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ERIC Number: EJ1402864
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2023
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2640-4524
EISSN: EISSN-2578-2568
Student Camera Use in Synchronous Classrooms: A Two-Study Exploration of CTML's Embodiment Principle
Zac D. Johnson; Kevin C. Knoster
Journal of Communication Pedagogy, v7 p91-110 2023
Two studies were conducted to ascertain whether or not the embodiment principle of the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning would apply to student's use of cameras in synchronous online instruction. Results from a cross-sectional dataset indicate that students who utilize their cameras report more positive outcomes than students who do not utilize their cameras. Results from a quasi-experimental design indicate that students do not report any significant differences between experiencing classes where their peers keep their cameras-on or when their peers keep their cameras-off.
Central States Communication Association. University of Montevallo, Department of Communication, 75 College Drive, Station 6625, Montevallo, AL 35115. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A