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Davenport, Gillian; Midford, Richard; Ramsden, Robyn; Cahill, Helen; Venning, Lynne; Lester, Leanne; Murphy, Bernadette; Pose, Michelle – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
This study describes Australian year eight students' (13-14 years old) experiences with alcohol in terms of communication with parents, initiation into drinking, patterns of consumption, context of use, and harms experienced. The sample comprised 521 year eight students from four state government secondary schools in the state of Victoria. Three…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Supervision, State Government, Rural Education
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Weiss, Jie Wu; Merrill, Vincent; Akagha, Kathy – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This study examined associations between substance use, family functioning, and self-image among four ethnic adolescent groups. Three thousand three hundred and fifteen 8th and 9th grade students were recruited from 10 schools in Los Angeles County. Participants completed a paper-and-pencil survey regarding their alcohol and marijuana use, along…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Adolescents, Grade 8, Grade 9
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Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L.; Shamblen, Stephen R.; Hanley, Sean M.; Flewelling, Robert L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This exploratory study sought to determine if a popular school-based drug prevention program might be effective in schools that are making adequate yearly progress (AYP). Thirty-four schools with grades 6 through 8 in 11 states were randomly assigned either to receive Project ALERT (n = 17) or to a control group (n = 17); of these, 10 intervention…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Control Groups, Prevention, Educational Improvement
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Nguyen, Anh B.; Clark, Trenette T.; Belgrave, Faye Z. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
The current study proposed that empathy may indirectly play a protective role for adolescents in drug use behaviors and that this relationship will be mediated by self-regulatory strategies found in drug refusal efficacy. We predict that empathy will be linked to prosocial behavior and aggression, though we do not believe that they will mediate…
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Structural Equation Models, Self Efficacy, Drug Abuse
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Belgrave, Faye Z.; Johnson, Jessica; Nguyen, Anh; Hood, Kristina; Tademy, Raymond; Clark, Trenette; Nasim, Aashir – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Tobacco is a leading contributor to morbidity and mortality and a primary reason for health disparities among African Americans. In this study we explore the role of stress in smoking and cultural factors that protect against stress among African-American adolescents. Our sample consisted of 239 youth who were recruited into the study while…
Descriptors: African Americans, Smoking, Prevention, Risk
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Collins, David; Pan, Zhenfeng; Johnson, Knowlton; Courser, Matthew; Shamblen, Steve – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Few studies of inhalant use have examined a large number of predictors at the individual level, including risk and protective factors and delinquent behavior, while also taking into account contextual variables (such as school size and poverty rates). This exploratory study uses 8th grade data from a large-scale survey of students in Kentucky to…
Descriptors: Poverty, Delinquency, Marijuana, School Size
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Heyne, Thomas; Bogner, Franz X. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
Our study focused on strengthening the individual self-efficacy of low achieving 8th graders reducing drug-specific peer pressure through theoretical and practical training. The subject of the intervention was based on a substance-specific life skills program offering both teacher-centered and student-centered teaching approaches. A cluster…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Prevention, Intervention, Multivariate Analysis
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Ding, Kele; Olds, R. Scott; Thombs, Dennis L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This retrospective case study assessed the influence of item non-response error on subsequent response to questionnaire items assessing adolescent alcohol and marijuana use. Post-hoc analyses were conducted on survey results obtained from 4,371 7th to 12th grade students in Ohio in 2005. A skip pattern design in a conventional questionnaire…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Marijuana, Measures (Individuals), Secondary School Students
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Rodrigues, Carla Veiga; Figueiredo, Ana Betriz; Rocha, Sara; Ward, Sam; Tavares, Hugo Braga – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
Introduction: Adolescence is a period of physical, psychological, cognitive and emotional changes, where autonomy from parental control is demanded. Adolescents are often self-discovering, frequently adopting sexual and drug exploration behaviors. As a result, health status in both adolescence and adulthood can be influenced. Methods: A…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Risk, Questionnaires, Grade 8
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Donnelly, Joseph; Young, Michael; Pearson, Rebecca; Penhollow, Tina M.; Hernandez, Aida – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
The use of illicit and licit drugs continues to be a major public health concern. Many prevention and drug education programs address this issue by attempting to enhance self-esteem. The idea is that increased levels of self-esteem will serve as a protective factor in decreasing the motivation and increasing the resistance to use drugs. This study…
Descriptors: Narcotics, Self Esteem, Prevention, Public Health
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Palmqvist, Riia A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2006
This study investigates the reasons given by Finnish adolescents for their own alcohol use, and for the use of alcohol by others. In 1999, a questionnaire on reasons for drugs use was administered to a sample of adolescents aged 14-16 (N=488). It was found that the reasons given (i.e., "attributions") involving inner subjective…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Social Change, Adolescents, Drinking
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Van Valey, Thomas L.; Hartmann, David; Post, William – Journal of Drug Education, 2005
The literature suggests that administering drug surveys to public school students is best done by persons outside of the school system (or at least unfamiliar to the students). This is the approach used by the long-time "Monitoring the Future" project. Because of the increased costs that administration by outside research associates requires (both…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Student Surveys, Secondary School Students, Measurement Techniques
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Wild, Lauren G.; Flisher, Alan J.; Bhana, Arvin; Lombard, Carl – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
Associations among six different domains of self-esteem (peers, school, family, sports/athletics, body image, and global self-worth) and risk behaviors related to substance use and suicidality were investigated in a sample of South African adolescents. Students enrolled in Grades 8 and 11 at independent secondary schools in Cape Town (N = 116)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary Education, Smoking, Family Influence
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Zavela, Kathleen J.; Battistich, Victor; Gosselink, Carol A.; Dean, B. J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
"Say Yes First--To Rural Youth and Family Alcohol/Drug Prevention" (SYF) was a 5-year, federally-funded U.S.D.H.H.S. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) project that involved 859 children in the class of the year 2000. The children in four rural school districts were followed from Grade 4 to Grade 8 from 1991 to 1996. Initial results in a…
Descriptors: High School Students, High Risk Students, Prevention, Substance Abuse
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Thomsen, Steven R.; Rekve, Dag; Lindsay, Gordon B. – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
This study explored the association between attendance at the "Bud World Party," a family entertainment venue created by Anheuser-Busch for the 2002 Winter Olympics, and alcohol-related beliefs and current drinking behaviors for a group of 7th and 8th graders who attend a middle school in close proximity to the downtown Salt Lake City plaza where…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Early Adolescents, Alcohol Abuse, Student Characteristics
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