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Savage, Matthew W.; Strom, Renee E.; Ebesu Hubbard, Amy S.; Aune, Krystyna S. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2019
This investigation theoretically extended Tinto's model of student persistence by drawing on interpersonal communication research to elaborate on the role of commitment in student persistence. College student departure literature was reviewed and critiqued concerning the conceptualization and measurement of commitment within the interactionalist…
Descriptors: College Students, Academic Persistence, Student Motivation, Student School Relationship
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Farruggia, Susan P.; Han, Cheon-woo; Watson, Lakeshia; Moss, Thomas P.; Bottoms, Bette L. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Farrington and colleagues developed a model that contends that academic mindsets, academic perseverance, learning strategies, social skills, and academic behaviors affect academic success. This study tests a modified version of this model with first-year students (n = 1,603) at a large, ethnically diverse, urban university. The hypothesized…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Freshmen, School Holding Power, Academic Persistence
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Holt, Laura J.; Fifer, James E. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Peer mentoring programs frequently are implemented on college campuses to enhance first-year college student retention; however, few studies have examined characteristics of peer mentors that are associated with more supportive mentor-mentee relationships, leaving college personnel with a limited understanding of how to improve these vital…
Descriptors: Mentors, Peer Relationship, College Freshmen, Academic Persistence
Sanchez, Jafeth E.; Lowman, Jennifer L.; Hill, Kathleen A. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2018
Given the major investment in the Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP) grant, rising postsecondary access, trends in poor persistence and retention rates, and the ongoing accountability measures in higher education, it is critical to examine factors related to postsecondary performance and persistence of GEAR…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, School Holding Power, Undergraduate Study
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Davidson, J. Cody – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
Mathematics is the most common subject area of remedial need and the majority of remedial math students never pass a college-level credit-bearing math class. The majorities of studies that investigate this phenomenon are conducted at community colleges and use some type of regression model; however, none have used a continuation ratio model. The…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Remedial Mathematics, Academic Persistence, Remedial Instruction
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Gershenfeld, Susan; Hood, Denice Ward; Zhan, Min – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
Academic performance is a primary predictor of college graduation, yet few studies have examined one of the earliest indicators of academic performance--first-semester grade point average (GPA). Given the considerable public and private investment in ensuring access for underrepresented students, a focus on the role of first-semester GPA for these…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Grade Point Average, Predictor Variables, Graduation Rate
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Kopp, Jason P.; Shaw, Emily J. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
Retention research rarely differentiates between students dismissed from an institution for poor academic performance versus students leaving by choice. As a proxy for studying academic dismissal, this study investigated differences between students leaving college in academic jeopardy after the first year (<2.00 grade point average) and those…
Descriptors: Dropouts, College Students, Academic Achievement, School Holding Power
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Gaultney, Jane F. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
The present study used a validated survey to assess freshmen college students' sleep patterns and risk for sleep disorders and then examined associations with retention and grade point average (GPA) over a 3-year period. Students at risk for a sleep disorder were more likely to leave the institution over the 3-year period, although this…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Sleep, Academic Achievement, School Holding Power
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Kerby, Molly B. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
Theoretical models designed to predict whether students will persist or not have been valuable tools for retention efforts relative to the creation of services in academic and student affairs. Some of the early models attempted to explain and measure factors in the "college dropout process." For example, in his seminal work, Tinto…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Models, School Holding Power, Academic Persistence
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Soria, Krista M.; Stubblefield, Robin – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
This goal of this study was to examine the benefits of a campus-wide initiative to build first-year students' strengths awareness. The results of a survey of the first-year class (n?=?1,421) suggest a positive and significant relationship between students' strengths awareness and their belief that the strengths initiatives on campus positively…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Student Attitudes, Group Membership, Interpersonal Relationship
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Pleitz, Jacob D.; MacDougall, Alexandra E.; Terry, Robert A.; Buckley, M. Ronald; Campbell, Nicole J. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
The purpose of this article is to build upon previous efforts evaluating the degree to which the discrepancy between student expectations and experiences can result in greater rates of attrition in education. Data were collected from 225 students at a large Midwestern public university and analyzed to assess the discrepancy between expectations…
Descriptors: College Students, Academic Persistence, Student Educational Objectives, Expectation
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Grier-Reed, Tabitha; Chahla, Rose – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
Career planning courses are one of the most effective ways to improve career development, and the benefits to career decision-making are well documented. The research base regarding whether career courses contribute to academic outcomes is less well-developed. Although recent findings suggest that career courses may improve retention in the first-…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Career Development, Career Education, Constructivism (Learning)
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Cholewa, Blaire; Ramaswami, Soundaram – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
Higher education administrators, faculty, and staff expend great effort to increase the academic success and retention of college freshmen. Underprepared college freshmen are of particular concern given their high risk for dropping out. While interventions such as specific orientation programs, remedial/developmental coursework, and special…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, School Holding Power, College Freshmen, Counseling
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Farmer, Errick D.; Hope, Warren C. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
African American males face major challenges in retention and graduation from institutions of higher education. The 6-year graduation rate for African American males at 4-year public institutions and private nonprofit colleges is less than 40%. This figure suggests that persistence toward degree attainment is a problem. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: African American Students, Males, Black Colleges, College Students
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Raju, Dheeraj; Schumacker, Randall – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2015
The study used earliest available student data from a flagship university in the southeast United States to build data mining models like logistic regression with different variable selection methods, decision trees, and neural networks to explore important student characteristics associated with retention leading to graduation. The decision tree…
Descriptors: Student Characteristics, Higher Education, Graduation Rate, Academic Persistence
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