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Giles, Steven M.; Pankratz, Melinda M.; Ringwalt, Chris; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Hansen, William B.; Bishop, Dana; Dusenbury, Linda; Gottfredson, Nisha – Journal of Drug Education, 2012
We examine whether teachers' communicator style relates to student engagement, teacher-student relationships, student perceptions of teacher immediacy, as well as observer ratings of delivery skills during the implementation of All Stars, a middle school-based substance use prevention program. Data from 48 teachers who taught All Stars up to 3…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Interpersonal Communication, Individual Characteristics, Substance Abuse
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Clark, Heddy Kovach; Ringwalt, Chris L.; Shamblen, Stephen R.; Hanley, Sean M.; Flewelling, Robert L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
This exploratory study sought to determine if a popular school-based drug prevention program might be effective in schools that are making adequate yearly progress (AYP). Thirty-four schools with grades 6 through 8 in 11 states were randomly assigned either to receive Project ALERT (n = 17) or to a control group (n = 17); of these, 10 intervention…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Control Groups, Prevention, Educational Improvement
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Nguyen, Anh B.; Clark, Trenette T.; Belgrave, Faye Z. – Journal of Drug Education, 2011
The current study proposed that empathy may indirectly play a protective role for adolescents in drug use behaviors and that this relationship will be mediated by self-regulatory strategies found in drug refusal efficacy. We predict that empathy will be linked to prosocial behavior and aggression, though we do not believe that they will mediate…
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Structural Equation Models, Self Efficacy, Drug Abuse
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Giles, Steven M.; Pankratz, Melinda M.; Ringwalt, Christopher; Hansen, William B.; Dusenbury, Linda; Jackson-Newsom, Julia – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
The purpose of this study was to extend the literature in both substance use implementation and persuasive health communication by examining the extent to which students' need for cognition and impulsive decision-making moderated the relationship between teachers' classroom communication behavior and program outcomes in an evidence-based middle…
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Prevention, Drinking, Decision Making
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Elek, Elvira; Wagstaff, David A.; Hecht, Michael L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
This study assessed the outcomes of adapting the culturally-grounded, middle school, substance-use prevention intervention, "keepin' it REAL" ("kiR"), to target elementary school students and to address acculturation. At the beginning of 5th grade, 29 schools were randomly assigned to conditions obtained by crossing grade of implementation (5th,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Intervention, Prevention, Acculturation
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Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M.; Reingle, Jennifer M.; Tobler, Amy L.; Komro, Kelli A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Alcoholic beverage consumption among high school students has shifted from beer to liquor. The current longitudinal study examined the effects of beverage-specific alcohol use on drinking behaviors among urban youth. Data included 731 adolescents who participated in Project Northland Chicago and reported consuming alcohol in 7th grade. Logistic…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Drinking, Adolescents, High School Students
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Ringwalt, Christopher; Pankratz, Melinda; Gottfredson, Nisha; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Dusenbury, Linda; Giles, Steve; Currey, David; Hansen, Bill – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
We examined the association between changes in the substances and mediating variables targeted by the All Stars drug prevention curriculum, and students' engagement in and enjoyment of the curriculum, their attitudes toward their teachers, and their perceptions of their teachers' skills. Forty-eight school staff administered at least one All Stars…
Descriptors: Prevention, Grade 7, Student Attitudes, Drug Use
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Ding, Kele; Olds, R. Scott; Thombs, Dennis L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This retrospective case study assessed the influence of item non-response error on subsequent response to questionnaire items assessing adolescent alcohol and marijuana use. Post-hoc analyses were conducted on survey results obtained from 4,371 7th to 12th grade students in Ohio in 2005. A skip pattern design in a conventional questionnaire…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Marijuana, Measures (Individuals), Secondary School Students
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Donnelly, Joseph; Young, Michael; Pearson, Rebecca; Penhollow, Tina M.; Hernandez, Aida – Journal of Drug Education, 2008
The use of illicit and licit drugs continues to be a major public health concern. Many prevention and drug education programs address this issue by attempting to enhance self-esteem. The idea is that increased levels of self-esteem will serve as a protective factor in decreasing the motivation and increasing the resistance to use drugs. This study…
Descriptors: Narcotics, Self Esteem, Prevention, Public Health
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Kulis, Stephen; Yabiku, Scott T.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Nieri, Tanya; Crossman, Ashley – Journal of Drug Education, 2007
This study examined whether the efficacy of "keepin' it REAL", a model program for substance use prevention in schools, was moderated by gender, ethnicity, and acculturation. Gender differences in program efficacy may arise through boys' higher risk of drug use, inadequate attention to girls' developmental issues, or cultural factors…
Descriptors: Grade 7, Prevention, Cultural Influences, Acculturation
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Zavela, Kathleen J.; Battistich, Victor; Gosselink, Carol A.; Dean, B. J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
"Say Yes First--To Rural Youth and Family Alcohol/Drug Prevention" (SYF) was a 5-year, federally-funded U.S.D.H.H.S. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) project that involved 859 children in the class of the year 2000. The children in four rural school districts were followed from Grade 4 to Grade 8 from 1991 to 1996. Initial results in a…
Descriptors: High School Students, High Risk Students, Prevention, Substance Abuse
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Martino-McAllister, Jeanne M. – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
The purpose of this study was to explore the risk, protective factors, and resiliency characteristics of students selected to participate in the Police, Public Educators and Peers Utilizing the Leadership Skills of Students At Risk/As Resources (PULSAR) program. The study is significant as it employed qualitative methods and a resiliency-focused…
Descriptors: Prevention, Student Attitudes, Leadership, Substance Abuse
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Thomsen, Steven R.; Rekve, Dag; Lindsay, Gordon B. – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
This study explored the association between attendance at the "Bud World Party," a family entertainment venue created by Anheuser-Busch for the 2002 Winter Olympics, and alcohol-related beliefs and current drinking behaviors for a group of 7th and 8th graders who attend a middle school in close proximity to the downtown Salt Lake City plaza where…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Early Adolescents, Alcohol Abuse, Student Characteristics
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Henry, Kimberly L.; Shtivelband, Annette; Comello, Maria Leonora G.; Slater, Michael D. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
This study explored an understudied promotive factor, a belief that alcohol use is inconsistent with personal autonomy, which may reduce adolescent intention to drink and subsequent alcohol use. Autonomy was examined as an attitudinal construct within the Theory of Reasoned Action. Longitudinal data from 2,493 seventh grade students nested in 40…
Descriptors: Drinking, Intention, Adolescents, Personal Autonomy
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Twombly, Eric C.; Holtz, Kristen D.; Agnew, Christine B. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
Prescription drug misuse is a major health problem, particularly among teens. A key step in curbing misuse is the development of effective prescription drug prevention messages. This paper explores the elements of prescription drug misuse prevention messages that resonate with teens using data from focus groups with seventh and eighth grade…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Prevention, Focus Groups, Audiences
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