ERIC Number: EJ1201690
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
The Influence of Residential Status on the Adjustment to College at Four Urban Universities
Melendez, Mickey C.
Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, v20 n4 p437-454 Feb 2019
College student adjustment, success, and retention have been a focus of college administrators and student development professionals for decades. However, national college retention and graduation statistics are typically focused on full-time residential college populations. The purpose of the current study was to examine more closely the influence of commuting on the adjustment to college. Residential status, race or ethnicity, and gender were utilized as predictors of college adjustment for 359 college freshmen attending four diverse urban universities. The four subscales of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire were employed as outcome variables. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that the model of residential status, gender, and race or ethnicity proved to be the best model and a significant predictor of the social adjustment and institutional attachment subscales of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire for the current population. Implications for future research and commuter student support programming are discussed.
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Place of Residence, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Gender Differences, Predictor Variables, College Freshmen, Urban Schools, Commuting Students, Student Role, On Campus Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire