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Martin, Kimberly; Goldwasser, Molly; Harris, Eugenia – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Students who are enrolled in developmental courses often persist at lower rates than students who enter college prepared for college-level work. This phenomenon has been attributed to numerous potential factors, including the psychological impact of assignment to developmental courses. This study examines the impact of enrollment in multiple…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Self Efficacy, College Students, Remedial Instruction
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Boldt, David J.; Kassis, Mary M.; Smith, William J. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The course withdrawal decision includes both monetary and time costs for the student. Institutional costs include the misallocation of scarce seats to noncompleting students. Understanding the course withdrawal decision process can aid advisors and administrators as they seek ways to improve retention and progression. This study uses 21,318 course…
Descriptors: Withdrawal (Education), Business Administration Education, Core Curriculum, Influences
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Heller, Monica L.; Cassady, Jerrell C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The current study explored the differential influences that behavioral learning strategies (i.e., cognitive-metacognitive, resource management), motivational profiles, and academic anxiety appraisals have on college-level learners in two unique learning contexts. Using multivariate analysis of variance and discriminant analysis, the study first…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, College Students, Universities
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Jensen, Jamie L.; Neeley, Shannon; Hatch, Jordan B.; Piorczynski, Ted – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The United States produces too few Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) graduates to meet demand. We investigated scientific reasoning ability as a possible factor in STEM retention. To do this, we classified students in introductory biology courses at a large private university as either declared STEM or non-STEM majors and…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Thinking Skills, Abstract Reasoning, Retention (Psychology)
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DeLaRosby, Hal R. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Academic advising satisfaction is highly correlated with retention in higher education. Thriving Quotient survey responses were collected from undergraduate students at a private, liberal arts college in the Pacific Northwest. Using a multiple regression analysis, this study examined what "student characteristics" and "collegiate…
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Academic Advising, School Holding Power, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Callahan, Janet; Belcheir, Marcia – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Methods that provide an early indicator of factors that affect student persistence are important to colleges and universities. This quantitative research focused on the role of level of entry mathematics and English and also on grades earned in those classes, as they relate to persistence after 1 year. The research showed that by far, the variable…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, English Instruction, Academic Persistence, Comparative Analysis
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Gansemer-Topf, Ann M.; Kollasch, Aurelia; Sun, Jie – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Improving student persistence, especially in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, continues to be at the forefront of national educational policy discussions. Living in university housing, with its focus specifically on assisting students in transition, has consistently been positively related to student persistence.…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Academic Persistence, On Campus Students, College Freshmen
Yomtov, Dani; Plunkett, Scott W.; Efrat, Rafi; Marin, Adriana Garcia – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The effectiveness of a peer-mentoring program was examined at a university in California. Previous studies suggest university peer mentoring might increase students' feelings of engagement, which can contribute to their retention. Pretest and posttest data were collected from 304 freshmen (mentored and nonmentored) during the fall of 2012 in a…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Mentors, Peer Teaching, Pretests Posttests
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Yu, Hongwei – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Student retention has garnered increased attentions in higher education. Drawing from various theoretical perspectives, researchers have developed multiple theoretical models to explain or predict student retention. Most models, however, were intended for traditional aged, full-time students at 4-year colleges or universities. The rapid growth of…
Descriptors: Two Year College Students, Community Colleges, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence
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Martin, Jason M. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
First-year college student retention is important to colleges and universities, as well as beyond academia. An analysis was conduced of emergent themes and subthemes from 144 nonreturning students' stories about school and about home throughout their first-year experience. These students wrote more negative stories about school-related events than…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Academic Persistence, Student Attitudes, Student Experience
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Heiny, Robert L.; Heiny, Erik L.; Raymond, Karen – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Two approaches, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and Logistic Regression are used and compared to predict success or failure for first-time freshmen in the first calculus course at a medium-sized public, 4-year institution prior to Fall registration. The predictor variables are high school GPA, the number, and GPA's of college prep mathematics…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Mathematics, Calculus, Student Placement
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Tinto, Vincent – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
For years, our prevailing view of student retention has been shaped by theories that view student retention through the lens of institutional action and ask what institutions can do to retain their students. Students, however, do not seek to be retained. They seek to persist. The two perspectives, though necessarily related, are not the same.…
Descriptors: School Holding Power, Academic Persistence, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation
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Silva, Meghan R.; Kleinert, Whitney L.; Sheppard, A. Victoria; Cantrell, Kathryn A.; Freeman-Coppadge, Darren J.; Tsoy, Elena; Roberts, Tangela; Pearrow, Melissa – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
Although younger populations, such as emerging adults, have been shown to be particularly susceptible to food insecurity and housing instability, the current research is predominantly devoid of literature examining these experiences on college campuses. The present study explores the food and housing vulnerabilities that may be barriers to…
Descriptors: College Students, Urban Universities, Food, College Housing
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Scott, Timothy P.; Thigpin, Sara S.; Bentz, Adrienne O. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The College of Science at Texas A&M University developed a transfer student learning community with one 2-year institution after receiving National Science Foundation funds for scholarships to support students majoring in engineering and science. To date, 89% of the students that matriculated to Texas A&M University under this grant have…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Majors (Students), School Holding Power
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Wibrowski, Connie R.; Matthews, Wendy K.; Kitsantas, Anastasia – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2017
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to assess the impact of the Skills Learning Support Program (SLSP) aimed to support entering first-generation college students' motivational beliefs, use of self-regulatory strategies, and academic achievement. The study included 137 students from ethnically diverse cultural backgrounds who were in need…
Descriptors: First Generation College Students, Student Motivation, Academic Achievement, Longitudinal Studies
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