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Vincus, Amy A.; Ringwalt, Chris; Harris, Melissa S.; Shamblen, Stephen R. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
We present the short-term results of a quasi-experimental evaluation of the revised D. A. R. E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) curriculum. Study outcomes examined were D. A. R. E.'s effects on three substances, namely students' lifetime and 30-day use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana, as well as their school attendance and academic…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Elementary School Curriculum, Intervention, Drug Education
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Hansen, William B.; Bishop, Dana C.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
Classroom behavior management interventions have been used successfully with drug prevention programs to prevent subsequent antisocial behavior and substance use among youth. This article presents results from implementation of the All Stars Challenge, a classroom-based behavior management component to a drug prevention program for fifth graders.…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Intervention, Antisocial Behavior, Prevention
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Elek, Elvira; Wagstaff, David A.; Hecht, Michael L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2010
This study assessed the outcomes of adapting the culturally-grounded, middle school, substance-use prevention intervention, "keepin' it REAL" ("kiR"), to target elementary school students and to address acculturation. At the beginning of 5th grade, 29 schools were randomly assigned to conditions obtained by crossing grade of implementation (5th,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Intervention, Prevention, Acculturation
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Hecht, Michael L.; Elek, Elvira; Wagstaff, David A.; Kam, Jennifer A.; Marsiglia, Flavio; Dustman, Patricia; Reeves, Leslie; Harthun, Mary – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
This study assessed the immediate and short-term outcomes of adapting a culturally-grounded middle school program, "keepin' it REAL", for elementary school students. After curriculum adaptation, 10 schools were randomly assigned to the intervention in 5th grade with follow-up boosters in 6th grade; 13 schools were randomly assigned to the control…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Curriculum Development, School Activities, Intervention
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Wagstaff, David A.; Kulis, Stephen; Elek, Elvira – Journal of Drug Education, 2009
In the Fall of 2004, 1,948 5th grade students from Phoenix, AZ enrolled in an evaluation of a school-based, substance use prevention intervention. To assess the consistency of Mexican and Mexican-American students' self-reports of lifetime substance use, the present study analyzed data reported by 1,418 students who reported Mexican ancestry and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Mexican Americans, Prevention, Preadolescents
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Wright, Loyd S. – Journal of Drug Education, 2007
This article describes the implementation of an innovative curriculum called Drugs-At-Work (DAW), which was evaluated in three phases. In phase-one, data collected after the third year of the study suggested that the curriculum had a significant impact on the fifth-grade participants, who in turn influenced their sixth-grade classmates the…
Descriptors: Norms, Drug Education, Program Effectiveness, Grade 5
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Holtz, Kristen D.; Twombly, Eric C. – Journal of Drug Education, 2007
Drug and alcohol use among youth remains pervasively high, but students are receiving less school-based prevention. Infusing health information into core curricula may be a valuable prevention approach. Therefore, behavior change theory was used to develop a science education curriculum on drugs for fourth- and fifth-grade students, which was then…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Pretests Posttests, Prevention, Narcotics
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Pankratz, Melinda M.; Jackson-Newsom, Julia; Giles, Steven M.; Ringwalt, Christopher L.; Bliss, Kappie; Bell, Mary Lou – Journal of Drug Education, 2006
There is now ample evidence that teachers tend to make substantial modifications to both the prescribed content and methods of the curricula they administer, and that such modifications are likely to attenuate curricula effects. We examine the fidelity with which teachers implement "Protecting You, Protecting Me," an underage alcohol use…
Descriptors: Prevention, Drinking, Drug Education, Program Implementation
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Zavela, Kathleen J.; Battistich, Victor; Gosselink, Carol A.; Dean, B. J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2004
"Say Yes First--To Rural Youth and Family Alcohol/Drug Prevention" (SYF) was a 5-year, federally-funded U.S.D.H.H.S. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) project that involved 859 children in the class of the year 2000. The children in four rural school districts were followed from Grade 4 to Grade 8 from 1991 to 1996. Initial results in a…
Descriptors: High School Students, High Risk Students, Prevention, Substance Abuse
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Harthun, Mary L.; Dustman, Patricia A.; Reeves, Leslie J.; Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Hecht, Michael L. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2009
This paper reports on a process in which program designers, classroom teachers, and students worked together to adapt the 7th grade "keepin' it REAL" prevention curriculum to a developmentally, socially, and academically appropriate curriculum for 5th graders. A Community-Based Participatory Research methodology (CBPR), combined with a 9-step…
Descriptors: Participatory Research, Prevention, Grade 5, Health Promotion
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Jowers, Keri L.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.; Gately, Sherry – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2007
Public schools are under increased pressure to implement evidence-based substance abuse prevention programs. A number of model programs have been identified, but little research has examined the effectiveness of these programs when "brought to scale" or implemented district-wide. The current paper summarizes the application of the Adelman and…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Student Attitudes, Drug Education, Prevention