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Fenster, Judy – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
The achievement of a group of undergraduate students enrolled in a pilot program for welfare recipients in the form of TANF (Temporary Aid to Needy Families) was compared with the achievement of general population students at an urban community college. Grades attained in a basic level, introductory Psychology course were used to measure academic…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Psychology, Welfare Recipients, Pilot Projects
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Austin, Sandra A.; McDermott, Kathryn A. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
This article examines barriers to college persistence for low-income, single mothers at a public university in the Northeast, and the strategies the women used in their efforts to overcome the barriers. Data for the study were drawn from in-depth interviews with 14 current and former university students. The women's strategies and resources for…
Descriptors: Welfare Services, Academic Persistence, Social Networks, Mothers
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Grant-Vallone, Elisa; Reid, Kelly; Umali, Christine; Pohlert, Edward – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
Universities are becoming increasingly concerned with ways to increase retention rates, student success in college, and comfort level on campus for demographically underrepresented and first-generation college students. Although there are many approaches for helping students' transition to a university, one important intervention strategy is to…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), Intervention, Social Adjustment, Mentors
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Davig, William B.; Spain, Judith W. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
This study examined the effectiveness of different topics/activities included in a freshman orientation course in enhancing the students' perception of their successful adjustment to college life and the impact of these subjects on the student level of persistence. The results support the Tinto stage model of persistence since the elements of the…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Student Attitudes, Course Content, Social Networks
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Prussia, Gregory E.; Weis, William L. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
This longitudinal study explored the degree to which a required MBA course emphasizing experiential learning positively influenced student retention. Results from subgroup comparisons across multiple time periods suggest that this type of teaching methodology leads to enhanced retention effects. The improved retention is attributed to the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Social Integration, Experiential Learning, School Holding Power
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Potts, Glenn; Schultz, Brian; Foust, Jacque – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
The goals of increasing student retention and the development of effective learning structures have led the faculty of the College of Business and Economics to experiment with freshman learning communities. In the fall of 1998, a total of 92 business and accounting freshmen were placed in cohorts of approximately 10 students. The students in each…
Descriptors: School Holding Power, Control Groups, Academic Achievement, College Freshmen
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Gansemer-Topf, Ann M.; Schuh, John H. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
A long-standing concern of many colleges and universities are low persistence and graduation rates. This study examined how institutions can affect, and potentially improve, persistence and graduation rates by targeting their expenditures toward those activities that have an affect on persistence and graduation. Framed by Tinto's theory of…
Descriptors: Resource Allocation, Graduation Rate, Graduation, Expenditures
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Mann, Judith R.; Hunt, Madelyn D.; Alford, Julie G. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
Universities have recognized student attrition as a problem for some years, and measures to improve this critical issue are being sought. One such effort used at Lamar University is the Monitored Probation (MP) program. The MP program is a comprehensive early intervention academic retention program intended to assist with the academic success of…
Descriptors: Student Attrition, Grade Point Average, Control Groups, Academic Probation
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Goenner, Cullen F.; Snaith, Sean M. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
The importance that is placed on graduation rates as a measure of the success of institutions of higher education warrant the ongoing research into understanding the determinants of these educational outcomes. This study examines the role of institutional factors in determining graduation rates at doctoral universities. While controlling for…
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Outcomes of Education, Institutional Characteristics, Educational Objectives
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Bowles, Tyler J.; Jones, Jason – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
Single equation regression models have been used to test the effect of Supplemental Instruction (SI) on student retention. These models, however, fail to account for the two salient features of SI attendance and retention: (1) both SI attendance and retention are categorical variables, and (2) are jointly determined endogenous variables. Adopting…
Descriptors: School Holding Power, Economics Education, Supplementary Education, Academic Persistence
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Sands, Nicole; Schuh, John H. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
Biracial students represent a growing number of students on many campuses and an increasingly significant segment of the population of the United States. Nevertheless, this group of students rarely has been studied with respect as to how their experiences affect persistence at colleges and universities. This case study reports on the experiences…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Multiracial Persons, Racial Identification, Undergraduate Students
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Hlyva, Oksana; Schuh, John – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
This article presents the findings from a qualitative study that sought to learn about students' perceptions of a Cross-Cultural Learning Community (CCLC) at a large Midwestern University. The article focuses on three major areas that emerged as a result of focus groups: 1) students' reasons for joining the CCLC, 2) the role of the CCLC in the…
Descriptors: Focus Groups, Student Attitudes, Cross Cultural Studies, Multicultural Education
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Bowles, Tyler J.; Jones, Jason – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
Single equation regression models have been used rather extensively to test the effectiveness of Supplemental Instruction (SI). This approach, however, fails to account for the possibility that SI attendance and the outcome of SI attendance are jointly determined endogenous variables. Moreover, the standard approach fails to account for the fact…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Supplementary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Regression (Statistics)
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Vare, Jonatha W.; Dewalt, Mark W.; Dockery, E. Ray – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
Researchers describe results from a longitudinal study of variables predicting retention in undergraduate teacher education. Selected teacher candidates' background characteristics were correlated with undergraduate grade point ratio (GPR) as a measure of academic success. The sample consisted of 657 candidates in an initial course in teacher…
Descriptors: School Holding Power, Teacher Education, Multiple Regression Analysis, Academic Achievement
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Woosley, Sherry – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2004
The withdrawal policies of many universities are based on the supposition that being able to withdraw without grade point repercussions will encourage students to return to the institution at a later date. This study focused on withdrawing students and examined the differences between those who re-enroll after a withdrawal and those who do not.…
Descriptors: School Holding Power, Dropout Research, Stopouts, Dropouts
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