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Kolena, Branislav; Petrovicová, Ida; Trnovec, Tomáš; Pilka, Tomáš; Bicanová, Gabriela – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
We describe opinions on medical use of "Cannabis sativa L." under conditions of Slovakia (n = 717). Personal experience with marijuana was detected in 77.42% (n = 553) in age categories younger than 20 years (n = 96) and in 77.06% (n = 457) of adults. Almost 86% of respondents (n = 618) agreed with legal use of marijuana for medical…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Drug Therapy, Age Differences, Substance Abuse
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Logan, Diane E.; Mastroleo, Nadine R.; Wood, Mark D.; Borsari, Brian – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
Little is known about the drinking behaviors and perceptions of the peers facilitating campus alcohol interventions. The current study examined these trajectories in peer counselors (N = 12) providing personalized normative feedback interventions to undergraduates mandated to clinical services. Peer counselors completed four monthly…
Descriptors: Drinking, Health Behavior, Intervention, Feedback (Response)
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Tsai, Jennifer; Huh, Jimi; Idrisov, Bulat; Galimov, Artur; Espada, Jose P.; Gonzálvez, María T.; Sussman, Steve – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
Recently, an addiction matrix measure was assessed among U.S. former alternative high school youth. This presentation seeks to examine the generalizability of findings using this measure among Russian and Spanish high school adolescents. Latent class analysis was used to explore addiction subgroups among adolescents in Russia (average age = 16.27;…
Descriptors: Incidence, Addictive Behavior, High School Students, Generalization
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Horn, Kimberly; Pearson, Jennifer L.; Villanti, Andrea C. – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
In recent years, the United States observed a significant uptake in concurrent use of multiple tobacco products and alternative nicotine delivery devices among youth--a phenomenon identified as polytobacco use--making tobacco control efforts more complex for clinicians, policy makers, and scientists, alike.The present commentary stimulates new…
Descriptors: Smoking, Health Behavior, Life Style, Addictive Behavior
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Nederhoff, Dawn M.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Horvath, Keith J.; Nelson, Toben F.; Ecklund, Alexandra M.; Erickson, Darin J.; Toomey, Traci L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
Excessive alcohol consumption can result from illegal sales to intoxicated patrons at bars and restaurants. We surveyed bar/restaurant managers about their practices in reducing illegal sales to intoxicated patrons. We found that managers were confident that they could refuse service to intoxicated customers but were less likely to have…
Descriptors: Drinking, Dining Facilities, Alcohol Abuse, Retailing
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Winkeljohn Black, Stephanie; Pössel, Patrick; Dietz, Alyssa – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
This study (N = 202; mean age = 19.52 years, SD = 1.36 years; 66.5% female) analyzed three structural equation models to determine whether ruminative brooding and negative affect, moderated by shame proneness, explained college student drinking behaviors more than a model without shame proneness. Results indicated a model including shame proneness…
Descriptors: Drinking, College Students, Structural Equation Models, Student Behavior
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Zullig, Keith J.; Valois, Robert F. – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
Researchers examined the association between perceptions of harm from substance use and social self-efficacy (SSE) in a sample of early adolescents in public middle schools (n = 4,122). One-way analysis of covariance and post hoc tests were used to assess the relationships between perceptions of harm from tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Early Adolescents, Middle School Students, Student Attitudes
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Richardson, George B.; Montgomery, LaTrice; Brubaker, Michael D. – Journal of Drug Education, 2016
Only 7.6% of adolescents in need of substance abuse treatment actually receive it. Many adolescents are hesitant to seek treatment due to public stigma (i.e., negative attitudes and beliefs of the general public toward individuals who abuse substances). However, decades of research indicate that interpersonal contact with stigmatized groups helps…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Substance Abuse, Interpersonal Relationship, Undergraduate Students
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Dvorak, Robert D.; Kuvaas, Nicholas J.; Lamis, Dorian A.; Pearson, Matthew R.; Stevenson, Brittany L. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
Emotional and behavioral regulation has been linked to coping and enhancement motives and associated with different patterns of alcohol use and problems. The current studies examined emotional instability, urgency, and internal drinking motives as predictors of alcohol dependence symptoms as well as the likelihood and severity of "Diagnostic…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Drinking, College Students, Emotional Problems
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Morton, Cory M.; Hoefinger, Heidi; Linn-Walton, Rebecca; Aikins, Ross; Falkin, Gregory P. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
The current study analyzes a sample of questions about drugs asked online by youth who participated in the National Institute on Drug Abuse's (NIDA) "Drug Facts Chat Day." The types of drugs youth asked about were coded into 17 substance categories, and the topics they raised were coded into seven thematic categories. The top five…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Smoking, Drinking, Cocaine
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Droege, Jocelyn R.; Stevens, Edward B.; Jason, Leonard A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
Substance abuse is associated with a host of harmful consequences to the substance user as well as other individuals and society as a whole. Although harm is an integral component of substance abuse, there is a dearth of research that investigates the relationship between harm and substance use problems. The goal of this study was to explore…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Correlation, Therapy, Consciousness Raising
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Wahesh, Edward; Lewis, Todd F. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
The current study identified psychosocial variables associated with AUDIT-C hazardous drinking risk status for male and female college students. Logistic regression analysis revealed that AUDIT-C risk status was associated with alcohol-related negative consequences, injunctive norms, and descriptive norms for both male and female participants.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Alcohol Abuse, Risk, Self Concept
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Martinez, Julia A.; Roth, Madeline G.; Johnson, Douglas N.; Jones, Jane A. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
Along with recent changes in cannabis legalization and decriminalization, there has been an increasing amount of attention aimed at cannabis use and outcomes in college. Although some amount of cannabis use might be expected under theories of collegiate identity development, public health research indicates that cannabis use ultimately associates…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Marijuana, Drug Use, Grade Point Average
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Chen, Yixin; Yang, Z. Janet – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
We conducted an experiment to examine whether risk perceptions of alcohol-attributable cancer influence college students' binge-drinking intention and to explore how message formats (text, table, and graph) and numeracy influence risk perceptions of alcohol-attributable cancer. We found that a majority of participants (87%) perceive some risks of…
Descriptors: Cancer, Alcohol Abuse, Risk, Numeracy
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Marzell, Miesha; Morrison, Christopher; Mair, Christina; Moynihan, Stefanie; Gruenewald, Paul J. – Journal of Drug Education, 2015
This study examined drinking patterns of three different college student groups: (a) intercollegiate athletes, (b) intramural/club athletes, and (c) nonathletes. Additionally, we investigated whether a relationship exists between drinking setting and risk of increased drinking. We analyzed data on the athletic involvement, drinking behaviors, and…
Descriptors: Drinking, Risk, Disadvantaged Environment, College Athletics
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