journal of Drug Education, 2006
This study examines the risk for alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems resulting from alcohol plus marijuana use compared to alcohol-only use. Data are from telephone interviews with 1113 randomly selected college students attending two large urban universities in the southwestern United States. Alcohol and marijuana users (dual users) were more…
Descriptors: Drinking, Marijuana, Alcohol Abuse, College Students
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Malouff, John M.; Thorsteinsson, Einar B.; Schutte, Nicola S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2006
This article describes a meta-analysis of the relationship between the Five-Factor Model of personality and smoking. The results, based on nine studies and a total of 4,730 participants, show that smoking was associated with the following five-factor traits: low conscientiousness, low agreeableness, and high neuroticism. Smokers outside Canada and…
Descriptors: Smoking, Meta Analysis, Personality Studies, Extraversion Introversion
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Otsuki, Teresa A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
The relationship of self-esteem and depression with alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use was tested in a California statewide sample of more than 4,300 Asian American high school students comprising five subgroups: Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Filipino, and Vietnamese. Estimated prevalence rates of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among…
Descriptors: Females, Smoking, Males, Marijuana
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Yacoubian, George S., Jr. – Journal of Drug Education, 2003
Anecdotal reports have suggested that the use of 3,4-methylenedioxymeth-amphetamine (MDMA or "ecstasy") is a prodigious problem across the United States. Unfortunately, no longitudinal evidence exists to support this contention. In the current study, data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN), Monitoring the Future (MTF), and…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Surveys, Measurement Techniques, Incidence
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Bergen-Cico, Dessa; Kilmer, Jason – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Intercept surveys were conducted with 149 college students each asked to record their alcohol consumption for the previous two weeks using the Timeline Follow-back (TLFB method). Immediately following completion of the pretest TLFB alcohol survey the students were presented with brief educational information defining what constitutes one standard…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Drinking, College Students, Surveys
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Yacoubian, George S., Jr. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2007
The United States and the Netherlands have antithetical marijuana control policies. The United States' laws criminalize the possession of even small amounts of marijuana, while the Netherlands have maintained, over the past several decades, two relatively liberal marijuana policies implemented during the 1970s and 1980s. According to the…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Public Policy
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